Gender, smoking status, and risk behavior attitudes explain adolescents' patterns of nicotine replacement therapy use

William T. Dalton, Lisa M. Klesges, Laura Henderson, Grant Somes, Leslie Robinson, Karen Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Treatment studies provide minimal support for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with youth; however, survey studies suggest that adolescents use NRT, and may engage in inappropriate use. The current study sought to examine patterns of NRT use and risk factors for use to further aid smoking cessation efforts including prevention of potential misuse. In-school surveys assessing socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with NRT use, gum or patch, were completed by 4078, predominantly African American, high school students. Approximately 5% of students reported former or current use of NRT products: 42% gum, 29% patch, and 29% both gum and patch. Among smokers, 5.4% reported use of both NRT gum and patch, with exclusive use of gum twice as likely as exclusive use of the patch. Those with high-risk-taking attitudes were more likely than low-risk takers (3% vs. 1%) to report use of both products, with exclusive gum use more prevalent than patch use. A cumulative logit model revealed males, risk takers, and/or smokers were at greatest odds for NRT use. Among this adolescent sample, NRT gum was used more often than the patch. Adolescent males, risk takers, and/or smokers appear more likely to use NRT (gum and/or patch) compared to their counterparts, despite limited empirical support for effective use of these products as cessation aids among adolescents. Smoking cessation and prevention programs may emphasize appropriate NRT use, specifically within these populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Nicotine
Gingiva
Smoking
Therapeutics
Smoking Cessation
Students
Tobacco Use Cessation Products
African Americans
Logistic Models
Demography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Gender, smoking status, and risk behavior attitudes explain adolescents' patterns of nicotine replacement therapy use. / Dalton, William T.; Klesges, Lisa M.; Henderson, Laura; Somes, Grant; Robinson, Leslie; Johnson, Karen.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 35, No. 2, 01.02.2010, p. 147-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dalton, William T. ; Klesges, Lisa M. ; Henderson, Laura ; Somes, Grant ; Robinson, Leslie ; Johnson, Karen. / Gender, smoking status, and risk behavior attitudes explain adolescents' patterns of nicotine replacement therapy use. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2010 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 147-151.
@article{1480a9214241422d91c32b2460cd61b5,
title = "Gender, smoking status, and risk behavior attitudes explain adolescents' patterns of nicotine replacement therapy use",
abstract = "Treatment studies provide minimal support for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with youth; however, survey studies suggest that adolescents use NRT, and may engage in inappropriate use. The current study sought to examine patterns of NRT use and risk factors for use to further aid smoking cessation efforts including prevention of potential misuse. In-school surveys assessing socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with NRT use, gum or patch, were completed by 4078, predominantly African American, high school students. Approximately 5{\%} of students reported former or current use of NRT products: 42{\%} gum, 29{\%} patch, and 29{\%} both gum and patch. Among smokers, 5.4{\%} reported use of both NRT gum and patch, with exclusive use of gum twice as likely as exclusive use of the patch. Those with high-risk-taking attitudes were more likely than low-risk takers (3{\%} vs. 1{\%}) to report use of both products, with exclusive gum use more prevalent than patch use. A cumulative logit model revealed males, risk takers, and/or smokers were at greatest odds for NRT use. Among this adolescent sample, NRT gum was used more often than the patch. Adolescent males, risk takers, and/or smokers appear more likely to use NRT (gum and/or patch) compared to their counterparts, despite limited empirical support for effective use of these products as cessation aids among adolescents. Smoking cessation and prevention programs may emphasize appropriate NRT use, specifically within these populations.",
author = "Dalton, {William T.} and Klesges, {Lisa M.} and Laura Henderson and Grant Somes and Leslie Robinson and Karen Johnson",
year = "2010",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.024",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "147--151",
journal = "Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0306-4603",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender, smoking status, and risk behavior attitudes explain adolescents' patterns of nicotine replacement therapy use

AU - Dalton, William T.

AU - Klesges, Lisa M.

AU - Henderson, Laura

AU - Somes, Grant

AU - Robinson, Leslie

AU - Johnson, Karen

PY - 2010/2/1

Y1 - 2010/2/1

N2 - Treatment studies provide minimal support for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with youth; however, survey studies suggest that adolescents use NRT, and may engage in inappropriate use. The current study sought to examine patterns of NRT use and risk factors for use to further aid smoking cessation efforts including prevention of potential misuse. In-school surveys assessing socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with NRT use, gum or patch, were completed by 4078, predominantly African American, high school students. Approximately 5% of students reported former or current use of NRT products: 42% gum, 29% patch, and 29% both gum and patch. Among smokers, 5.4% reported use of both NRT gum and patch, with exclusive use of gum twice as likely as exclusive use of the patch. Those with high-risk-taking attitudes were more likely than low-risk takers (3% vs. 1%) to report use of both products, with exclusive gum use more prevalent than patch use. A cumulative logit model revealed males, risk takers, and/or smokers were at greatest odds for NRT use. Among this adolescent sample, NRT gum was used more often than the patch. Adolescent males, risk takers, and/or smokers appear more likely to use NRT (gum and/or patch) compared to their counterparts, despite limited empirical support for effective use of these products as cessation aids among adolescents. Smoking cessation and prevention programs may emphasize appropriate NRT use, specifically within these populations.

AB - Treatment studies provide minimal support for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with youth; however, survey studies suggest that adolescents use NRT, and may engage in inappropriate use. The current study sought to examine patterns of NRT use and risk factors for use to further aid smoking cessation efforts including prevention of potential misuse. In-school surveys assessing socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with NRT use, gum or patch, were completed by 4078, predominantly African American, high school students. Approximately 5% of students reported former or current use of NRT products: 42% gum, 29% patch, and 29% both gum and patch. Among smokers, 5.4% reported use of both NRT gum and patch, with exclusive use of gum twice as likely as exclusive use of the patch. Those with high-risk-taking attitudes were more likely than low-risk takers (3% vs. 1%) to report use of both products, with exclusive gum use more prevalent than patch use. A cumulative logit model revealed males, risk takers, and/or smokers were at greatest odds for NRT use. Among this adolescent sample, NRT gum was used more often than the patch. Adolescent males, risk takers, and/or smokers appear more likely to use NRT (gum and/or patch) compared to their counterparts, despite limited empirical support for effective use of these products as cessation aids among adolescents. Smoking cessation and prevention programs may emphasize appropriate NRT use, specifically within these populations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350776383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350776383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.024

DO - 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.024

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 147

EP - 151

JO - Addictive Behaviors

JF - Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0306-4603

IS - 2

ER -