GPRC6A regulates prostate cancer progression

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND GPRC6A is a nutrient sensing GPCR that is activated in vitro by a variety of ligands, including amino acids, calcium, zinc, osteocalcin (OC), and testosterone. The association between nutritional factors and risk of prostate cancer, the finding of increased expression of OC in prostate cancer cells, and the association between GPRC6A and risk of prostate cancer in Japanese men implicates a role of GPRC6A in prostate cancer. METHODS We examined if GPRC6A is expressed in human prostate cancer cell lines and used siRNA-mediated knockdown GPRC6A expression in prostate cancer cells to explore the function of GPRC6A in vitro. To assess the role of GPRC6A in prostate cancer progression in vivo, we intercrossed Gprc6a -/- mice onto the TRAMP mouse prostate cancer model. RESULTS GPRC6A transcripts were markedly increased in prostate cancer cell lines 22Rv1, PC-3, and LNCaP, compared to the normal prostate RWPE-1 cell line. In addition, a panel of GPRC6A ligands, including calcium, OC, and arginine, exhibited in prostate cancer cell lines a dose-dependent stimulation of ERK activity, cell proliferation, chemotaxis, and prostate specific antigen and Runx2 gene expression. These responses were inhibited by siRNA-mediated knockdown of GPRC6A. Finally, transfer of Gprc6a deficiency onto a TRAMP mouse model of prostate cancer significantly retarded prostate cancer progression and improved survival of compound Gprc6a -/-/TRAMP mice. CONCLUSIONS GPRC6A is a novel molecular target for regulating prostate growth and cancer progression. Increments in GPRC6A may augment the ability of prostate cancer cells to proliferate in response to dietary and bone derived ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-409
Number of pages11
JournalProstate
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

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Prostatic Neoplasms
Osteocalcin
Cell Line
Ligands
Small Interfering RNA
Calcium
Aptitude
Chemotaxis
Prostate-Specific Antigen
Arginine
Testosterone
Zinc
Prostate
Cell Proliferation
Gene Expression
Amino Acids
Bone and Bones
Food
Survival

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology
  • Oncology

Cite this

GPRC6A regulates prostate cancer progression. / Pi, Min; Quarles, Leigh.

In: Prostate, Vol. 72, No. 4, 01.03.2012, p. 399-409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND GPRC6A is a nutrient sensing GPCR that is activated in vitro by a variety of ligands, including amino acids, calcium, zinc, osteocalcin (OC), and testosterone. The association between nutritional factors and risk of prostate cancer, the finding of increased expression of OC in prostate cancer cells, and the association between GPRC6A and risk of prostate cancer in Japanese men implicates a role of GPRC6A in prostate cancer. METHODS We examined if GPRC6A is expressed in human prostate cancer cell lines and used siRNA-mediated knockdown GPRC6A expression in prostate cancer cells to explore the function of GPRC6A in vitro. To assess the role of GPRC6A in prostate cancer progression in vivo, we intercrossed Gprc6a -/- mice onto the TRAMP mouse prostate cancer model. RESULTS GPRC6A transcripts were markedly increased in prostate cancer cell lines 22Rv1, PC-3, and LNCaP, compared to the normal prostate RWPE-1 cell line. In addition, a panel of GPRC6A ligands, including calcium, OC, and arginine, exhibited in prostate cancer cell lines a dose-dependent stimulation of ERK activity, cell proliferation, chemotaxis, and prostate specific antigen and Runx2 gene expression. These responses were inhibited by siRNA-mediated knockdown of GPRC6A. Finally, transfer of Gprc6a deficiency onto a TRAMP mouse model of prostate cancer significantly retarded prostate cancer progression and improved survival of compound Gprc6a -/-/TRAMP mice. CONCLUSIONS GPRC6A is a novel molecular target for regulating prostate growth and cancer progression. Increments in GPRC6A may augment the ability of prostate cancer cells to proliferate in response to dietary and bone derived ligands.",
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AB - BACKGROUND GPRC6A is a nutrient sensing GPCR that is activated in vitro by a variety of ligands, including amino acids, calcium, zinc, osteocalcin (OC), and testosterone. The association between nutritional factors and risk of prostate cancer, the finding of increased expression of OC in prostate cancer cells, and the association between GPRC6A and risk of prostate cancer in Japanese men implicates a role of GPRC6A in prostate cancer. METHODS We examined if GPRC6A is expressed in human prostate cancer cell lines and used siRNA-mediated knockdown GPRC6A expression in prostate cancer cells to explore the function of GPRC6A in vitro. To assess the role of GPRC6A in prostate cancer progression in vivo, we intercrossed Gprc6a -/- mice onto the TRAMP mouse prostate cancer model. RESULTS GPRC6A transcripts were markedly increased in prostate cancer cell lines 22Rv1, PC-3, and LNCaP, compared to the normal prostate RWPE-1 cell line. In addition, a panel of GPRC6A ligands, including calcium, OC, and arginine, exhibited in prostate cancer cell lines a dose-dependent stimulation of ERK activity, cell proliferation, chemotaxis, and prostate specific antigen and Runx2 gene expression. These responses were inhibited by siRNA-mediated knockdown of GPRC6A. Finally, transfer of Gprc6a deficiency onto a TRAMP mouse model of prostate cancer significantly retarded prostate cancer progression and improved survival of compound Gprc6a -/-/TRAMP mice. CONCLUSIONS GPRC6A is a novel molecular target for regulating prostate growth and cancer progression. Increments in GPRC6A may augment the ability of prostate cancer cells to proliferate in response to dietary and bone derived ligands.

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