Endothelin (ET)-1 inhibits nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells

A novel function of ETB1 receptors

Jagadeesha K. Dammanahalli, Zhongjie Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endothelin (ET)-1 stimulates nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases and increases superoxide production in some cells such as vascular smooth muscle cells. Here, we reported that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide generation, and cell proliferation in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells (HAAECs) via the ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. Superoxide production was determined by assessing ethidium fluorescence using flow cytometry in HAAECs exposed to ET1 (10-30 nM) at different time intervals. ET1 significantly decreased superoxide production in HAAECs in the presence of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, indicating that ET1 suppressed superoxide generation independent of nitric oxide synthase. ET1 significantly attenuated NADPH oxidase activity and cell proliferation, which could be abolished by silence of Nox1 gene, suggesting that ET1-induced inhibition of NADPH oxidase activity was mediated by Nox1. Furthermore, RNA interference silence of ETB1 receptors significantly increased NADPH oxidase activity, and blocked the inhibitory effect of ET1 on NADPH oxidase activity. Activation of ETB1 receptors by ET1 suppressed protein phosphorylation of pyk2 (Y402) and Rac1, suggesting that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity via ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1 pathway. Indeed, inhibition of Pyk2 by AG-17 abolished ET1-induced suppression of NADPH oxidase activity. ET1 also attenuated angiotensin II-induced activation of NADPH oxidase and cell proliferation. This study demonstrated, for the first time, that ET1, via ETB1, inhibited NADPH oxidase activity in HAAECs by suppressing the Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. This finding reveals a novel function of ETB1 receptors in regulating endothelial NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide production, and cell proliferation, opening a new avenue for understanding the role of ETB1 receptors in protecting endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4979-4987
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrinology
Volume149
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

Fingerprint

Endothelin-1
NADP
Human Activities
Oxidoreductases
Endothelial Cells
Superoxides
Cell Proliferation
Ethidium
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
RNA Interference
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Angiotensin II
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Flow Cytometry
Fluorescence
Phosphorylation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Endothelin (ET)-1 inhibits nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells : A novel function of ETB1 receptors. / Dammanahalli, Jagadeesha K.; Sun, Zhongjie.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 149, No. 10, 01.10.2008, p. 4979-4987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{baed3483ecf144a5ae5f279b9a4f9509,
title = "Endothelin (ET)-1 inhibits nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells: A novel function of ETB1 receptors",
abstract = "Endothelin (ET)-1 stimulates nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases and increases superoxide production in some cells such as vascular smooth muscle cells. Here, we reported that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide generation, and cell proliferation in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells (HAAECs) via the ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. Superoxide production was determined by assessing ethidium fluorescence using flow cytometry in HAAECs exposed to ET1 (10-30 nM) at different time intervals. ET1 significantly decreased superoxide production in HAAECs in the presence of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, indicating that ET1 suppressed superoxide generation independent of nitric oxide synthase. ET1 significantly attenuated NADPH oxidase activity and cell proliferation, which could be abolished by silence of Nox1 gene, suggesting that ET1-induced inhibition of NADPH oxidase activity was mediated by Nox1. Furthermore, RNA interference silence of ETB1 receptors significantly increased NADPH oxidase activity, and blocked the inhibitory effect of ET1 on NADPH oxidase activity. Activation of ETB1 receptors by ET1 suppressed protein phosphorylation of pyk2 (Y402) and Rac1, suggesting that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity via ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1 pathway. Indeed, inhibition of Pyk2 by AG-17 abolished ET1-induced suppression of NADPH oxidase activity. ET1 also attenuated angiotensin II-induced activation of NADPH oxidase and cell proliferation. This study demonstrated, for the first time, that ET1, via ETB1, inhibited NADPH oxidase activity in HAAECs by suppressing the Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. This finding reveals a novel function of ETB1 receptors in regulating endothelial NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide production, and cell proliferation, opening a new avenue for understanding the role of ETB1 receptors in protecting endothelial cells.",
author = "Dammanahalli, {Jagadeesha K.} and Zhongjie Sun",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1210/en.2008-0199",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "149",
pages = "4979--4987",
journal = "Endocrinology",
issn = "0013-7227",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Endothelin (ET)-1 inhibits nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells

T2 - A novel function of ETB1 receptors

AU - Dammanahalli, Jagadeesha K.

AU - Sun, Zhongjie

PY - 2008/10/1

Y1 - 2008/10/1

N2 - Endothelin (ET)-1 stimulates nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases and increases superoxide production in some cells such as vascular smooth muscle cells. Here, we reported that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide generation, and cell proliferation in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells (HAAECs) via the ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. Superoxide production was determined by assessing ethidium fluorescence using flow cytometry in HAAECs exposed to ET1 (10-30 nM) at different time intervals. ET1 significantly decreased superoxide production in HAAECs in the presence of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, indicating that ET1 suppressed superoxide generation independent of nitric oxide synthase. ET1 significantly attenuated NADPH oxidase activity and cell proliferation, which could be abolished by silence of Nox1 gene, suggesting that ET1-induced inhibition of NADPH oxidase activity was mediated by Nox1. Furthermore, RNA interference silence of ETB1 receptors significantly increased NADPH oxidase activity, and blocked the inhibitory effect of ET1 on NADPH oxidase activity. Activation of ETB1 receptors by ET1 suppressed protein phosphorylation of pyk2 (Y402) and Rac1, suggesting that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity via ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1 pathway. Indeed, inhibition of Pyk2 by AG-17 abolished ET1-induced suppression of NADPH oxidase activity. ET1 also attenuated angiotensin II-induced activation of NADPH oxidase and cell proliferation. This study demonstrated, for the first time, that ET1, via ETB1, inhibited NADPH oxidase activity in HAAECs by suppressing the Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. This finding reveals a novel function of ETB1 receptors in regulating endothelial NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide production, and cell proliferation, opening a new avenue for understanding the role of ETB1 receptors in protecting endothelial cells.

AB - Endothelin (ET)-1 stimulates nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases and increases superoxide production in some cells such as vascular smooth muscle cells. Here, we reported that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide generation, and cell proliferation in human abdominal aortic endothelial cells (HAAECs) via the ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. Superoxide production was determined by assessing ethidium fluorescence using flow cytometry in HAAECs exposed to ET1 (10-30 nM) at different time intervals. ET1 significantly decreased superoxide production in HAAECs in the presence of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, indicating that ET1 suppressed superoxide generation independent of nitric oxide synthase. ET1 significantly attenuated NADPH oxidase activity and cell proliferation, which could be abolished by silence of Nox1 gene, suggesting that ET1-induced inhibition of NADPH oxidase activity was mediated by Nox1. Furthermore, RNA interference silence of ETB1 receptors significantly increased NADPH oxidase activity, and blocked the inhibitory effect of ET1 on NADPH oxidase activity. Activation of ETB1 receptors by ET1 suppressed protein phosphorylation of pyk2 (Y402) and Rac1, suggesting that ET1 inhibited NADPH oxidase activity via ETB1-Pyk2-Rac1 pathway. Indeed, inhibition of Pyk2 by AG-17 abolished ET1-induced suppression of NADPH oxidase activity. ET1 also attenuated angiotensin II-induced activation of NADPH oxidase and cell proliferation. This study demonstrated, for the first time, that ET1, via ETB1, inhibited NADPH oxidase activity in HAAECs by suppressing the Pyk2-Rac1-Nox1 pathway. This finding reveals a novel function of ETB1 receptors in regulating endothelial NADPH oxidase activity, superoxide production, and cell proliferation, opening a new avenue for understanding the role of ETB1 receptors in protecting endothelial cells.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=53249123178&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=53249123178&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1210/en.2008-0199

DO - 10.1210/en.2008-0199

M3 - Article

VL - 149

SP - 4979

EP - 4987

JO - Endocrinology

JF - Endocrinology

SN - 0013-7227

IS - 10

ER -