Health-related quality of life in college students with and without childhood-onset asthma

D. A. Fedele, L. L. Mullins, Angelica Eddington, J. L. Ryan, A. N. Junghans, S. E. Hullmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The current study investigated whether differences existed in health-related quality of life between individuals who self-identified as having childhood-onset asthma and individuals without a chronic illness. Additionally, the relationship between perceived illness intrusiveness and illness uncertainty to health-related quality of life was explored. Methods. College undergraduates at least 18 years of age who self-identified as having childhood asthma were randomly matched by age and gender to healthy control participants. Participants completed a demographic form, the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale-Community Form, the Illness Intrusiveness Scale, and the SF-36 Health Survey, a measure of health-related quality of life. Results. Participants with asthma had significantly lower scores on the total and mental health-related quality of life scales than did healthy control subjects. There were no significant differences between self-identified participants with asthma and matched healthy control subjects on physical health-related quality of life scales. Illness intrusiveness was not related to either the physical (e.g., physical functioning, general health) or mental health-related quality of life. Higher levels of illness uncertainty were significantly related to higher levels of mental health-related quality of life (e.g., vitality, mental health). In addition, participants with asthma scored significantly lower than healthy controls on the social functioning and role-emotional subscales. Conclusion. The current study adds to the extant literature by examining the relationships between illness intrusiveness, illness uncertainty, and health-related quality of life among a young adult population. College students with asthma appear to be at risk for diminished quality of life compared to a healthy comparison group. Further examination of various domains of health-related quality of life among older adolescents and young adults with childhood asthma is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)835-840
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 22 2009

Fingerprint

Asthma
Quality of Life
Students
Uncertainty
Mental Health
Healthy Volunteers
Young Adult
Health Surveys
Health Status
Chronic Disease
Demography
Health
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Health-related quality of life in college students with and without childhood-onset asthma. / Fedele, D. A.; Mullins, L. L.; Eddington, Angelica; Ryan, J. L.; Junghans, A. N.; Hullmann, S. E.

In: Journal of Asthma, Vol. 46, No. 8, 22.10.2009, p. 835-840.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fedele, D. A. ; Mullins, L. L. ; Eddington, Angelica ; Ryan, J. L. ; Junghans, A. N. ; Hullmann, S. E. / Health-related quality of life in college students with and without childhood-onset asthma. In: Journal of Asthma. 2009 ; Vol. 46, No. 8. pp. 835-840.
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