Genes involved in viral carcinogenesis and tumor initiation in hepatitis C virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma

Valeria Mas, Daniel Maluf, Kellie J. Archer, Kenneth Yanek, Xiangrong Kong, Laura Kulik, Chris E. Freise, Kim M. Olthoff, Rafik M. Ghobrial, Paula McIver, Robert Fisher

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Abstract

The role of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the pathogenesis of HCV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial. To understand the transition from benign to malignant, we studied the gene expression patterns in liver tissues at different stages, including normal, cirrhosis, and different HCC stages. We studied 108 liver tissue samples obtained from 88 distinct patients (41 HCV-cirrhotic tissues, 17 HCV-cirrhotic tissues from patients with HCC, and 47 HCV-HCC tissues). Differentially expressed genes (DEG) were studied by use of high-density oligonucleotide arrays. Among probe sets identified as differentially expressed via the F test, all pairwise comparisons were performed. Cirrhotic tissues with and without concomitant HCC were further evaluated, and a classifier was used to predict whether the tissue type was associated with HCC. Differential expression profiles were analyzed using Interaction Networks and Functional Analysis. Characteristic gene signatures were identified when normal tissue was compared with cirrhosis, cirrhosis with early HCC, and normal with HCC. Pathway analysis classified the cellular and biological functions of the DEG as related to cellular growth and proliferation, cell death and inflammatory disease in cirrhosis; cell death, cell cycle, DNA replication, and immune response in early HCCs; and cell death, cell growth and proliferation, cell cycle, and DNA repair in advanced HCCs. Characteristic gene signatures were identified at different stages of HCV-HCC progression. A set of genes were identified to predict whether the cirrhotic tissue was associated with HCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Medicine
Volume15
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

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Hepacivirus
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Carcinogenesis
Genes
Neoplasms
Fibrosis
Cell Death
Cell Cycle
Cell Proliferation
Liver
Chronic Hepatitis C
Growth
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
DNA Replication
DNA Repair
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Genes involved in viral carcinogenesis and tumor initiation in hepatitis C virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. / Mas, Valeria; Maluf, Daniel; Archer, Kellie J.; Yanek, Kenneth; Kong, Xiangrong; Kulik, Laura; Freise, Chris E.; Olthoff, Kim M.; Ghobrial, Rafik M.; McIver, Paula; Fisher, Robert.

In: Molecular Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 3-4, 01.03.2009, p. 85-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mas, V, Maluf, D, Archer, KJ, Yanek, K, Kong, X, Kulik, L, Freise, CE, Olthoff, KM, Ghobrial, RM, McIver, P & Fisher, R 2009, 'Genes involved in viral carcinogenesis and tumor initiation in hepatitis C virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma', Molecular Medicine, vol. 15, no. 3-4, pp. 85-94. https://doi.org/10.2119/molmed.2008.00110
Mas, Valeria ; Maluf, Daniel ; Archer, Kellie J. ; Yanek, Kenneth ; Kong, Xiangrong ; Kulik, Laura ; Freise, Chris E. ; Olthoff, Kim M. ; Ghobrial, Rafik M. ; McIver, Paula ; Fisher, Robert. / Genes involved in viral carcinogenesis and tumor initiation in hepatitis C virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. In: Molecular Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 15, No. 3-4. pp. 85-94.
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