Evaluation of detecting proximal caries in posterior teeth via visual inspection, digital bitewing radiography and near-infrared light transillumination

Jan Kuhnisch, Gerrit Schaefer, Vlnay Pitchika, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Reinhard Hickel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This prospectively designed, non-validated in vivo diagnostic study compared the results of visual examination, digital bitewing (BW) radiography and near-infrared light transillumination (NIR-LT, DIAGNOcam) on proximal caries detection in posterior teeth. Methods: A total of 203 subjects (122 men/81 women; mean age, 23.0 years) were included. All subjects were visually examined according to the standards by the World Health Organization and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. In addition, digital BW radiographs were performed. NIR-LT images were captured from all posterior teeth. All BWs and NIR-LT images were blindly evaluated for the presence of enamel caries lesions (ECLs) and dentin caries lesions (DCLs). No histological validation was performed due to the impossibility to investigate healthy surfaces and non-cavitated caries lesions invasively. The statistical analysis included both descriptive and exploratory data evaluations. Results: The diagnostic outcome differed for each method. Compared with BW radiography (8.0 surfaces) and NIR-LT (10.5 surfaces), visual examination revealed the fewest caries-related findings (4.2 surfaces). BW radiography or NIR-LT detected either 86.2% or 89.6% of all ECLs/DCLs in posterior teeth alone. When combining visual examination with NIR-LT, 70.9% of all ECLs/DCLs were similarly detected; when visual examination and BW radiography were combined, this proportion was lower (52.6%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Volume32
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

Bitewing Radiography
Transillumination
Radiographic Image Enhancement
Tooth
Dentin
Dental Enamel
Light

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Evaluation of detecting proximal caries in posterior teeth via visual inspection, digital bitewing radiography and near-infrared light transillumination. / Kuhnisch, Jan; Schaefer, Gerrit; Pitchika, Vlnay; Garcia-Godoy, Franklin; Hickel, Reinhard.

In: American journal of dentistry, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.04.2019, p. 74-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{048d1f2cf24d4c36a8bfb8fd15b109e7,
title = "Evaluation of detecting proximal caries in posterior teeth via visual inspection, digital bitewing radiography and near-infrared light transillumination",
abstract = "Purpose: This prospectively designed, non-validated in vivo diagnostic study compared the results of visual examination, digital bitewing (BW) radiography and near-infrared light transillumination (NIR-LT, DIAGNOcam) on proximal caries detection in posterior teeth. Methods: A total of 203 subjects (122 men/81 women; mean age, 23.0 years) were included. All subjects were visually examined according to the standards by the World Health Organization and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. In addition, digital BW radiographs were performed. NIR-LT images were captured from all posterior teeth. All BWs and NIR-LT images were blindly evaluated for the presence of enamel caries lesions (ECLs) and dentin caries lesions (DCLs). No histological validation was performed due to the impossibility to investigate healthy surfaces and non-cavitated caries lesions invasively. The statistical analysis included both descriptive and exploratory data evaluations. Results: The diagnostic outcome differed for each method. Compared with BW radiography (8.0 surfaces) and NIR-LT (10.5 surfaces), visual examination revealed the fewest caries-related findings (4.2 surfaces). BW radiography or NIR-LT detected either 86.2{\%} or 89.6{\%} of all ECLs/DCLs in posterior teeth alone. When combining visual examination with NIR-LT, 70.9{\%} of all ECLs/DCLs were similarly detected; when visual examination and BW radiography were combined, this proportion was lower (52.6{\%}).",
author = "Jan Kuhnisch and Gerrit Schaefer and Vlnay Pitchika and Franklin Garcia-Godoy and Reinhard Hickel",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "74--80",
journal = "American Journal of Dentistry",
issn = "0894-8275",
publisher = "Mosher and Linder, Inc",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of detecting proximal caries in posterior teeth via visual inspection, digital bitewing radiography and near-infrared light transillumination

AU - Kuhnisch, Jan

AU - Schaefer, Gerrit

AU - Pitchika, Vlnay

AU - Garcia-Godoy, Franklin

AU - Hickel, Reinhard

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Purpose: This prospectively designed, non-validated in vivo diagnostic study compared the results of visual examination, digital bitewing (BW) radiography and near-infrared light transillumination (NIR-LT, DIAGNOcam) on proximal caries detection in posterior teeth. Methods: A total of 203 subjects (122 men/81 women; mean age, 23.0 years) were included. All subjects were visually examined according to the standards by the World Health Organization and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. In addition, digital BW radiographs were performed. NIR-LT images were captured from all posterior teeth. All BWs and NIR-LT images were blindly evaluated for the presence of enamel caries lesions (ECLs) and dentin caries lesions (DCLs). No histological validation was performed due to the impossibility to investigate healthy surfaces and non-cavitated caries lesions invasively. The statistical analysis included both descriptive and exploratory data evaluations. Results: The diagnostic outcome differed for each method. Compared with BW radiography (8.0 surfaces) and NIR-LT (10.5 surfaces), visual examination revealed the fewest caries-related findings (4.2 surfaces). BW radiography or NIR-LT detected either 86.2% or 89.6% of all ECLs/DCLs in posterior teeth alone. When combining visual examination with NIR-LT, 70.9% of all ECLs/DCLs were similarly detected; when visual examination and BW radiography were combined, this proportion was lower (52.6%).

AB - Purpose: This prospectively designed, non-validated in vivo diagnostic study compared the results of visual examination, digital bitewing (BW) radiography and near-infrared light transillumination (NIR-LT, DIAGNOcam) on proximal caries detection in posterior teeth. Methods: A total of 203 subjects (122 men/81 women; mean age, 23.0 years) were included. All subjects were visually examined according to the standards by the World Health Organization and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. In addition, digital BW radiographs were performed. NIR-LT images were captured from all posterior teeth. All BWs and NIR-LT images were blindly evaluated for the presence of enamel caries lesions (ECLs) and dentin caries lesions (DCLs). No histological validation was performed due to the impossibility to investigate healthy surfaces and non-cavitated caries lesions invasively. The statistical analysis included both descriptive and exploratory data evaluations. Results: The diagnostic outcome differed for each method. Compared with BW radiography (8.0 surfaces) and NIR-LT (10.5 surfaces), visual examination revealed the fewest caries-related findings (4.2 surfaces). BW radiography or NIR-LT detected either 86.2% or 89.6% of all ECLs/DCLs in posterior teeth alone. When combining visual examination with NIR-LT, 70.9% of all ECLs/DCLs were similarly detected; when visual examination and BW radiography were combined, this proportion was lower (52.6%).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066141941&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066141941&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 74

EP - 80

JO - American Journal of Dentistry

JF - American Journal of Dentistry

SN - 0894-8275

IS - 2

ER -