Hepatic veno-occlusive disease in children undergoing bone-marrow transplantation

Usefulness of sonographic findings

M. B. McCarville, F. A. Hoffer, Scott Howard, O. Goloubeva, W. M. Kauffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Reports of the usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD) have presented conflicting results. Objective. To determine the usefulness of gray-scale or Doppler ultrasonographic measurements in the diagnosis of HVOD in pediatric patients undergoing BMT. Materials and methods. We prospectively obtained 202 serial sonograms on 48 patients and examined the association between the clinical diagnosis of HVOD (McDonald criteria) and eight ultrasound parameters, including the hepatic artery resistive index (HARI), direction and velocity of portal venous flow, and thickness of the gall bladder wall. Results. HVOD developed in 29 of the 48 patients. The portal venous velocity increased after BMT in the group without HVOD and decreased in the group with HVOD; this difference was significant (P=0.01). However, there was a great deal of variability in velocity measurements for individual patients. The mean HARI was 0.64 in the group with HVOD and 0.63 in the group without HVOD, and there was no difference between the two groups in the pattern of change in HARI relative to the day of BMT (P=0.4). There was also no significant difference in thickness of the gallbladder wall between the two groups (P=0.6). Conclusion. No ultrasound parameter studied was as useful as the McDonald criteria for diagnosing HVOD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-105
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Hepatic Artery
Gallbladder
Ultrasonography
Urinary Bladder
Pediatrics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Hepatic veno-occlusive disease in children undergoing bone-marrow transplantation : Usefulness of sonographic findings. / McCarville, M. B.; Hoffer, F. A.; Howard, Scott; Goloubeva, O.; Kauffman, W. M.

In: Pediatric radiology, Vol. 31, No. 2, 01.01.2001, p. 102-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCarville, M. B. ; Hoffer, F. A. ; Howard, Scott ; Goloubeva, O. ; Kauffman, W. M. / Hepatic veno-occlusive disease in children undergoing bone-marrow transplantation : Usefulness of sonographic findings. In: Pediatric radiology. 2001 ; Vol. 31, No. 2. pp. 102-105.
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