Influence of remaining coronal tooth structure on fracture resistance and failure mode of restored endodontically treated maxillary incisors

Domingo Santos Pantaleón, Brian R. Morrow, David Cagna, Cornelis H. Pameijer, Franklin Garcia-Godoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Statement of problem: Limited information is available on the effect of an incomplete ferrule because of the varying residual axial wall heights and the volume of residual tooth structure on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated and restored maxillary incisors. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to examine the effect of varying residual axial wall heights, residual coronal tooth structure, and the absence of 1 proximal axial wall on the fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored with metal posts. Material and methods: Sixty intact human maxillary central incisors were divided into 6 groups (n=10): no ferrule (NF), 2-mm complete ferrule (CF2), 2-mm (IF2), 3-mm (IF3), and 4-mm (IF4) incomplete ferrules missing a single interproximal wall, and a control group that had a 6-mm incomplete ferrule (IF6). Cast metal post-and-cores were placed in all experimental specimens except for controls. Control specimens received 1 interproximal cavity preparation extending to the root canal access and a composite resin restoration. Complete metal crowns were then cemented on all specimens. Completed specimens were subjected to thermocycling (6000 cycles, 5°C/55°C) followed by the immediate testing of fracture resistance. Failed specimens were sectioned buccolingually and evaluated to identify the failure mode. The data were analyzed with an analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (α=.05). Results: An incomplete ferrule (IF2) with 1 interproximal wall missing had significantly reduced fracture resistance (697 N) compared with a complete ferrule (932 N). An increase of 3 to 4 mm of remaining wall height improved fracture resistance, from 844 N (IF3) to 853 N (IF4). Partial decementation was noticed in 8 NF and 5 IF2 specimens. IF3 and IF4 had no decementations. Radicular fractures and cracks (catastrophic failure) were observed in all IF2, IF3, and IF4, 9 CF2, and 6 NF specimens. In 7 specimens without posts (IF6, control), composite resin foundation and/or coronal dentin fracture were observed and the failure was considered repairable. Conclusions: The results of this in vitro study indicated that specimens with a 2-mm ferrule of uniform height were more resistant to fracture than specimens with a 2-mm ferrule and 1 missing interproximal wall. An increased wall height of 3 or 4 mm was associated with a significant increase in fracture resistance and can compensate for the missing interproximal wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

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Incisor
Tooth
Metals
Nonvital Tooth
Residual Volume
Composite Resins
Dental Pulp Cavity
Dentin
Crowns
Analysis of Variance
Students
Control Groups
In Vitro Techniques

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

Influence of remaining coronal tooth structure on fracture resistance and failure mode of restored endodontically treated maxillary incisors. / Santos Pantaleón, Domingo; Morrow, Brian R.; Cagna, David; Pameijer, Cornelis H.; Garcia-Godoy, Franklin.

In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Vol. 119, No. 3, 01.03.2018, p. 390-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Statement of problem: Limited information is available on the effect of an incomplete ferrule because of the varying residual axial wall heights and the volume of residual tooth structure on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated and restored maxillary incisors. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to examine the effect of varying residual axial wall heights, residual coronal tooth structure, and the absence of 1 proximal axial wall on the fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored with metal posts. Material and methods: Sixty intact human maxillary central incisors were divided into 6 groups (n=10): no ferrule (NF), 2-mm complete ferrule (CF2), 2-mm (IF2), 3-mm (IF3), and 4-mm (IF4) incomplete ferrules missing a single interproximal wall, and a control group that had a 6-mm incomplete ferrule (IF6). Cast metal post-and-cores were placed in all experimental specimens except for controls. Control specimens received 1 interproximal cavity preparation extending to the root canal access and a composite resin restoration. Complete metal crowns were then cemented on all specimens. Completed specimens were subjected to thermocycling (6000 cycles, 5°C/55°C) followed by the immediate testing of fracture resistance. Failed specimens were sectioned buccolingually and evaluated to identify the failure mode. The data were analyzed with an analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (α=.05). Results: An incomplete ferrule (IF2) with 1 interproximal wall missing had significantly reduced fracture resistance (697 N) compared with a complete ferrule (932 N). An increase of 3 to 4 mm of remaining wall height improved fracture resistance, from 844 N (IF3) to 853 N (IF4). Partial decementation was noticed in 8 NF and 5 IF2 specimens. IF3 and IF4 had no decementations. Radicular fractures and cracks (catastrophic failure) were observed in all IF2, IF3, and IF4, 9 CF2, and 6 NF specimens. In 7 specimens without posts (IF6, control), composite resin foundation and/or coronal dentin fracture were observed and the failure was considered repairable. Conclusions: The results of this in vitro study indicated that specimens with a 2-mm ferrule of uniform height were more resistant to fracture than specimens with a 2-mm ferrule and 1 missing interproximal wall. An increased wall height of 3 or 4 mm was associated with a significant increase in fracture resistance and can compensate for the missing interproximal wall.",
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T1 - Influence of remaining coronal tooth structure on fracture resistance and failure mode of restored endodontically treated maxillary incisors

AU - Santos Pantaleón, Domingo

AU - Morrow, Brian R.

AU - Cagna, David

AU - Pameijer, Cornelis H.

AU - Garcia-Godoy, Franklin

PY - 2018/3/1

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N2 - Statement of problem: Limited information is available on the effect of an incomplete ferrule because of the varying residual axial wall heights and the volume of residual tooth structure on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated and restored maxillary incisors. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to examine the effect of varying residual axial wall heights, residual coronal tooth structure, and the absence of 1 proximal axial wall on the fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored with metal posts. Material and methods: Sixty intact human maxillary central incisors were divided into 6 groups (n=10): no ferrule (NF), 2-mm complete ferrule (CF2), 2-mm (IF2), 3-mm (IF3), and 4-mm (IF4) incomplete ferrules missing a single interproximal wall, and a control group that had a 6-mm incomplete ferrule (IF6). Cast metal post-and-cores were placed in all experimental specimens except for controls. Control specimens received 1 interproximal cavity preparation extending to the root canal access and a composite resin restoration. Complete metal crowns were then cemented on all specimens. Completed specimens were subjected to thermocycling (6000 cycles, 5°C/55°C) followed by the immediate testing of fracture resistance. Failed specimens were sectioned buccolingually and evaluated to identify the failure mode. The data were analyzed with an analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (α=.05). Results: An incomplete ferrule (IF2) with 1 interproximal wall missing had significantly reduced fracture resistance (697 N) compared with a complete ferrule (932 N). An increase of 3 to 4 mm of remaining wall height improved fracture resistance, from 844 N (IF3) to 853 N (IF4). Partial decementation was noticed in 8 NF and 5 IF2 specimens. IF3 and IF4 had no decementations. Radicular fractures and cracks (catastrophic failure) were observed in all IF2, IF3, and IF4, 9 CF2, and 6 NF specimens. In 7 specimens without posts (IF6, control), composite resin foundation and/or coronal dentin fracture were observed and the failure was considered repairable. Conclusions: The results of this in vitro study indicated that specimens with a 2-mm ferrule of uniform height were more resistant to fracture than specimens with a 2-mm ferrule and 1 missing interproximal wall. An increased wall height of 3 or 4 mm was associated with a significant increase in fracture resistance and can compensate for the missing interproximal wall.

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