Enantiomer-specific effects of albuterol on airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats

Carol R. Reinero, Cherlene Delgado, Christine Spinka, Amy E. DeClue, Rajiv Dhand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Racemic (R,S)-albuterol is a 1:1 mixture of an R-enantiomer which has bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects, and an S-enantiomer which is associated with increased airway hyperreactivity and proinflammatory effects. Proinflammatory effects of regularly inhalated and S-albuterol have not been studied in a whole-animal model. We hypothesized that regular administration of R,S-albuterol or S-albuterol, but not R-albuterol, would induce airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats. Methods: Six healthy and 5 experimentally asthmatic cats were randomized to receive inhaled R,S-albuterol, S-albuterol, R-albuterol, or placebo (saline) twice daily for 2 weeks, followed by a 6-week washout before crossover to the next treatment. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected for cell counts and cytokine analysis prior to and at the end of each 2-week treatment. Results: Healthy and asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol had higher total lavage cell numbers (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively) than those receiving R-albuterol and placebo. The number of lavage eosinophils and the TNF-α bioactivity was higher in asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol compared with those receiving the other treatments (p = 0.03 and p = 0.004, respectively). In healthy cats, the number of lavage neutrophils was higher when they received R,S- and S-albuterol compared with other treatments (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Airway inflammation is induced in both healthy and asthmatic cats with regular inhalation of racemic and S-albuterol, but not with R-albuterol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Albuterol
Cats
Inflammation
Therapeutic Irrigation
Cell Count
Placebos
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Therapeutics
Eosinophils
Inhalation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Enantiomer-specific effects of albuterol on airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats. / Reinero, Carol R.; Delgado, Cherlene; Spinka, Christine; DeClue, Amy E.; Dhand, Rajiv.

In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, Vol. 150, No. 1, 01.08.2009, p. 43-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reinero, Carol R. ; Delgado, Cherlene ; Spinka, Christine ; DeClue, Amy E. ; Dhand, Rajiv. / Enantiomer-specific effects of albuterol on airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats. In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. 2009 ; Vol. 150, No. 1. pp. 43-50.
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abstract = "Background: Racemic (R,S)-albuterol is a 1:1 mixture of an R-enantiomer which has bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects, and an S-enantiomer which is associated with increased airway hyperreactivity and proinflammatory effects. Proinflammatory effects of regularly inhalated and S-albuterol have not been studied in a whole-animal model. We hypothesized that regular administration of R,S-albuterol or S-albuterol, but not R-albuterol, would induce airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats. Methods: Six healthy and 5 experimentally asthmatic cats were randomized to receive inhaled R,S-albuterol, S-albuterol, R-albuterol, or placebo (saline) twice daily for 2 weeks, followed by a 6-week washout before crossover to the next treatment. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected for cell counts and cytokine analysis prior to and at the end of each 2-week treatment. Results: Healthy and asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol had higher total lavage cell numbers (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively) than those receiving R-albuterol and placebo. The number of lavage eosinophils and the TNF-α bioactivity was higher in asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol compared with those receiving the other treatments (p = 0.03 and p = 0.004, respectively). In healthy cats, the number of lavage neutrophils was higher when they received R,S- and S-albuterol compared with other treatments (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Airway inflammation is induced in both healthy and asthmatic cats with regular inhalation of racemic and S-albuterol, but not with R-albuterol.",
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AU - Delgado, Cherlene

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AU - Dhand, Rajiv

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N2 - Background: Racemic (R,S)-albuterol is a 1:1 mixture of an R-enantiomer which has bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects, and an S-enantiomer which is associated with increased airway hyperreactivity and proinflammatory effects. Proinflammatory effects of regularly inhalated and S-albuterol have not been studied in a whole-animal model. We hypothesized that regular administration of R,S-albuterol or S-albuterol, but not R-albuterol, would induce airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats. Methods: Six healthy and 5 experimentally asthmatic cats were randomized to receive inhaled R,S-albuterol, S-albuterol, R-albuterol, or placebo (saline) twice daily for 2 weeks, followed by a 6-week washout before crossover to the next treatment. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected for cell counts and cytokine analysis prior to and at the end of each 2-week treatment. Results: Healthy and asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol had higher total lavage cell numbers (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively) than those receiving R-albuterol and placebo. The number of lavage eosinophils and the TNF-α bioactivity was higher in asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol compared with those receiving the other treatments (p = 0.03 and p = 0.004, respectively). In healthy cats, the number of lavage neutrophils was higher when they received R,S- and S-albuterol compared with other treatments (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Airway inflammation is induced in both healthy and asthmatic cats with regular inhalation of racemic and S-albuterol, but not with R-albuterol.

AB - Background: Racemic (R,S)-albuterol is a 1:1 mixture of an R-enantiomer which has bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects, and an S-enantiomer which is associated with increased airway hyperreactivity and proinflammatory effects. Proinflammatory effects of regularly inhalated and S-albuterol have not been studied in a whole-animal model. We hypothesized that regular administration of R,S-albuterol or S-albuterol, but not R-albuterol, would induce airway inflammation in healthy and asthmatic cats. Methods: Six healthy and 5 experimentally asthmatic cats were randomized to receive inhaled R,S-albuterol, S-albuterol, R-albuterol, or placebo (saline) twice daily for 2 weeks, followed by a 6-week washout before crossover to the next treatment. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected for cell counts and cytokine analysis prior to and at the end of each 2-week treatment. Results: Healthy and asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol had higher total lavage cell numbers (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively) than those receiving R-albuterol and placebo. The number of lavage eosinophils and the TNF-α bioactivity was higher in asthmatic cats receiving R,S- and S-albuterol compared with those receiving the other treatments (p = 0.03 and p = 0.004, respectively). In healthy cats, the number of lavage neutrophils was higher when they received R,S- and S-albuterol compared with other treatments (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Airway inflammation is induced in both healthy and asthmatic cats with regular inhalation of racemic and S-albuterol, but not with R-albuterol.

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