Health literacy in solid-organ transplantation

A model to improve understanding

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Optimizing wellness and health are the most critical goals for patients post solid-organ transplantation. Low health literacy has important implications for wellness and health, increasing patient risk for negative health outcomes. More than 30% of the general US patient population has low health literacy, and solid-organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) may be especially vulnerable to low health literacy and its adverse impact on health outcomes. A comprehensive literature review was conducted and a model was adapted to better depict factors associated with low health literacy. Based on the Paasche-Orlow and Wolf model of health literacy, the Health Literacy Model in Transplantation (HeaL-T) provides a foundation to visually demonstrate the relationships among variables associated with low health literacy and to develop evidence-based strategies to improve care. The model depicts a number of patient and healthcare level factors associated with health literacy, several of which have bi-directional or reciprocal relationships, including access and utilization of healthcare, provider-patient interaction, and self-management/adherence. The impact of these factors and their relationships to SOTR outcomes are reviewed. The HeaL-T represents an important step in developing holistic understanding of the complexity of health literacy in SOTRs and offers clinicians a base from which to design strategies to mitigate adverse health effects including increased hospitalizations, graft failure, and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2325-2338
Number of pages14
JournalPatient Preference and Adherence
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Health Literacy
Organ Transplantation
literacy
health
Health
organ transplant
Transplants
recipient
Self Care
Health Personnel
Hospitalization
Transplantation
Delivery of Health Care
hospitalization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Health literacy in solid-organ transplantation : A model to improve understanding. / Chisholm-Burns, Marie; Spivey, Christina; Pickett, Logan R.

In: Patient Preference and Adherence, Vol. 12, 01.01.2018, p. 2325-2338.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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