Impact of the National Practitioner Data Bank on Resolution of Malpractice Claims

Teresa Waters, David M. Studdert, Troyen A. Brennan, Eric J. Thomas, Orit Almagor, Martha Mancewicz, Peter P. Budetti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Policymakers and commentators are concerned that the National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) has influenced malpractice litigation dynamics. This study examines whether the introduction of the NPDB changed the outcomes, process, and equity of malpractice litigation. Using pre- and post-NPDB analyses, we examine rates of unpaid claims, trials, resolution time, physician defense costs, and payments on claims with a low/high probability of negligence. We find that physicians and their insurers have been less likely to settle claims since introduction of the NPDB, especially for payments less than $50,000. Because this disruption appears to have decreased the proportion of questionable claims receiving compensation, the NPDB actually may have increased overall tort system specificity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-294
Number of pages12
JournalInquiry
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

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National Practitioner Data Bank
Malpractice
Jurisprudence
Physicians
Legal Liability
Insurance Carriers
Compensation and Redress
Costs and Cost Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Waters, T., Studdert, D. M., Brennan, T. A., Thomas, E. J., Almagor, O., Mancewicz, M., & Budetti, P. P. (2003). Impact of the National Practitioner Data Bank on Resolution of Malpractice Claims. Inquiry, 40(3), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.5034/inquiryjrnl_40.3.283

Impact of the National Practitioner Data Bank on Resolution of Malpractice Claims. / Waters, Teresa; Studdert, David M.; Brennan, Troyen A.; Thomas, Eric J.; Almagor, Orit; Mancewicz, Martha; Budetti, Peter P.

In: Inquiry, Vol. 40, No. 3, 01.01.2003, p. 283-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Waters, T, Studdert, DM, Brennan, TA, Thomas, EJ, Almagor, O, Mancewicz, M & Budetti, PP 2003, 'Impact of the National Practitioner Data Bank on Resolution of Malpractice Claims', Inquiry, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 283-294. https://doi.org/10.5034/inquiryjrnl_40.3.283
Waters T, Studdert DM, Brennan TA, Thomas EJ, Almagor O, Mancewicz M et al. Impact of the National Practitioner Data Bank on Resolution of Malpractice Claims. Inquiry. 2003 Jan 1;40(3):283-294. https://doi.org/10.5034/inquiryjrnl_40.3.283
Waters, Teresa ; Studdert, David M. ; Brennan, Troyen A. ; Thomas, Eric J. ; Almagor, Orit ; Mancewicz, Martha ; Budetti, Peter P. / Impact of the National Practitioner Data Bank on Resolution of Malpractice Claims. In: Inquiry. 2003 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 283-294.
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