Heterogeneity of astroglia cultured from adult human temporal lobe

David L. Davies, Ingrid R. Niesman, Frederick Boop, Kevin D. Phelan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study characterized the morphological and electrophysiological diversity of astroglia cultured from adult human cerebral temporal lobe, and explored the influence of the cytokine interleukin-1β on these cells. The cultures contained astroglia positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein which were flat, bipolar or multipolar in shape and variable in size. A subpopulation of the bipolar and multipolar cells was positive for S100 protein. The most striking feature of these cultures was the presence of glia with long (600 μm) processes with few branches or only terminal branches. Patch clamp recordings of the non-stellate process bearing cells revealed prominent inward Na+ and transient and sustained outward K+ conductances. Distinct differences in the relative proportion of these conductances were evident among cells but did not appear to be correlated with cell morphology. Treatment of cultures with interleukin-1β for 96 h did not change total protein content, but increased the content of S100β protein and decreased the content of glial fibrillary acidic protein. The findings indicate that cultures of adult human cerebrum contain subpopulations of morphologically and electrophysiologically pleomorphic glial fibrillary acidic protein positive astroglia, exhibit increased levels of the neurotrophic factor S100β when exposed to interleukin-1β, and may serve as a useful model for investigation of glial involvement in neuropathology. Copyright (C) 2000 ISDN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume18
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Temporal Lobe
Astrocytes
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Interleukin-1
S100 Proteins
Neuroglia
Nerve Growth Factors
Cerebrum
Cytokines
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Biology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

Heterogeneity of astroglia cultured from adult human temporal lobe. / Davies, David L.; Niesman, Ingrid R.; Boop, Frederick; Phelan, Kevin D.

In: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, Vol. 18, No. 2-3, 01.06.2000, p. 151-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davies, David L. ; Niesman, Ingrid R. ; Boop, Frederick ; Phelan, Kevin D. / Heterogeneity of astroglia cultured from adult human temporal lobe. In: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience. 2000 ; Vol. 18, No. 2-3. pp. 151-160.
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