HO-2 provides endogenous protection against oxidative stress and apoptosis caused by TNF-α in cerebral vascular endothelial cells

Shyamali Basuroy, Sujoy Bhattacharya, Dilyara Tcheranova, Yan Qu, Raymond F. Regan, Charles Leffler, Elena Parfenova

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Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) causes oxidative stress and apoptosis in a variety of cell types. Heme oxygenase (HO) degrades heme to bilirubin, an antioxidant, and carbon monoxide (CO), a cell cycle modulator, and a vasodilator. Newborn pig cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (CMVEC) highly express constitutive HO-2. We investigated the role of HO-2 in protection against TNF-α-induced apoptosis in cerebral vascular endothelium. In CMVEC from mice and newborn pigs, 15 ng/ml TNF-α alone, or with 10 μg/ml cycloheximide (CHX) caused apoptosis detected by nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation, cell-cell contact destabilization, and cell detachment. TNF-α did not induce HO-1 expression in CMVEC. CMVEC from HO-2 knockout mice showed greater sensitivity to apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α than did wild-type mice. TNF-α increased reactive oxygen species generation, including hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radicals, as detected by dihydrorhodamine-123 and dihydroethidium. The TNF-α response was inhibited by superoxide dismutase and catalase suggesting apoptosis is oxidative stress related. Inhibition of endogenous HO-2 in newborn pig CMVEC increased oxidative stress and exaggerated apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α. In HO-1-overexpressing CMVEC (HO-1 selective induction by cobalt portophyrin), TNF-α did not cause apoptosis. A CO-releasing compound, CORM-A1, and bilirubin blocked TNF-α-induced reactive oxygen species accumulation and apoptosis consistent with the antioxidant and antiapoptotic roles of the end products of HO activity. We conclude that HO-2 is critical for protection of cerebrovascular endothelium against apoptotic changes induced by oxidative stress and cytokine-mediated inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume291
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 2006

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Oxidative stress
Endothelial cells
Oxidative Stress
Endothelial Cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Apoptosis
Heme Oxygenase-1
Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)
Swine
Carbon Monoxide
Bilirubin
Reactive Oxygen Species
Antioxidants
heme oxygenase-2
Vascular Endothelium
DNA Fragmentation
Cycloheximide
Cobalt
Serum
Heme

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "HO-2 provides endogenous protection against oxidative stress and apoptosis caused by TNF-α in cerebral vascular endothelial cells",
abstract = "Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) causes oxidative stress and apoptosis in a variety of cell types. Heme oxygenase (HO) degrades heme to bilirubin, an antioxidant, and carbon monoxide (CO), a cell cycle modulator, and a vasodilator. Newborn pig cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (CMVEC) highly express constitutive HO-2. We investigated the role of HO-2 in protection against TNF-α-induced apoptosis in cerebral vascular endothelium. In CMVEC from mice and newborn pigs, 15 ng/ml TNF-α alone, or with 10 μg/ml cycloheximide (CHX) caused apoptosis detected by nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation, cell-cell contact destabilization, and cell detachment. TNF-α did not induce HO-1 expression in CMVEC. CMVEC from HO-2 knockout mice showed greater sensitivity to apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α than did wild-type mice. TNF-α increased reactive oxygen species generation, including hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radicals, as detected by dihydrorhodamine-123 and dihydroethidium. The TNF-α response was inhibited by superoxide dismutase and catalase suggesting apoptosis is oxidative stress related. Inhibition of endogenous HO-2 in newborn pig CMVEC increased oxidative stress and exaggerated apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α. In HO-1-overexpressing CMVEC (HO-1 selective induction by cobalt portophyrin), TNF-α did not cause apoptosis. A CO-releasing compound, CORM-A1, and bilirubin blocked TNF-α-induced reactive oxygen species accumulation and apoptosis consistent with the antioxidant and antiapoptotic roles of the end products of HO activity. We conclude that HO-2 is critical for protection of cerebrovascular endothelium against apoptotic changes induced by oxidative stress and cytokine-mediated inflammation.",
author = "Shyamali Basuroy and Sujoy Bhattacharya and Dilyara Tcheranova and Yan Qu and Regan, {Raymond F.} and Charles Leffler and Elena Parfenova",
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T1 - HO-2 provides endogenous protection against oxidative stress and apoptosis caused by TNF-α in cerebral vascular endothelial cells

AU - Basuroy, Shyamali

AU - Bhattacharya, Sujoy

AU - Tcheranova, Dilyara

AU - Qu, Yan

AU - Regan, Raymond F.

AU - Leffler, Charles

AU - Parfenova, Elena

PY - 2006/11/23

Y1 - 2006/11/23

N2 - Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) causes oxidative stress and apoptosis in a variety of cell types. Heme oxygenase (HO) degrades heme to bilirubin, an antioxidant, and carbon monoxide (CO), a cell cycle modulator, and a vasodilator. Newborn pig cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (CMVEC) highly express constitutive HO-2. We investigated the role of HO-2 in protection against TNF-α-induced apoptosis in cerebral vascular endothelium. In CMVEC from mice and newborn pigs, 15 ng/ml TNF-α alone, or with 10 μg/ml cycloheximide (CHX) caused apoptosis detected by nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation, cell-cell contact destabilization, and cell detachment. TNF-α did not induce HO-1 expression in CMVEC. CMVEC from HO-2 knockout mice showed greater sensitivity to apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α than did wild-type mice. TNF-α increased reactive oxygen species generation, including hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radicals, as detected by dihydrorhodamine-123 and dihydroethidium. The TNF-α response was inhibited by superoxide dismutase and catalase suggesting apoptosis is oxidative stress related. Inhibition of endogenous HO-2 in newborn pig CMVEC increased oxidative stress and exaggerated apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α. In HO-1-overexpressing CMVEC (HO-1 selective induction by cobalt portophyrin), TNF-α did not cause apoptosis. A CO-releasing compound, CORM-A1, and bilirubin blocked TNF-α-induced reactive oxygen species accumulation and apoptosis consistent with the antioxidant and antiapoptotic roles of the end products of HO activity. We conclude that HO-2 is critical for protection of cerebrovascular endothelium against apoptotic changes induced by oxidative stress and cytokine-mediated inflammation.

AB - Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) causes oxidative stress and apoptosis in a variety of cell types. Heme oxygenase (HO) degrades heme to bilirubin, an antioxidant, and carbon monoxide (CO), a cell cycle modulator, and a vasodilator. Newborn pig cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (CMVEC) highly express constitutive HO-2. We investigated the role of HO-2 in protection against TNF-α-induced apoptosis in cerebral vascular endothelium. In CMVEC from mice and newborn pigs, 15 ng/ml TNF-α alone, or with 10 μg/ml cycloheximide (CHX) caused apoptosis detected by nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation, cell-cell contact destabilization, and cell detachment. TNF-α did not induce HO-1 expression in CMVEC. CMVEC from HO-2 knockout mice showed greater sensitivity to apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α than did wild-type mice. TNF-α increased reactive oxygen species generation, including hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radicals, as detected by dihydrorhodamine-123 and dihydroethidium. The TNF-α response was inhibited by superoxide dismutase and catalase suggesting apoptosis is oxidative stress related. Inhibition of endogenous HO-2 in newborn pig CMVEC increased oxidative stress and exaggerated apoptosis caused by serum deprivation and TNF-α. In HO-1-overexpressing CMVEC (HO-1 selective induction by cobalt portophyrin), TNF-α did not cause apoptosis. A CO-releasing compound, CORM-A1, and bilirubin blocked TNF-α-induced reactive oxygen species accumulation and apoptosis consistent with the antioxidant and antiapoptotic roles of the end products of HO activity. We conclude that HO-2 is critical for protection of cerebrovascular endothelium against apoptotic changes induced by oxidative stress and cytokine-mediated inflammation.

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U2 - 10.1152/ajpcell.00032.2006

DO - 10.1152/ajpcell.00032.2006

M3 - Article

VL - 291

JO - American Journal of Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology

SN - 0363-6143

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