Ethanol Modulates the Hormone Secretory Responses Induced by Epidermal Growth Factor in Choriocarcinoma Cells

Jay Wimalasena, Faith Beams, Michael Caudle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Analysis of clinical data has implicated ethanol (EtOH) as an embryotoxic agent and as an agent that disrupts normal placental structure and function. Because epidermal growth factor (EGF) is an important regulator of placental function, we have studied the effects of EtOH on EGF‐induced hormone secretion using JEG‐3 choriocarcinoma cells that serve as a model for trophoblast cells. EtOH at physiological (5‐100 mm) concentrations modulated effects of EGF in a time and dose‐dependent manner. EGF‐induced P4 secretion was increased by 20–100 mM EtOH after a 2‐day pretreatment of cells with EtOH, but not after a 6‐day pretreatment. Preincubation with 50 mM EtOH doubled the P4 responses to 50 and 100 ng/ml EGF. Although a 2‐ or 4‐day preincubation of cells with 10–50 mM EtOH increased the secretion of E2 in response to 20 ng/ml EGF, a 6‐day preincubation inhibited the secretory response to EGF. Pretreatment of cells with 10–50 mm, but not 100 mm EtOH for 2 to 6 days enhanced the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secretory response to EGF. At 50 mm EtOH, the secretion of hCG in response to EGF was increased 2‐fold. EtOH also increased basal hCG secretion in a dose‐dependent manner between 10–50 mm EtOH. These results suggest that EtOH may modulate EGF‐stimulated hormone secretion from cells of placental origin. Such alterations, if they occur in vivo, may impact on the function of the placenta and could potentially explain the pathophysiology of alcohol toxicity during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1448-1455
Number of pages8
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Choriocarcinoma
Epidermal Growth Factor
Ethanol
Hormones
Chorionic Gonadotropin
Cells
Trophoblasts
Placenta
Toxicity
Alcohols
Pregnancy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Ethanol Modulates the Hormone Secretory Responses Induced by Epidermal Growth Factor in Choriocarcinoma Cells. / Wimalasena, Jay; Beams, Faith; Caudle, Michael.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 18, No. 6, 01.01.1994, p. 1448-1455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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