Genetic analysis of barrel field size in the first somatosensory area (SI) in inbred and recombinant inbred strains of mice

Cheng X. Li, Xin Wei, Lu Lu, Jeremy L. Peirce, Robert Williams, Robert Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured the combined area of posterior medial barrel subfield (PMBSF) and anterior lateral barrel subfield (ALBSF) areas in four common inbred strains (C3H/HeJ, A/J, C57BL/6J, DBA/2J), B6D2F1, and ten recombinant inbred (RI) strains generated from C57BL/6J and DBA/2J progenitors (BXD) as an initial attempt to examine the genetic influences underlying natural variation in barrel field size in adult mice. These two subfields are associated with the representation of the whisker pad and sinus hairs on the contralateral face. Using cytochrome oxidase labeling to visualize the barrel field, we measured the size of the combined subfields in each mouse strain. We also measured body weight and brain weight in each strain. We report that DBA/2J mice have a larger combined PMBSF/ALBSF area (6.15 ± 0.10 mm2, n = 7) than C57BL/6J (5.48 ± 0.13 mm2, n =10), C3H/HeJ (5.37 ± 0.16 mm2, n = 10), and A/J mice (5.04 ± 0.09 mm2, n = 15), despite the fact that DBA/2J mice have smaller average brain and body sizes. This finding may reflect dissociation between systems that control brain size with those that regulate barrel field area. In addition, BXD strains (average n = 4) and parental strains showed considerable and continuous variation in PMBSF/ALBSF area, suggesting that this trait is polygenic. Furthermore, brain, body, and cortex weights have heritable differences between inbred strains and among BXD strains. PMBSF/ALBSF pattern appears similar among inbred and BXD strains, suggesting that somatosensory patterning reflects a common plan of organization. This data is an important first step in the quantitative genetic analysis of the parcellation of neocortex into diverse cytoarchitectonic zones that vary widely within and between species, and in identifying the genetic factors underlying barrel field size using quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalSomatosensory and Motor Research
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

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Inbred Strains Mice
Inbred DBA Mouse
Brain
Body Weight
Multifactorial Inheritance
Vibrissae
Quantitative Trait Loci
Neocortex
Body Size
Electron Transport Complex IV
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Genetic analysis of barrel field size in the first somatosensory area (SI) in inbred and recombinant inbred strains of mice. / Li, Cheng X.; Wei, Xin; Lu, Lu; Peirce, Jeremy L.; Williams, Robert; Waters, Robert.

In: Somatosensory and Motor Research, Vol. 22, No. 3, 01.09.2005, p. 141-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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