Immunohistochemical evaluation of Leu-7, myelin basic-protein, S100-protein, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein, and LN3 immunoreactivity in nerve sheath tumors and sarcomas

Mahlon Johnson, A. D. Glick, B. W. Davis

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Abstract

The collective expression of five antigens produced in immature or mature myelin-producing glia was evaluated in nerve sheath tumors and spindle cell sarcomas with histologic features of schwannomas. Myelin-associated glycoprotein (Leu-7), myelin basic-protein (MBP), S100-protein, and, in most cases, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein (GFAP) and HLA-DR/Ia (LN3) immunoreactivity were evaluated immunohistochemically using commercially available antibodies on 53 benign nerve sheath tumors and 12 sarcomas. Leu-7 immunoreactivity was detected by a monoclonal antibody in 12 of 16 schwannomas, 12 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. No Leu-7 positivity was seen in the sarcomas. Distinct heavy MBP immunoreactivity, assessed using polyclonal antibodies, was identified only in all 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive S100-protein positivity was seen in 15 of 16 schwannomas, 17 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive LN3 immunoreactivity was seen in Schwann cells of 50% of the nerve sheath tumors analyzed; however, it was also present in associated interdigitating reticulum cells; GFAP immunoreactivity was not detected. These data suggest that Leu-7 is an important marker of Schwann cell neoplasms, although it is not superior to S100 protein. Moreover, combined immunohistochemical evaluation of potential Schwann cell markers including Leu-7, MBP, GFAP, and LN3 using commercially available antibodies offers no advantage over analysis of S100-protein immunoreactivity alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume112
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Myelin Basic Protein
S100 Proteins
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Neuroma
Sarcoma
Schwann Cells
Neurilemmoma
Neurofibroma
Antibodies
Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein
Reticulum
HLA-DR Antigens
Myelin Sheath
Neuroglia
Dendritic Cells
Monoclonal Antibodies
Antigens
Neoplasms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

Cite this

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title = "Immunohistochemical evaluation of Leu-7, myelin basic-protein, S100-protein, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein, and LN3 immunoreactivity in nerve sheath tumors and sarcomas",
abstract = "The collective expression of five antigens produced in immature or mature myelin-producing glia was evaluated in nerve sheath tumors and spindle cell sarcomas with histologic features of schwannomas. Myelin-associated glycoprotein (Leu-7), myelin basic-protein (MBP), S100-protein, and, in most cases, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein (GFAP) and HLA-DR/Ia (LN3) immunoreactivity were evaluated immunohistochemically using commercially available antibodies on 53 benign nerve sheath tumors and 12 sarcomas. Leu-7 immunoreactivity was detected by a monoclonal antibody in 12 of 16 schwannomas, 12 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. No Leu-7 positivity was seen in the sarcomas. Distinct heavy MBP immunoreactivity, assessed using polyclonal antibodies, was identified only in all 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive S100-protein positivity was seen in 15 of 16 schwannomas, 17 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive LN3 immunoreactivity was seen in Schwann cells of 50{\%} of the nerve sheath tumors analyzed; however, it was also present in associated interdigitating reticulum cells; GFAP immunoreactivity was not detected. These data suggest that Leu-7 is an important marker of Schwann cell neoplasms, although it is not superior to S100 protein. Moreover, combined immunohistochemical evaluation of potential Schwann cell markers including Leu-7, MBP, GFAP, and LN3 using commercially available antibodies offers no advantage over analysis of S100-protein immunoreactivity alone.",
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T1 - Immunohistochemical evaluation of Leu-7, myelin basic-protein, S100-protein, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein, and LN3 immunoreactivity in nerve sheath tumors and sarcomas

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AU - Glick, A. D.

AU - Davis, B. W.

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N2 - The collective expression of five antigens produced in immature or mature myelin-producing glia was evaluated in nerve sheath tumors and spindle cell sarcomas with histologic features of schwannomas. Myelin-associated glycoprotein (Leu-7), myelin basic-protein (MBP), S100-protein, and, in most cases, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein (GFAP) and HLA-DR/Ia (LN3) immunoreactivity were evaluated immunohistochemically using commercially available antibodies on 53 benign nerve sheath tumors and 12 sarcomas. Leu-7 immunoreactivity was detected by a monoclonal antibody in 12 of 16 schwannomas, 12 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. No Leu-7 positivity was seen in the sarcomas. Distinct heavy MBP immunoreactivity, assessed using polyclonal antibodies, was identified only in all 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive S100-protein positivity was seen in 15 of 16 schwannomas, 17 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive LN3 immunoreactivity was seen in Schwann cells of 50% of the nerve sheath tumors analyzed; however, it was also present in associated interdigitating reticulum cells; GFAP immunoreactivity was not detected. These data suggest that Leu-7 is an important marker of Schwann cell neoplasms, although it is not superior to S100 protein. Moreover, combined immunohistochemical evaluation of potential Schwann cell markers including Leu-7, MBP, GFAP, and LN3 using commercially available antibodies offers no advantage over analysis of S100-protein immunoreactivity alone.

AB - The collective expression of five antigens produced in immature or mature myelin-producing glia was evaluated in nerve sheath tumors and spindle cell sarcomas with histologic features of schwannomas. Myelin-associated glycoprotein (Leu-7), myelin basic-protein (MBP), S100-protein, and, in most cases, glial-fibrillary acidic-protein (GFAP) and HLA-DR/Ia (LN3) immunoreactivity were evaluated immunohistochemically using commercially available antibodies on 53 benign nerve sheath tumors and 12 sarcomas. Leu-7 immunoreactivity was detected by a monoclonal antibody in 12 of 16 schwannomas, 12 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. No Leu-7 positivity was seen in the sarcomas. Distinct heavy MBP immunoreactivity, assessed using polyclonal antibodies, was identified only in all 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive S100-protein positivity was seen in 15 of 16 schwannomas, 17 of 20 neurofibromas, and 17 of 17 traumatic neuromas. Extensive LN3 immunoreactivity was seen in Schwann cells of 50% of the nerve sheath tumors analyzed; however, it was also present in associated interdigitating reticulum cells; GFAP immunoreactivity was not detected. These data suggest that Leu-7 is an important marker of Schwann cell neoplasms, although it is not superior to S100 protein. Moreover, combined immunohistochemical evaluation of potential Schwann cell markers including Leu-7, MBP, GFAP, and LN3 using commercially available antibodies offers no advantage over analysis of S100-protein immunoreactivity alone.

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