Health risk characteristics of black female informal caregivers on welfare

Muriel C. Rice, Mona Wicks, Judy C. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This exploratory study examines differences in health risk characteristics and perceived health by caregiver status in two groups of Black women, 37 informal caregivers and 20 noncaregivers, transitioning from welfare to work. Health risk characteristics were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and Healthier People Network Health Risk Appraisal-Version 6. Body mass index (BMI) calculations were based on the standard Centers for Disease Control formula. Perceived health status was assessed using a single-item Cantril ladder. Results show no statistically significant between-group differences in perceived health status, depressive symptoms, frequency of lifestyle behaviors, or BMI. Clinically significant proportions of participants in both groups rated their health as poor or fair; reported mild to severe depressive symptoms; smoked cigarettes; did not perform monthly self-breast exams; were physically inactive, overweight, or obese; and consumed high-fat diets. Black women receiving welfare show increased risk for premature chronic health problems, which warrants development of effective community-based risk-reduction programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-31
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Nursing Research
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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Caregivers
Health Status
Health
Depression
Body Mass Index
Health Status Indicators
High Fat Diet
Risk Reduction Behavior
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Tobacco Products
Life Style
Epidemiologic Studies
Breast

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Health risk characteristics of black female informal caregivers on welfare. / Rice, Muriel C.; Wicks, Mona; Martin, Judy C.

In: Clinical Nursing Research, Vol. 17, No. 1, 01.02.2008, p. 20-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rice, Muriel C. ; Wicks, Mona ; Martin, Judy C. / Health risk characteristics of black female informal caregivers on welfare. In: Clinical Nursing Research. 2008 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 20-31.
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