Hallux metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis with a hybrid locking plate and a plantar neutralization screw

A prospective study

Jesse Doty, Michael Coughlin, Christopher Hirose, Travis Kemp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Many techniques have been described for arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The purpose of this study was to determine the results of fixation using a low-profile dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx, nonlocking screws in the metatarsal, and a plantar neutralization screw. Methods: Forty-nine consecutive patients (51 feet) underwent a first MTP joint arthrodesis during an enrollment period of 1 year from October 2010 to November, 2011. All patients were evaluated preoperatively for primary pathology, pain, function, radiographic findings, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. First MTP joint arthrodesis was performed with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with preset valgus and dorsiflexion after the joint surfaces were prepared with dome-shaped power reamers to achieve congruous cancellous bone surfaces. At a minimum of 1-year follow-up, patients returned for postoperative evaluation of pain, function, radiographic findings, satisfaction, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. Results: Forty-six of 49 (48 feet) patients returned for final follow-up examination at least 12 months after operative intervention. Forty-one patients (89%) reported good to excellent results. Visual analog pain scores improved from an average of 6.6 preoperatively to an average of 1.6 postoperatively (t = -9.3339, df = 45, P < .001). Functional capacity scores improved from a preoperative mean of 2.5 to a postoperative mean of 1.4 (t = -5.2648, df = 46, P < .001). AOFAS hallux MTP joint scores improved from a preoperative mean of 45 to a postoperative mean of 77 (t = 9.9498, df = 46, P < .003). Eighteen of 48 great toes (38%) had preoperative pronation whereas, 2 of 48 great toes (4%) had postoperative pronation. Eleven of 46 patients (24%) were unable to perform preoperative toe rise, and 8 of 46 (17%) were unable to perform postoperative toe rise. Twenty-five of 46 patients (54%) had gait improvement, while 19 patients (44%) had no change in gait, and 2 patients (4%) had gait deterioration. The mean preoperative hallux valgus angle of 27 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 13 degrees (t = -6.1982, df = 46, P < .001). The mean preoperative 1-2 intermetatarsal angle of 12 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 9 degrees (t = -5.2614, df = 46, P < .001). There was 1 delayed union (2%) and 1 nonunion (2%). Conclusion: Our outcome scores indicate that first MTP joint arthrodesis with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx and nonlocking screws in the first metatarsal is both reliable and reproducible with a very high bony union rate. Level of Evidence: Level IV, prospective case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1535-1540
Number of pages6
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

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Hallux
Metatarsophalangeal Joint
Arthrodesis
Prospective Studies
Titanium
Gait
Pronation
Metatarsal Bones
Toes
Hallux Valgus
Plantar Plate
Pain
Postoperative Pain
Joints
Pathology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Hallux metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis with a hybrid locking plate and a plantar neutralization screw : A prospective study. / Doty, Jesse; Coughlin, Michael; Hirose, Christopher; Kemp, Travis.

In: Foot and Ankle International, Vol. 34, No. 11, 01.11.2013, p. 1535-1540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Many techniques have been described for arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The purpose of this study was to determine the results of fixation using a low-profile dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx, nonlocking screws in the metatarsal, and a plantar neutralization screw. Methods: Forty-nine consecutive patients (51 feet) underwent a first MTP joint arthrodesis during an enrollment period of 1 year from October 2010 to November, 2011. All patients were evaluated preoperatively for primary pathology, pain, function, radiographic findings, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. First MTP joint arthrodesis was performed with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with preset valgus and dorsiflexion after the joint surfaces were prepared with dome-shaped power reamers to achieve congruous cancellous bone surfaces. At a minimum of 1-year follow-up, patients returned for postoperative evaluation of pain, function, radiographic findings, satisfaction, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. Results: Forty-six of 49 (48 feet) patients returned for final follow-up examination at least 12 months after operative intervention. Forty-one patients (89{\%}) reported good to excellent results. Visual analog pain scores improved from an average of 6.6 preoperatively to an average of 1.6 postoperatively (t = -9.3339, df = 45, P < .001). Functional capacity scores improved from a preoperative mean of 2.5 to a postoperative mean of 1.4 (t = -5.2648, df = 46, P < .001). AOFAS hallux MTP joint scores improved from a preoperative mean of 45 to a postoperative mean of 77 (t = 9.9498, df = 46, P < .003). Eighteen of 48 great toes (38{\%}) had preoperative pronation whereas, 2 of 48 great toes (4{\%}) had postoperative pronation. Eleven of 46 patients (24{\%}) were unable to perform preoperative toe rise, and 8 of 46 (17{\%}) were unable to perform postoperative toe rise. Twenty-five of 46 patients (54{\%}) had gait improvement, while 19 patients (44{\%}) had no change in gait, and 2 patients (4{\%}) had gait deterioration. The mean preoperative hallux valgus angle of 27 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 13 degrees (t = -6.1982, df = 46, P < .001). The mean preoperative 1-2 intermetatarsal angle of 12 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 9 degrees (t = -5.2614, df = 46, P < .001). There was 1 delayed union (2{\%}) and 1 nonunion (2{\%}). Conclusion: Our outcome scores indicate that first MTP joint arthrodesis with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx and nonlocking screws in the first metatarsal is both reliable and reproducible with a very high bony union rate. Level of Evidence: Level IV, prospective case series.",
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AU - Kemp, Travis

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N2 - Background: Many techniques have been described for arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The purpose of this study was to determine the results of fixation using a low-profile dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx, nonlocking screws in the metatarsal, and a plantar neutralization screw. Methods: Forty-nine consecutive patients (51 feet) underwent a first MTP joint arthrodesis during an enrollment period of 1 year from October 2010 to November, 2011. All patients were evaluated preoperatively for primary pathology, pain, function, radiographic findings, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. First MTP joint arthrodesis was performed with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with preset valgus and dorsiflexion after the joint surfaces were prepared with dome-shaped power reamers to achieve congruous cancellous bone surfaces. At a minimum of 1-year follow-up, patients returned for postoperative evaluation of pain, function, radiographic findings, satisfaction, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. Results: Forty-six of 49 (48 feet) patients returned for final follow-up examination at least 12 months after operative intervention. Forty-one patients (89%) reported good to excellent results. Visual analog pain scores improved from an average of 6.6 preoperatively to an average of 1.6 postoperatively (t = -9.3339, df = 45, P < .001). Functional capacity scores improved from a preoperative mean of 2.5 to a postoperative mean of 1.4 (t = -5.2648, df = 46, P < .001). AOFAS hallux MTP joint scores improved from a preoperative mean of 45 to a postoperative mean of 77 (t = 9.9498, df = 46, P < .003). Eighteen of 48 great toes (38%) had preoperative pronation whereas, 2 of 48 great toes (4%) had postoperative pronation. Eleven of 46 patients (24%) were unable to perform preoperative toe rise, and 8 of 46 (17%) were unable to perform postoperative toe rise. Twenty-five of 46 patients (54%) had gait improvement, while 19 patients (44%) had no change in gait, and 2 patients (4%) had gait deterioration. The mean preoperative hallux valgus angle of 27 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 13 degrees (t = -6.1982, df = 46, P < .001). The mean preoperative 1-2 intermetatarsal angle of 12 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 9 degrees (t = -5.2614, df = 46, P < .001). There was 1 delayed union (2%) and 1 nonunion (2%). Conclusion: Our outcome scores indicate that first MTP joint arthrodesis with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx and nonlocking screws in the first metatarsal is both reliable and reproducible with a very high bony union rate. Level of Evidence: Level IV, prospective case series.

AB - Background: Many techniques have been described for arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The purpose of this study was to determine the results of fixation using a low-profile dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx, nonlocking screws in the metatarsal, and a plantar neutralization screw. Methods: Forty-nine consecutive patients (51 feet) underwent a first MTP joint arthrodesis during an enrollment period of 1 year from October 2010 to November, 2011. All patients were evaluated preoperatively for primary pathology, pain, function, radiographic findings, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. First MTP joint arthrodesis was performed with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with preset valgus and dorsiflexion after the joint surfaces were prepared with dome-shaped power reamers to achieve congruous cancellous bone surfaces. At a minimum of 1-year follow-up, patients returned for postoperative evaluation of pain, function, radiographic findings, satisfaction, AOFAS scores, and physical exam findings. Results: Forty-six of 49 (48 feet) patients returned for final follow-up examination at least 12 months after operative intervention. Forty-one patients (89%) reported good to excellent results. Visual analog pain scores improved from an average of 6.6 preoperatively to an average of 1.6 postoperatively (t = -9.3339, df = 45, P < .001). Functional capacity scores improved from a preoperative mean of 2.5 to a postoperative mean of 1.4 (t = -5.2648, df = 46, P < .001). AOFAS hallux MTP joint scores improved from a preoperative mean of 45 to a postoperative mean of 77 (t = 9.9498, df = 46, P < .003). Eighteen of 48 great toes (38%) had preoperative pronation whereas, 2 of 48 great toes (4%) had postoperative pronation. Eleven of 46 patients (24%) were unable to perform preoperative toe rise, and 8 of 46 (17%) were unable to perform postoperative toe rise. Twenty-five of 46 patients (54%) had gait improvement, while 19 patients (44%) had no change in gait, and 2 patients (4%) had gait deterioration. The mean preoperative hallux valgus angle of 27 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 13 degrees (t = -6.1982, df = 46, P < .001). The mean preoperative 1-2 intermetatarsal angle of 12 degrees improved to a mean postoperative angle of 9 degrees (t = -5.2614, df = 46, P < .001). There was 1 delayed union (2%) and 1 nonunion (2%). Conclusion: Our outcome scores indicate that first MTP joint arthrodesis with a precontoured dorsal titanium plate with locking screws in the phalanx and nonlocking screws in the first metatarsal is both reliable and reproducible with a very high bony union rate. Level of Evidence: Level IV, prospective case series.

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