Ethanol interactions with calcium-dependent potassium channels

Mark S. Brodie, Andreas Scholz, Thomas M. Weiger, Alejandro Dopico

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In most neurons and other excitable cells, calcium-activated potassium channels of small (SK) and large conductance (BK; MaxiK) control excitability and neurotransmitter release. The spontaneous activity of dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area is increased by ethanol. This ethanol excitation is potentiated by selective blockade of SK, indicating that SK channels modulate ethanol stimulation of neurons that are critical in reward and reinforcement. On the other hand, ethanol directly modulates BK channel activity in a variety of systems, including rat neurohypophysial nerve endings, primary sensory dorsal root ganglia, nucleus accumbens neurons, Caenorhabditis elegans type-IV dopaminergic CEP neurons, and nonneuronal preparations, such as rat pituitary cells, cerebrovascular myocytes and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Ethanol action on BK channels can modify neuropeptide and growth hormone release, nociception, cerebrovascular tone, and endothelial proliferation. Ethanol modulates BK channels even when the drug is evaluated using recombinant BK channel-forming α (slo) subunits or channel reconstitution in artificial, binary lipid bilayers, indicating that the slo subunit and its immediate lipid microenvironment are the essential targets of ethanol. Consistent with this, single amino acid slo channel mutants display altered ethanol sensitivity. Furthermore, C. elegans slo1 null mutants are resistant to ethanol-induced motor incoordination. On the other hand, Drosophila melanogaster slo null mutants fail to acquire acute tolerance to ethanol sedation. Ethanol action on slo channels, however, may be tuned by a variety of factors, including posttranslational modification of slo subunits, coexpression of channel accessory subunits, and the lipid microenvironment, resulting in increase, refractoriness, or even decrease in channel activity. In brief, both SK and BK channels are important targets of ethanol throughout the body, and interference with ethanol effects on these channels could form the basis for novel pharmacotherapies to ameliorate the actions or consequences of alcohol abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1625-1632
Number of pages8
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Ethanol
Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Neurons
Dopaminergic Neurons
Caenorhabditis elegans
Rats
Small-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Sensory Ganglia
Lipids
Drug therapy
Ventral Tegmental Area
Lipid bilayers
Nociception
Nerve Endings
Endothelial cells
Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Nucleus Accumbens
Accessories
Spinal Ganglia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Ethanol interactions with calcium-dependent potassium channels. / Brodie, Mark S.; Scholz, Andreas; Weiger, Thomas M.; Dopico, Alejandro.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 31, No. 10, 01.10.2007, p. 1625-1632.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Brodie, Mark S. ; Scholz, Andreas ; Weiger, Thomas M. ; Dopico, Alejandro. / Ethanol interactions with calcium-dependent potassium channels. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2007 ; Vol. 31, No. 10. pp. 1625-1632.
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N2 - In most neurons and other excitable cells, calcium-activated potassium channels of small (SK) and large conductance (BK; MaxiK) control excitability and neurotransmitter release. The spontaneous activity of dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area is increased by ethanol. This ethanol excitation is potentiated by selective blockade of SK, indicating that SK channels modulate ethanol stimulation of neurons that are critical in reward and reinforcement. On the other hand, ethanol directly modulates BK channel activity in a variety of systems, including rat neurohypophysial nerve endings, primary sensory dorsal root ganglia, nucleus accumbens neurons, Caenorhabditis elegans type-IV dopaminergic CEP neurons, and nonneuronal preparations, such as rat pituitary cells, cerebrovascular myocytes and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Ethanol action on BK channels can modify neuropeptide and growth hormone release, nociception, cerebrovascular tone, and endothelial proliferation. Ethanol modulates BK channels even when the drug is evaluated using recombinant BK channel-forming α (slo) subunits or channel reconstitution in artificial, binary lipid bilayers, indicating that the slo subunit and its immediate lipid microenvironment are the essential targets of ethanol. Consistent with this, single amino acid slo channel mutants display altered ethanol sensitivity. Furthermore, C. elegans slo1 null mutants are resistant to ethanol-induced motor incoordination. On the other hand, Drosophila melanogaster slo null mutants fail to acquire acute tolerance to ethanol sedation. Ethanol action on slo channels, however, may be tuned by a variety of factors, including posttranslational modification of slo subunits, coexpression of channel accessory subunits, and the lipid microenvironment, resulting in increase, refractoriness, or even decrease in channel activity. In brief, both SK and BK channels are important targets of ethanol throughout the body, and interference with ethanol effects on these channels could form the basis for novel pharmacotherapies to ameliorate the actions or consequences of alcohol abuse.

AB - In most neurons and other excitable cells, calcium-activated potassium channels of small (SK) and large conductance (BK; MaxiK) control excitability and neurotransmitter release. The spontaneous activity of dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area is increased by ethanol. This ethanol excitation is potentiated by selective blockade of SK, indicating that SK channels modulate ethanol stimulation of neurons that are critical in reward and reinforcement. On the other hand, ethanol directly modulates BK channel activity in a variety of systems, including rat neurohypophysial nerve endings, primary sensory dorsal root ganglia, nucleus accumbens neurons, Caenorhabditis elegans type-IV dopaminergic CEP neurons, and nonneuronal preparations, such as rat pituitary cells, cerebrovascular myocytes and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Ethanol action on BK channels can modify neuropeptide and growth hormone release, nociception, cerebrovascular tone, and endothelial proliferation. Ethanol modulates BK channels even when the drug is evaluated using recombinant BK channel-forming α (slo) subunits or channel reconstitution in artificial, binary lipid bilayers, indicating that the slo subunit and its immediate lipid microenvironment are the essential targets of ethanol. Consistent with this, single amino acid slo channel mutants display altered ethanol sensitivity. Furthermore, C. elegans slo1 null mutants are resistant to ethanol-induced motor incoordination. On the other hand, Drosophila melanogaster slo null mutants fail to acquire acute tolerance to ethanol sedation. Ethanol action on slo channels, however, may be tuned by a variety of factors, including posttranslational modification of slo subunits, coexpression of channel accessory subunits, and the lipid microenvironment, resulting in increase, refractoriness, or even decrease in channel activity. In brief, both SK and BK channels are important targets of ethanol throughout the body, and interference with ethanol effects on these channels could form the basis for novel pharmacotherapies to ameliorate the actions or consequences of alcohol abuse.

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