Food sources of calcium in a sample of African-American and Euro-American collegiate athletes

D. Leachman Slawson, B. S. McClanahan, L. H. Clemens, K. D. Ward, R. C. Klesges, C. M. Vukadinovich, E. D. Cantler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adequate calcium intake is integral to bone health as well as for optimal athletic performance. This study was conducted to investigate: (a) food sources of calcium in a sample of collegiate athletes, (b) gender and/or ethnic differences in food sources of calcium, and (c) whether athletes that derive less of their calcium intake from dairy sources increase their calcium intake from supplements or other food sources. Participants were African-American and Euro-American NCAA Division 1-A athletes. Eighty-five men and 59 women participated. Calcium intake for the previous 7-day period was assessed with a brief calcium screen. Men consumed significantly more calcium than women (1,354 vs. 898 mg/day), with female cross-country runners exhibiting the lowest average intake (605 mg/day). Both men and women obtained the majority of their calcium from dairy products and mixed dishes, while men consumed significantly more calcium-fortified foods. Several gender and ethnic interactions for calcium intake from food groups were found. Mean total dairy calcium intake was found to vary according to total calcium intake in men, and supplemental calcium was not used to augment low dairy intakes of calcium in any group. While African-Americans and Euro-Americans athletes were consuming similar levels of calcium, the female athletes in the sample did not get adequate amounts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 3 2001

Fingerprint

athletes
African Americans
Athletes
Calcium
calcium
Food
sampling
dairies
Fortified Food
dairy consumption
ethnic differences
athletic performance
fortified foods
Athletic Performance
Dairy Products
gender
food groups
dairy products

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Leachman Slawson, D., McClanahan, B. S., Clemens, L. H., Ward, K. D., Klesges, R. C., Vukadinovich, C. M., & Cantler, E. D. (2001). Food sources of calcium in a sample of African-American and Euro-American collegiate athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition, 11(2), 199-208.

Food sources of calcium in a sample of African-American and Euro-American collegiate athletes. / Leachman Slawson, D.; McClanahan, B. S.; Clemens, L. H.; Ward, K. D.; Klesges, R. C.; Vukadinovich, C. M.; Cantler, E. D.

In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition, Vol. 11, No. 2, 03.07.2001, p. 199-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leachman Slawson, D, McClanahan, BS, Clemens, LH, Ward, KD, Klesges, RC, Vukadinovich, CM & Cantler, ED 2001, 'Food sources of calcium in a sample of African-American and Euro-American collegiate athletes', International Journal of Sport Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 199-208.
Leachman Slawson D, McClanahan BS, Clemens LH, Ward KD, Klesges RC, Vukadinovich CM et al. Food sources of calcium in a sample of African-American and Euro-American collegiate athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition. 2001 Jul 3;11(2):199-208.
Leachman Slawson, D. ; McClanahan, B. S. ; Clemens, L. H. ; Ward, K. D. ; Klesges, R. C. ; Vukadinovich, C. M. ; Cantler, E. D. / Food sources of calcium in a sample of African-American and Euro-American collegiate athletes. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition. 2001 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 199-208.
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