HLA-DR1 (DRB1*0101) and DR4 (DRB1*0401) use the same anchor residues for binding an immunodominant peptide derived from human type II collagen

E. F. Rosloniec, K. B. Whittington, D. M. Zaller, Andrew Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which susceptibility is strongly associated with the expression of specific HLA-DR haplotypes, including DR1 (DRB1*0101) and DR4 (DRB1*0401). As transgenes, both of these class II molecules mediate susceptibility to an autoimmune arthritis induced by immunization with human type II collagen (hCII). The dominant T cell response of both the DR1 and DR4 transgenic mice to hCII is focused on the same determinant core, CII(263-270). Peptide binding studies revealed that the affinity of DR1 and DR4 for CII(263-270) was at least 10 times less than that of the model Ag HA(307-319), and that the affinity of DR4 for the CII peptide is 3-fold less than that of DR1. As predicted based on the crystal structures, the majority of the CII-peptide binding affinity for DR1 and DR4 is controlled by the Phe263; however, unexpectedly the adjacent Lys264 also contributed significantly to the binding affinity of the peptide. Only these two CII amino acids were found to provide binding anchors. Amino acid substitutions at the remaining positions had either no effect or significantly increased the affinity of the hCII peptide. Affinity-enhancing substitutions frequently involved replacement of a negative charge, or Gly or Pro, hallmark amino acids of CII structure. These data indicate that DR1 and DR4 bind this CII peptide in a nearly identical manner and that the primary structure of CII may dictate a different binding motif for DR1 and DR4 than has been described for other peptides that bind to these alleles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume168
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

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HLA-DRB1 Chains
Collagen Type II
Peptides
Amino Acids
HLA-DR Antigens
Amino Acid Substitution
Transgenes
Haplotypes
Transgenic Mice
Autoimmune Diseases
Arthritis
Immunization
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Alleles
T-Lymphocytes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

HLA-DR1 (DRB1*0101) and DR4 (DRB1*0401) use the same anchor residues for binding an immunodominant peptide derived from human type II collagen. / Rosloniec, E. F.; Whittington, K. B.; Zaller, D. M.; Kang, Andrew.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 168, No. 1, 01.01.2002, p. 253-259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which susceptibility is strongly associated with the expression of specific HLA-DR haplotypes, including DR1 (DRB1*0101) and DR4 (DRB1*0401). As transgenes, both of these class II molecules mediate susceptibility to an autoimmune arthritis induced by immunization with human type II collagen (hCII). The dominant T cell response of both the DR1 and DR4 transgenic mice to hCII is focused on the same determinant core, CII(263-270). Peptide binding studies revealed that the affinity of DR1 and DR4 for CII(263-270) was at least 10 times less than that of the model Ag HA(307-319), and that the affinity of DR4 for the CII peptide is 3-fold less than that of DR1. As predicted based on the crystal structures, the majority of the CII-peptide binding affinity for DR1 and DR4 is controlled by the Phe263; however, unexpectedly the adjacent Lys264 also contributed significantly to the binding affinity of the peptide. Only these two CII amino acids were found to provide binding anchors. Amino acid substitutions at the remaining positions had either no effect or significantly increased the affinity of the hCII peptide. Affinity-enhancing substitutions frequently involved replacement of a negative charge, or Gly or Pro, hallmark amino acids of CII structure. These data indicate that DR1 and DR4 bind this CII peptide in a nearly identical manner and that the primary structure of CII may dictate a different binding motif for DR1 and DR4 than has been described for other peptides that bind to these alleles.",
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