Generation of vertical angular momentum in single, double, and triple-turn pirouette en dehors in ballet

Jemin Kim, Margaret A. Wilson, Kunal Singhal, Sarah Gamblin, Cha Young Suh, Young Hoo Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the vertical angular momentum generation strategies used by skilled ballet dancers in pirouette en dehors. Select kinematic parameters of the pirouette preparation (stance depth, vertical center-of-mass motion range, initial shoulder line position, shoulder line angular displacement, and maximum trunk twist angle) along with vertical angular momentum parameters during the turn (maximum momentums of the whole body and body parts, and duration and rate of generation) were obtained from nine skilled collegiate ballet dancers through a three-dimensional motion analysis and compared among three turn conditions (single, double, and triple). A one-way (‘turn’) multivariate analysis of variance of the kinematic parameters and angular momentum parameters of the whole body and a two-way analysis of variance (‘turn’ × ‘body’) of the maximum angular momentums of the body parts were conducted. Significant ‘turn’ effects were observed in the kinematic/angular momentum parameters (both the preparation and the turn) (p <  0.05). As the number of turns increased, skilled dancers generated larger vertical angular momentums by predominantly increasing the rate of momentum generation using rotation of the upper trunk and arms. The trail (closing) arm showed the largest contribution to whole-body angular momentum followed by the lead arm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-229
Number of pages15
JournalSports Biomechanics
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Biomechanical Phenomena
Arm
Human Body
Analysis of Variance
Articular Range of Motion
Multivariate Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Generation of vertical angular momentum in single, double, and triple-turn pirouette en dehors in ballet. / Kim, Jemin; Wilson, Margaret A.; Singhal, Kunal; Gamblin, Sarah; Suh, Cha Young; Kwon, Young Hoo.

In: Sports Biomechanics, Vol. 13, No. 3, 25.07.2014, p. 215-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Jemin ; Wilson, Margaret A. ; Singhal, Kunal ; Gamblin, Sarah ; Suh, Cha Young ; Kwon, Young Hoo. / Generation of vertical angular momentum in single, double, and triple-turn pirouette en dehors in ballet. In: Sports Biomechanics. 2014 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 215-229.
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