Impact of the Sequence of Norepinephrine and Vasopressin Discontinuation in Patients Recovering From Septic Shock

Benjamin E. Bredhold, Shauna D. Winters, John Callison, Robert Heidel, Lauren M. Allen, Leslie Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Septic shock is a serious medical condition affecting millions of people each year and guidelines direct vasopressor use in these patients. However, there is little information as to which vasopressor should be discontinued first. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of the sequence of norepinephrine and vasopressin discontinuation on intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study conducted at The University of Tennessee Medical Center in Knoxville, Tennessee. Patients included in this study were adults 18 years of age and older with a diagnosis of septic shock who received norepinephrine in combination with vasopressin. Patients were excluded if norepinephrine or vasopressin were not the last 2 vasoactive agents used or if the patient expired or care was withdrawn. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 86 patients were included in this study, with 34 patients in the norepinephrine discontinued first group (NDF) and 52 in the vasopressin discontinued first group (VDF). For the primary outcome of ICU length of stay, no statistically significant difference was found between the NDF and the VDF groups (9.38 days vs 11.07 days, P =.313). The secondary outcome of the dose of norepinephrine at which vasopressin was initiated was also found to not be significant between the NDF and VDF groups (22 µg/min vs 31.1 µg/min, P =.11). The rates of hypotension within 24 hours of discontinuation of the first agent were also not significant between the NDF and VDF groups (17% vs 31%, P =.38). Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, there was significant no difference in ICU length of stay based on the sequence of discontinuation between norepinephrine and vasopressin in patients recovering from septic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHospital Pharmacy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Septic Shock
Vasopressins
Norepinephrine
Intensive care units
Intensive Care Units
Length of Stay
Hypotension
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Guidelines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Impact of the Sequence of Norepinephrine and Vasopressin Discontinuation in Patients Recovering From Septic Shock. / Bredhold, Benjamin E.; Winters, Shauna D.; Callison, John; Heidel, Robert; Allen, Lauren M.; Hamilton, Leslie.

In: Hospital Pharmacy, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Septic shock is a serious medical condition affecting millions of people each year and guidelines direct vasopressor use in these patients. However, there is little information as to which vasopressor should be discontinued first. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of the sequence of norepinephrine and vasopressin discontinuation on intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study conducted at The University of Tennessee Medical Center in Knoxville, Tennessee. Patients included in this study were adults 18 years of age and older with a diagnosis of septic shock who received norepinephrine in combination with vasopressin. Patients were excluded if norepinephrine or vasopressin were not the last 2 vasoactive agents used or if the patient expired or care was withdrawn. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 86 patients were included in this study, with 34 patients in the norepinephrine discontinued first group (NDF) and 52 in the vasopressin discontinued first group (VDF). For the primary outcome of ICU length of stay, no statistically significant difference was found between the NDF and the VDF groups (9.38 days vs 11.07 days, P =.313). The secondary outcome of the dose of norepinephrine at which vasopressin was initiated was also found to not be significant between the NDF and VDF groups (22 µg/min vs 31.1 µg/min, P =.11). The rates of hypotension within 24 hours of discontinuation of the first agent were also not significant between the NDF and VDF groups (17{\%} vs 31{\%}, P =.38). Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, there was significant no difference in ICU length of stay based on the sequence of discontinuation between norepinephrine and vasopressin in patients recovering from septic shock.",
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AU - Bredhold, Benjamin E.

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AU - Callison, John

AU - Heidel, Robert

AU - Allen, Lauren M.

AU - Hamilton, Leslie

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N2 - Background: Septic shock is a serious medical condition affecting millions of people each year and guidelines direct vasopressor use in these patients. However, there is little information as to which vasopressor should be discontinued first. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of the sequence of norepinephrine and vasopressin discontinuation on intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study conducted at The University of Tennessee Medical Center in Knoxville, Tennessee. Patients included in this study were adults 18 years of age and older with a diagnosis of septic shock who received norepinephrine in combination with vasopressin. Patients were excluded if norepinephrine or vasopressin were not the last 2 vasoactive agents used or if the patient expired or care was withdrawn. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 86 patients were included in this study, with 34 patients in the norepinephrine discontinued first group (NDF) and 52 in the vasopressin discontinued first group (VDF). For the primary outcome of ICU length of stay, no statistically significant difference was found between the NDF and the VDF groups (9.38 days vs 11.07 days, P =.313). The secondary outcome of the dose of norepinephrine at which vasopressin was initiated was also found to not be significant between the NDF and VDF groups (22 µg/min vs 31.1 µg/min, P =.11). The rates of hypotension within 24 hours of discontinuation of the first agent were also not significant between the NDF and VDF groups (17% vs 31%, P =.38). Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, there was significant no difference in ICU length of stay based on the sequence of discontinuation between norepinephrine and vasopressin in patients recovering from septic shock.

AB - Background: Septic shock is a serious medical condition affecting millions of people each year and guidelines direct vasopressor use in these patients. However, there is little information as to which vasopressor should be discontinued first. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of the sequence of norepinephrine and vasopressin discontinuation on intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study conducted at The University of Tennessee Medical Center in Knoxville, Tennessee. Patients included in this study were adults 18 years of age and older with a diagnosis of septic shock who received norepinephrine in combination with vasopressin. Patients were excluded if norepinephrine or vasopressin were not the last 2 vasoactive agents used or if the patient expired or care was withdrawn. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 86 patients were included in this study, with 34 patients in the norepinephrine discontinued first group (NDF) and 52 in the vasopressin discontinued first group (VDF). For the primary outcome of ICU length of stay, no statistically significant difference was found between the NDF and the VDF groups (9.38 days vs 11.07 days, P =.313). The secondary outcome of the dose of norepinephrine at which vasopressin was initiated was also found to not be significant between the NDF and VDF groups (22 µg/min vs 31.1 µg/min, P =.11). The rates of hypotension within 24 hours of discontinuation of the first agent were also not significant between the NDF and VDF groups (17% vs 31%, P =.38). Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, there was significant no difference in ICU length of stay based on the sequence of discontinuation between norepinephrine and vasopressin in patients recovering from septic shock.

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