First year growth of preterm infants fed standard compared to marine oil n-3 supplemented formula

Susan E. Carlson, Richard J. Cooke, Susan H. Werkman, Elizabeth Tolley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

276 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (748-1390 g, n=65) were randomly assigned to receive control or marine oil-supplemented formula when they achieved intakes >454 kJ (110 kcal)/kg/d of a formula designed for VLBW infants. Study formulas with or without marine oil were provided until 79 wk of postconceptional age (PCA), first in a formula designed for preterm infants followed by a formula designed for term infants. Infants were studied at regular intervals through 92 wk PCA. Weight, length, and head circumference were determined by standardized prodedures and normalized to the National Center for Health Statistics figures for growth of infants born at term of the same age and gender. Mean normalized weight, weight-to-length, and head circumference were greatest at 48 wk and decreased thereafter. The decline in normalized weight was greater in infants fed the marine oil-supplemented formula. Beginning at 40 wk, marine oil-supplemented infants compared to controls had significantly poorer Z-scores for weight, length and head circumference. In addition, birth order (negatively) and maternal height (positively) influenced weight and length achievement in infancy as shown previously in infants born at term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-907
Number of pages7
JournalLipids
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1992

Fingerprint

Premature Infants
Oils
head circumference
Weights and Measures
oils
Growth
Very Low Birth Weight Infant
low birth weight
Head
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
infant growth
Birth Order
Health
Statistics
infancy
Mothers
gender

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

First year growth of preterm infants fed standard compared to marine oil n-3 supplemented formula. / Carlson, Susan E.; Cooke, Richard J.; Werkman, Susan H.; Tolley, Elizabeth.

In: Lipids, Vol. 27, No. 11, 01.11.1992, p. 901-907.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carlson, Susan E. ; Cooke, Richard J. ; Werkman, Susan H. ; Tolley, Elizabeth. / First year growth of preterm infants fed standard compared to marine oil n-3 supplemented formula. In: Lipids. 1992 ; Vol. 27, No. 11. pp. 901-907.
@article{117c7d76c1174f6780da427be4de70ea,
title = "First year growth of preterm infants fed standard compared to marine oil n-3 supplemented formula",
abstract = "Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (748-1390 g, n=65) were randomly assigned to receive control or marine oil-supplemented formula when they achieved intakes >454 kJ (110 kcal)/kg/d of a formula designed for VLBW infants. Study formulas with or without marine oil were provided until 79 wk of postconceptional age (PCA), first in a formula designed for preterm infants followed by a formula designed for term infants. Infants were studied at regular intervals through 92 wk PCA. Weight, length, and head circumference were determined by standardized prodedures and normalized to the National Center for Health Statistics figures for growth of infants born at term of the same age and gender. Mean normalized weight, weight-to-length, and head circumference were greatest at 48 wk and decreased thereafter. The decline in normalized weight was greater in infants fed the marine oil-supplemented formula. Beginning at 40 wk, marine oil-supplemented infants compared to controls had significantly poorer Z-scores for weight, length and head circumference. In addition, birth order (negatively) and maternal height (positively) influenced weight and length achievement in infancy as shown previously in infants born at term.",
author = "Carlson, {Susan E.} and Cooke, {Richard J.} and Werkman, {Susan H.} and Elizabeth Tolley",
year = "1992",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF02535870",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "901--907",
journal = "Lipids",
issn = "0024-4201",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - First year growth of preterm infants fed standard compared to marine oil n-3 supplemented formula

AU - Carlson, Susan E.

AU - Cooke, Richard J.

AU - Werkman, Susan H.

AU - Tolley, Elizabeth

PY - 1992/11/1

Y1 - 1992/11/1

N2 - Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (748-1390 g, n=65) were randomly assigned to receive control or marine oil-supplemented formula when they achieved intakes >454 kJ (110 kcal)/kg/d of a formula designed for VLBW infants. Study formulas with or without marine oil were provided until 79 wk of postconceptional age (PCA), first in a formula designed for preterm infants followed by a formula designed for term infants. Infants were studied at regular intervals through 92 wk PCA. Weight, length, and head circumference were determined by standardized prodedures and normalized to the National Center for Health Statistics figures for growth of infants born at term of the same age and gender. Mean normalized weight, weight-to-length, and head circumference were greatest at 48 wk and decreased thereafter. The decline in normalized weight was greater in infants fed the marine oil-supplemented formula. Beginning at 40 wk, marine oil-supplemented infants compared to controls had significantly poorer Z-scores for weight, length and head circumference. In addition, birth order (negatively) and maternal height (positively) influenced weight and length achievement in infancy as shown previously in infants born at term.

AB - Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (748-1390 g, n=65) were randomly assigned to receive control or marine oil-supplemented formula when they achieved intakes >454 kJ (110 kcal)/kg/d of a formula designed for VLBW infants. Study formulas with or without marine oil were provided until 79 wk of postconceptional age (PCA), first in a formula designed for preterm infants followed by a formula designed for term infants. Infants were studied at regular intervals through 92 wk PCA. Weight, length, and head circumference were determined by standardized prodedures and normalized to the National Center for Health Statistics figures for growth of infants born at term of the same age and gender. Mean normalized weight, weight-to-length, and head circumference were greatest at 48 wk and decreased thereafter. The decline in normalized weight was greater in infants fed the marine oil-supplemented formula. Beginning at 40 wk, marine oil-supplemented infants compared to controls had significantly poorer Z-scores for weight, length and head circumference. In addition, birth order (negatively) and maternal height (positively) influenced weight and length achievement in infancy as shown previously in infants born at term.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026468949&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026468949&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02535870

DO - 10.1007/BF02535870

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 901

EP - 907

JO - Lipids

JF - Lipids

SN - 0024-4201

IS - 11

ER -