Image analysis assessment of the abnormal testis biopsy in male infertility

Edward Kim, William W. Lin, Jacki Abrams, Larry I. Lipshultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We previously demonstrated that testis biopsy image analysis is an effective method for quantifying intratubular spermatogenic cells in the obstructed testis with normal spermatogenesis. As an extension of the initial report, we describe using the quantitative ploidy and morphological characteristics of cells counted with image analysis in abnormal testis biopsies obtained for a male infertility evaluation. Materials and Methods: Image analysis using a specifically designed filter was performed on Feulgen stained 5 μm. sections of paraffin embedded testicular tissue. Archival testicular tissue had been obtained using standard biopsy techniques from patients with azoospermia or severe oligospermia. Qualitative classification was based on standard evaluation of hematoxylin and eosin processed tissue. Results: There were 62 biopsies performed in 58 men. Significant differences in the intratubular content of haploid (spermatozoa and spermatids), diploid and tetraploid cells were found among the 5 categories of abnormalities: the Sertoli-cell-only syndrome, spermatocyte arrest, spermatid arrest, hypospermatogenesis and normal spermatogenesis. Moderate variability was found in the proportion of cell types in spermatid arrest and hypospermatogenesis. Conclusions: Testis biopsy image analysis provides a quantitative method for categorizing abnormalities of intratubular cell content present in male infertility states by using deoxyribonucleic acid content and morphology characteristics. The limitations of the present qualitative analysis system are emphasized by the moderate variability evident within the current categories of spermatid arrest and hypo- spermatogenesis states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-84
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Male Infertility
Spermatids
Testis
Oligospermia
Biopsy
Spermatogenesis
Sertoli Cell-Only Syndrome
Azoospermia
Spermatocytes
Tetraploidy
Ploidies
Haploidy
Hematoxylin
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Diploidy
Paraffin
Spermatozoa
DNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

Cite this

Image analysis assessment of the abnormal testis biopsy in male infertility. / Kim, Edward; Lin, William W.; Abrams, Jacki; Lipshultz, Larry I.

In: Journal of Urology, Vol. 158, No. 1, 01.01.1997, p. 82-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Edward ; Lin, William W. ; Abrams, Jacki ; Lipshultz, Larry I. / Image analysis assessment of the abnormal testis biopsy in male infertility. In: Journal of Urology. 1997 ; Vol. 158, No. 1. pp. 82-84.
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