In vitro evaluation of color change in maxillofacial elastomer through the use of an ultraviolet light absorber and a hindered amine light stabilizer

Ngoc H. Tran, Mark Scarbecz, John J. Gary

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Statement of problem External prostheses composed of silicone elastomers exhibit an unwanted color change over time. Purpose This study evaluated color stability when an ultraviolet light absorber and hindered amine light stabilizer were mixed in the maxillofacial elastomer containing either organic or inorganic pigments. Material and methods The materials used were an RTV silicone elastomer, 1 natural inorganic dry-earth pigment (burnt sienna) and 2 synthesized organic pigments (hansa yellow and alizarin red), ultraviolet light absorber (UVA) and hindered amine light stabilizer (HALS). Specimens (n=160) were fabricated in a custom mold and randomly assigned and exposed to weathering sites in Miami and Phoenix for approximately 3 months. Eight test groups (2 of each 4 material types with or without additives) of 10 specimens each were assigned to each site. L*, a*, b * readings were obtained before and after weathering from a spectrocolorimeter. Nonpigmented elastomers served as the control. Three-factor ANOVA was conducted to examine interaction effects between weathering sites, specimen type, and the presence of additive (α=.05). Overall color change (ΔE) and change in color coordinates (ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*) of specimen groups with and without additive were analyzed with independent sample t tests. Results In specimen groups with the additives (UVA and HALS), color change decreased significantly (P<.05) in burnt sienna and hansa yellow in Phoenix and in the control and hansa yellow in Miami. Additives did not affect color change in the alizarin red group. Conclusion UVA and HALS were shown to be effective in retarding color change in some circumstances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-490
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2004

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Elastomers
Ultraviolet Rays
Amines
Color
Light
Silicone Elastomers
Coloring Agents
In Vitro Techniques
Prostheses and Implants
Reading
Analysis of Variance
Fungi

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

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title = "In vitro evaluation of color change in maxillofacial elastomer through the use of an ultraviolet light absorber and a hindered amine light stabilizer",
abstract = "Statement of problem External prostheses composed of silicone elastomers exhibit an unwanted color change over time. Purpose This study evaluated color stability when an ultraviolet light absorber and hindered amine light stabilizer were mixed in the maxillofacial elastomer containing either organic or inorganic pigments. Material and methods The materials used were an RTV silicone elastomer, 1 natural inorganic dry-earth pigment (burnt sienna) and 2 synthesized organic pigments (hansa yellow and alizarin red), ultraviolet light absorber (UVA) and hindered amine light stabilizer (HALS). Specimens (n=160) were fabricated in a custom mold and randomly assigned and exposed to weathering sites in Miami and Phoenix for approximately 3 months. Eight test groups (2 of each 4 material types with or without additives) of 10 specimens each were assigned to each site. L*, a*, b * readings were obtained before and after weathering from a spectrocolorimeter. Nonpigmented elastomers served as the control. Three-factor ANOVA was conducted to examine interaction effects between weathering sites, specimen type, and the presence of additive (α=.05). Overall color change (ΔE) and change in color coordinates (ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*) of specimen groups with and without additive were analyzed with independent sample t tests. Results In specimen groups with the additives (UVA and HALS), color change decreased significantly (P<.05) in burnt sienna and hansa yellow in Phoenix and in the control and hansa yellow in Miami. Additives did not affect color change in the alizarin red group. Conclusion UVA and HALS were shown to be effective in retarding color change in some circumstances.",
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AU - Scarbecz, Mark

AU - Gary, John J.

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N2 - Statement of problem External prostheses composed of silicone elastomers exhibit an unwanted color change over time. Purpose This study evaluated color stability when an ultraviolet light absorber and hindered amine light stabilizer were mixed in the maxillofacial elastomer containing either organic or inorganic pigments. Material and methods The materials used were an RTV silicone elastomer, 1 natural inorganic dry-earth pigment (burnt sienna) and 2 synthesized organic pigments (hansa yellow and alizarin red), ultraviolet light absorber (UVA) and hindered amine light stabilizer (HALS). Specimens (n=160) were fabricated in a custom mold and randomly assigned and exposed to weathering sites in Miami and Phoenix for approximately 3 months. Eight test groups (2 of each 4 material types with or without additives) of 10 specimens each were assigned to each site. L*, a*, b * readings were obtained before and after weathering from a spectrocolorimeter. Nonpigmented elastomers served as the control. Three-factor ANOVA was conducted to examine interaction effects between weathering sites, specimen type, and the presence of additive (α=.05). Overall color change (ΔE) and change in color coordinates (ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*) of specimen groups with and without additive were analyzed with independent sample t tests. Results In specimen groups with the additives (UVA and HALS), color change decreased significantly (P<.05) in burnt sienna and hansa yellow in Phoenix and in the control and hansa yellow in Miami. Additives did not affect color change in the alizarin red group. Conclusion UVA and HALS were shown to be effective in retarding color change in some circumstances.

AB - Statement of problem External prostheses composed of silicone elastomers exhibit an unwanted color change over time. Purpose This study evaluated color stability when an ultraviolet light absorber and hindered amine light stabilizer were mixed in the maxillofacial elastomer containing either organic or inorganic pigments. Material and methods The materials used were an RTV silicone elastomer, 1 natural inorganic dry-earth pigment (burnt sienna) and 2 synthesized organic pigments (hansa yellow and alizarin red), ultraviolet light absorber (UVA) and hindered amine light stabilizer (HALS). Specimens (n=160) were fabricated in a custom mold and randomly assigned and exposed to weathering sites in Miami and Phoenix for approximately 3 months. Eight test groups (2 of each 4 material types with or without additives) of 10 specimens each were assigned to each site. L*, a*, b * readings were obtained before and after weathering from a spectrocolorimeter. Nonpigmented elastomers served as the control. Three-factor ANOVA was conducted to examine interaction effects between weathering sites, specimen type, and the presence of additive (α=.05). Overall color change (ΔE) and change in color coordinates (ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*) of specimen groups with and without additive were analyzed with independent sample t tests. Results In specimen groups with the additives (UVA and HALS), color change decreased significantly (P<.05) in burnt sienna and hansa yellow in Phoenix and in the control and hansa yellow in Miami. Additives did not affect color change in the alizarin red group. Conclusion UVA and HALS were shown to be effective in retarding color change in some circumstances.

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