Identification of a transferable two-amino-acid motif (GT) present in the C-terminal tail of the human lutropin receptor that redirects internalized G protein-coupled receptors from a degradation to a recycling pathway

Colette Galet, Le Min, Ramesh Narayanan, Mikiko Kishi, Nancy L. Weigel, Mario Ascoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although highly homologous in amino acid sequence, the agonist-receptor complexes formed by the human lutropin receptor (hLHR) and rat (r) LHR follow different intracellular routes. The agonist-rLHR complex is routed mostly to a lysosomal degradation pathway whereas a substantial portion of the agonist-hLHR complex is routed to a recycling pathway. In a previous study, we showed that grafting a five-residue sequence (GTALL) present in the C-terminal tail of the hLHR into the equivalent position of the rLHR redirects a substantial portion of the internalized agonist-rLHR complex to a recycling pathway. Using a number of mutations of the GTALL motif, we now show that only the first two residues (GT) of this motif are necessary and sufficient to induce recycling of the internalized agonist-rLHR complex. Phosphoamino acid analysis and mutations of the GT motif show that phosphorylation of the threonine residue is not necessary for recycling. Lastly, we show that addition of portions of the C-terminal tail of the hLHR that include the GT motif to the C-terminal tails of the rat follitropin or murine δ-opioid receptors promotes the post-endocytotic recycling of these G protein-coupled receptors. We conclude that the GT motif present in the C-terminal tail of the hLHR is a transferable motif that promotes the postendocytotic recycling of several G protein-coupled receptors and that the GT-induced recycling does not require the phosphorylation of the threonine residue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-422
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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LH Receptors
Amino Acid Motifs
Recycling
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Tail
Threonine
Phosphorylation
Phosphoamino Acids
Amino Acid Sequence Homology
Mutation
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Opioid Receptors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Identification of a transferable two-amino-acid motif (GT) present in the C-terminal tail of the human lutropin receptor that redirects internalized G protein-coupled receptors from a degradation to a recycling pathway",
abstract = "Although highly homologous in amino acid sequence, the agonist-receptor complexes formed by the human lutropin receptor (hLHR) and rat (r) LHR follow different intracellular routes. The agonist-rLHR complex is routed mostly to a lysosomal degradation pathway whereas a substantial portion of the agonist-hLHR complex is routed to a recycling pathway. In a previous study, we showed that grafting a five-residue sequence (GTALL) present in the C-terminal tail of the hLHR into the equivalent position of the rLHR redirects a substantial portion of the internalized agonist-rLHR complex to a recycling pathway. Using a number of mutations of the GTALL motif, we now show that only the first two residues (GT) of this motif are necessary and sufficient to induce recycling of the internalized agonist-rLHR complex. Phosphoamino acid analysis and mutations of the GT motif show that phosphorylation of the threonine residue is not necessary for recycling. Lastly, we show that addition of portions of the C-terminal tail of the hLHR that include the GT motif to the C-terminal tails of the rat follitropin or murine δ-opioid receptors promotes the post-endocytotic recycling of these G protein-coupled receptors. We conclude that the GT motif present in the C-terminal tail of the hLHR is a transferable motif that promotes the postendocytotic recycling of several G protein-coupled receptors and that the GT-induced recycling does not require the phosphorylation of the threonine residue.",
author = "Colette Galet and Le Min and Ramesh Narayanan and Mikiko Kishi and Weigel, {Nancy L.} and Mario Ascoli",
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T1 - Identification of a transferable two-amino-acid motif (GT) present in the C-terminal tail of the human lutropin receptor that redirects internalized G protein-coupled receptors from a degradation to a recycling pathway

AU - Galet, Colette

AU - Min, Le

AU - Narayanan, Ramesh

AU - Kishi, Mikiko

AU - Weigel, Nancy L.

AU - Ascoli, Mario

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AB - Although highly homologous in amino acid sequence, the agonist-receptor complexes formed by the human lutropin receptor (hLHR) and rat (r) LHR follow different intracellular routes. The agonist-rLHR complex is routed mostly to a lysosomal degradation pathway whereas a substantial portion of the agonist-hLHR complex is routed to a recycling pathway. In a previous study, we showed that grafting a five-residue sequence (GTALL) present in the C-terminal tail of the hLHR into the equivalent position of the rLHR redirects a substantial portion of the internalized agonist-rLHR complex to a recycling pathway. Using a number of mutations of the GTALL motif, we now show that only the first two residues (GT) of this motif are necessary and sufficient to induce recycling of the internalized agonist-rLHR complex. Phosphoamino acid analysis and mutations of the GT motif show that phosphorylation of the threonine residue is not necessary for recycling. Lastly, we show that addition of portions of the C-terminal tail of the hLHR that include the GT motif to the C-terminal tails of the rat follitropin or murine δ-opioid receptors promotes the post-endocytotic recycling of these G protein-coupled receptors. We conclude that the GT motif present in the C-terminal tail of the hLHR is a transferable motif that promotes the postendocytotic recycling of several G protein-coupled receptors and that the GT-induced recycling does not require the phosphorylation of the threonine residue.

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