Identification of a gene within a pathogenicity island of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli H10407 required for maximal secretion of the heat-labile enterotoxin

James M. Fleckenstein, Luther E. Lindler, Eric A. Elsinghorst, James Dale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of the pathogenesis of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) have largely centered on extrachromosomal determinants of virulence, in particular the plasmid-encoded heat-labile (LT) and heat-stable enterotoxins and the colonization factor antigens. ETEC causes illnesses that range from mild diarrhea to severe cholera-like disease. These differences in disease severity are not readily accounted for by our current understanding of ETEC pathogenesis. Here we demonstrate that Tia, a putative adhesin of ETEC H10407, is encoded on a large chromosomal element of approximately 46 kb that shares multiple features with previously described E. coli pathogenicity islands. Further analysis of the region downstream from t/a revealed the presence of several candidate open reading frames (ORFs) in the same transcriptional orientation as tia. The putative proteins encoded by these ORFs bear multiple motifs associated with bacterial secretion apparatuses. An in-frame deletion in one candidate gene identified here as leoA (labile enterotoxin output) resulted in marked diminution of secretion of the LT enterotoxin and lack of fluid accumulation in a rabbit ileal loop model of infection. Although previous studies have suggested that E. coli lacks the capacity to secrete LT, our studies show that maximal release of LT from the periplasm of H10407 is dependent on one or more elements encoded on a pathogenicity island.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2766-2774
Number of pages9
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2000

Fingerprint

Genomic Islands
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
Enterotoxins
Hot Temperature
Open Reading Frames
Genes
Escherichia coli
Periplasm
Cholera
Virulence
Diarrhea
Plasmids
Rabbits
Infection
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Identification of a gene within a pathogenicity island of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli H10407 required for maximal secretion of the heat-labile enterotoxin. / Fleckenstein, James M.; Lindler, Luther E.; Elsinghorst, Eric A.; Dale, James.

In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 68, No. 5, 01.05.2000, p. 2766-2774.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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