Gender and ethnic differences in young adolescents' sources of cigarettes

Leslie A. Robinson, Robert Klesges, Susan M. Zbikowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To identify the sources used by young adolescents to obtain cigarettes. Design - In early 1994 a survey assessing usual sources of cigarettes and characteristics of the respondents was administered in homeroom classes. Setting - A large urban, predominantly African American school system. Subjects - A population-based sample of 6967 seventh graders averaging 13 years of age. Main outcome measure - Reports of usual sources of cigarettes. Results - At this age level, young smokers were more likely to get cigarettes from friends (31.2%) than buy them in stores (14.3%). However, the odds of purchasing varied for different groups of children. Regular smokers were much more likely (48.3%) to have purchased cigarettes than experimental smokers (9.6%), p<0.001. Girls were less likely to have bought their cigarettes than boys (p<0.001), and black smokers were less likely to have purchased cigarettes than white children (p<0.001). Results suggested that family members who smoke may constitute a more important source of tobacco products than previously recognised, particularly for young girls. Conclusions - In this middle-school sample, peers provided the major point of cigarette distribution. However, even at this age, direct purchase was not uncommon. Sources of cigarettes varied significantly with gender, ethnicity, and smoking rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-359
Number of pages7
JournalTobacco Control
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Tobacco Products
adolescent
gender
school system
nicotine
family member
purchase
smoking
ethnicity
Group
Smoke
African Americans
Smoking
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
American

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Gender and ethnic differences in young adolescents' sources of cigarettes. / Robinson, Leslie A.; Klesges, Robert; Zbikowski, Susan M.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 7, No. 4, 01.01.1998, p. 353-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Robinson, Leslie A. ; Klesges, Robert ; Zbikowski, Susan M. / Gender and ethnic differences in young adolescents' sources of cigarettes. In: Tobacco Control. 1998 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 353-359.
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