HIV disease

medical and dental aspects and trends for the future. A literature review.

C. A. Migliorati, M. M. Koller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The pandemic dimension of HIV disease is a reality. The cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids) and of new infections with HIV continue to increase. Available antiretroviral therapy cannot halt the progress of the disease. However, because of early diagnosis and treatment, life expectancy has increased. Oral diseases in these patients have the potential to cause severe pain, discomfort, alter form and function and disseminate systemically. Comprehensive dental management may be complicated by complex medical problems. Nevertheless, as the epidemic grows, a higher number of infected individuals will need dental care. A comprehensive dental management concept of the HIV-seropositive individual still needs scientific investigation. There are several unresolved psychosocial issues concerning the willingness of dentists to treat HIV-infected patients. The possible transmission of the virus from a dentist to his patients in a dental office in Florida generated public and professional hysteria. Lack of knowledge about the disease contributed to this situation. This literature review presents the state-of-the-art information available on medical and dental aspects of HIV disease and trends for the future in dental research, education and patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-577
Number of pages13
JournalSchweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin = Revue mensuelle suisse d"odonto-stomatologie = Rivista mensile svizzera di odontologia e stomatologia / SSO
Volume104
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Stomatognathic Diseases
HIV
Tooth
Dental Care
Dentists
Mouth Diseases
Dental Research
Dental Offices
Hysteria
Dental Education
Pandemics
Patient Education
Life Expectancy
HIV Infections
Early Diagnosis
Patient Care
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Viruses
Pain
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "HIV disease: medical and dental aspects and trends for the future. A literature review.",
abstract = "The pandemic dimension of HIV disease is a reality. The cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids) and of new infections with HIV continue to increase. Available antiretroviral therapy cannot halt the progress of the disease. However, because of early diagnosis and treatment, life expectancy has increased. Oral diseases in these patients have the potential to cause severe pain, discomfort, alter form and function and disseminate systemically. Comprehensive dental management may be complicated by complex medical problems. Nevertheless, as the epidemic grows, a higher number of infected individuals will need dental care. A comprehensive dental management concept of the HIV-seropositive individual still needs scientific investigation. There are several unresolved psychosocial issues concerning the willingness of dentists to treat HIV-infected patients. The possible transmission of the virus from a dentist to his patients in a dental office in Florida generated public and professional hysteria. Lack of knowledge about the disease contributed to this situation. This literature review presents the state-of-the-art information available on medical and dental aspects of HIV disease and trends for the future in dental research, education and patient care.",
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