Examining social influence on participation and outcomes among a network of behavioral weight-loss intervention enrollees

T. L. Carson, K. E. Eddings, Rebecca Krukowski, S. J. Love, J. R. Harvey-Berino, D. S. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research suggests that social networks, social support, and social influence are associated with weight trajectories among treatment- and non-treatment-seeking individuals. This study examined the impact of having a social contact who participated in the same group behavioral weight-control intervention in the absence of specific social support training on women engaged in a weight-loss program. Participants (n=92; 100% female; 54% black; mean age: 46±10 years; mean BMI: 38±6) were grouped based upon whether or not they reported a social contact enrolled previously/concurrently in our behavioral weight-control studies. Primary outcomes were 6-month weight change and treatment adherence (session attendance and self-monitoring). Half of the participants (53%) indicated that they had a social contact; black women were more likely to report a social contact than white women (67.3% versus 39.5%; P<0.01). Among participants with a social contact, 67% reported at least one contact as instrumental in the decision to enroll in the program. Those with a contact lost more weight (5.9 versus 3.7 kg; P=0.04), attended more group sessions (74% versus 54%; P<0.01), and submitted more self-monitoring journals (69% versus 54%; P=0.01) than those without a contact. Participants' weight change was inversely associated with social contacts' weight change (P=0.04). There was no association between participant and contact's group attendance or self-monitoring. Social networks may be a promising vehicle for recruiting and engaging women in a behavioral weight-loss program, particularly black women. The role of a natural social contact deserves further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number480630
JournalJournal of Obesity
Volume2013
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

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Weight Loss
Weights and Measures
Social Support
Weight Reduction Programs
Therapeutics
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Examining social influence on participation and outcomes among a network of behavioral weight-loss intervention enrollees. / Carson, T. L.; Eddings, K. E.; Krukowski, Rebecca; Love, S. J.; Harvey-Berino, J. R.; West, D. S.

In: Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2013, 480630, 01.07.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carson, T. L. ; Eddings, K. E. ; Krukowski, Rebecca ; Love, S. J. ; Harvey-Berino, J. R. ; West, D. S. / Examining social influence on participation and outcomes among a network of behavioral weight-loss intervention enrollees. In: Journal of Obesity. 2013 ; Vol. 2013.
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abstract = "Research suggests that social networks, social support, and social influence are associated with weight trajectories among treatment- and non-treatment-seeking individuals. This study examined the impact of having a social contact who participated in the same group behavioral weight-control intervention in the absence of specific social support training on women engaged in a weight-loss program. Participants (n=92; 100{\%} female; 54{\%} black; mean age: 46±10 years; mean BMI: 38±6) were grouped based upon whether or not they reported a social contact enrolled previously/concurrently in our behavioral weight-control studies. Primary outcomes were 6-month weight change and treatment adherence (session attendance and self-monitoring). Half of the participants (53{\%}) indicated that they had a social contact; black women were more likely to report a social contact than white women (67.3{\%} versus 39.5{\%}; P<0.01). Among participants with a social contact, 67{\%} reported at least one contact as instrumental in the decision to enroll in the program. Those with a contact lost more weight (5.9 versus 3.7 kg; P=0.04), attended more group sessions (74{\%} versus 54{\%}; P<0.01), and submitted more self-monitoring journals (69{\%} versus 54{\%}; P=0.01) than those without a contact. Participants' weight change was inversely associated with social contacts' weight change (P=0.04). There was no association between participant and contact's group attendance or self-monitoring. Social networks may be a promising vehicle for recruiting and engaging women in a behavioral weight-loss program, particularly black women. The role of a natural social contact deserves further investigation.",
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