Evaluation of three different dental implants in ligature-induced peri-implantitis in the beagle dog. part i. clinical evaluation

Heinrich W.S. Tillmanns, Joachim S. Hermann, David Cagna, Ann V. Burgess, Roland M. Meffert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate experimental peri-implant breakdown. Hydroxyapatite-coated, titanium plasma-sprayed, and machined titanium-alloy surfaces were investigated. Eighty-four implants were placed in 14 beagle dogs. Pocket probing depths and clinical attachment level and mobility measurements were made. Dogs were sacrificed at 3 and 6 months. All experimental implants showed a significant loss in clinical attachment level (P < .05). Increased pocket probing depths for experimental implants occurred during the first 2 months, after which a plateau was reached. At the 3- and 6-month evaluation, pocket probing depths at experimental implants were significantly increased (P < .05). No differences among the three implant types were noted for clinical attachment levels and pocket probing depths. In general, greater mobility was found with the titanium-alloy implants than with hydroxyapatite-coated and titanium plasma-sprayed implants (P < .025). In addition, mobility measurements were significantly greater for experimental titanium-alloy implants during the first 3 months (P < .05). Clinical attachment level measurements were most sensitive to peri-implant status. All implants were equally susceptible to ligature-induced peri-implant breakdown. Consequently, meticulous oral hygiene and regular maintenance care are prerequisites for successful implantology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-620
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Volume12
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Peri-Implantitis
Experimental Implants
Dental Implants
Titanium
Ligation
Dogs
Durapatite
Oral Hygiene
Maintenance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Evaluation of three different dental implants in ligature-induced peri-implantitis in the beagle dog. part i. clinical evaluation. / Tillmanns, Heinrich W.S.; Hermann, Joachim S.; Cagna, David; Burgess, Ann V.; Meffert, Roland M.

In: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, Vol. 12, No. 5, 01.01.1997, p. 611-620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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