Infrainguinal arterial reconstructions in patients with aortoiliac occlusive disease

The influence of iliac stenting

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Iliac artery angioplasty (IAA) is an effective adjunct when combined with infrainguinal arterial reconstructions (IARs) in appropriate patients with multilevel occlusive disease. However, the effect of iliac artery stenting (IAS) on the outcome of patients undergoing distal bypass procedures is not defined. The purpose of this study was to estimate the influence of previous IAS for iliac occlusive disease on the outcome of IARs, compared with those after IAA alone or aortofemoral bypass grafting procedures (AFBs). Methods: During a 5-year period (1995-2000), 105 patients with previous intervention for iliac occlusive disease underwent 120 IARs. The criteria prepared by the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery) were followed to define the variables. The TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus classification was used to characterize the type of iliac lesions. Univariate (Kaplan-Meier) and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazards model) were used to determine the association between preoperative variables and cumulative primary patency. Results: Forty-five IARs were performed in patients with an earlier IAS repair, 33 in patients with an earlier IAA repair, and 42 in patients with an earlier AFB repair. There were not significant differences between patients in the IAS and IAA groups, except for a more frequent use of polytetrafluoroethylene grafts for IARs in the IAS group (40% vs 15%; χ2 test, P = .03). The 5-year primary patency rate for IARs was 68% in the IAS group, 46% in the IAA group, and 61% in the AFB group. Univariate analyses revealed that primary patency rates for IARs in patients with previous IAS were significantly higher than those in the IAA group (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test, P = .02). Previous IAA repair was associated with a two-fold increased risk of IAR graft failure (relative risk, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1-4.8; P = .04). Conclusions: IARs in patients with previous IAS have significantly improved graft patency, compared with those in patients with previous IAA alone. Such graft patency for IAR after IAS is similar to that obtained after AFB repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)971-978
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Iliac Artery
Angioplasty
Transplants
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Proportional Hazards Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{4c4d149db0aa4803be373a5aff5e5e00,
title = "Infrainguinal arterial reconstructions in patients with aortoiliac occlusive disease: The influence of iliac stenting",
abstract = "Objective: Iliac artery angioplasty (IAA) is an effective adjunct when combined with infrainguinal arterial reconstructions (IARs) in appropriate patients with multilevel occlusive disease. However, the effect of iliac artery stenting (IAS) on the outcome of patients undergoing distal bypass procedures is not defined. The purpose of this study was to estimate the influence of previous IAS for iliac occlusive disease on the outcome of IARs, compared with those after IAA alone or aortofemoral bypass grafting procedures (AFBs). Methods: During a 5-year period (1995-2000), 105 patients with previous intervention for iliac occlusive disease underwent 120 IARs. The criteria prepared by the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery) were followed to define the variables. The TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus classification was used to characterize the type of iliac lesions. Univariate (Kaplan-Meier) and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazards model) were used to determine the association between preoperative variables and cumulative primary patency. Results: Forty-five IARs were performed in patients with an earlier IAS repair, 33 in patients with an earlier IAA repair, and 42 in patients with an earlier AFB repair. There were not significant differences between patients in the IAS and IAA groups, except for a more frequent use of polytetrafluoroethylene grafts for IARs in the IAS group (40{\%} vs 15{\%}; χ2 test, P = .03). The 5-year primary patency rate for IARs was 68{\%} in the IAS group, 46{\%} in the IAA group, and 61{\%} in the AFB group. Univariate analyses revealed that primary patency rates for IARs in patients with previous IAS were significantly higher than those in the IAA group (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test, P = .02). Previous IAA repair was associated with a two-fold increased risk of IAR graft failure (relative risk, 2.2; 95{\%} CI, 1.1-4.8; P = .04). Conclusions: IARs in patients with previous IAS have significantly improved graft patency, compared with those in patients with previous IAA alone. Such graft patency for IAR after IAS is similar to that obtained after AFB repair.",
author = "Timaran, {Carlos H.} and Scott Stevens and Michael Freeman and Mitchell Goldman",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1067/mva.2001.119400",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "971--978",
journal = "Journal of Vascular Surgery",
issn = "0741-5214",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infrainguinal arterial reconstructions in patients with aortoiliac occlusive disease

T2 - The influence of iliac stenting

AU - Timaran, Carlos H.

AU - Stevens, Scott

AU - Freeman, Michael

AU - Goldman, Mitchell

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - Objective: Iliac artery angioplasty (IAA) is an effective adjunct when combined with infrainguinal arterial reconstructions (IARs) in appropriate patients with multilevel occlusive disease. However, the effect of iliac artery stenting (IAS) on the outcome of patients undergoing distal bypass procedures is not defined. The purpose of this study was to estimate the influence of previous IAS for iliac occlusive disease on the outcome of IARs, compared with those after IAA alone or aortofemoral bypass grafting procedures (AFBs). Methods: During a 5-year period (1995-2000), 105 patients with previous intervention for iliac occlusive disease underwent 120 IARs. The criteria prepared by the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery) were followed to define the variables. The TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus classification was used to characterize the type of iliac lesions. Univariate (Kaplan-Meier) and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazards model) were used to determine the association between preoperative variables and cumulative primary patency. Results: Forty-five IARs were performed in patients with an earlier IAS repair, 33 in patients with an earlier IAA repair, and 42 in patients with an earlier AFB repair. There were not significant differences between patients in the IAS and IAA groups, except for a more frequent use of polytetrafluoroethylene grafts for IARs in the IAS group (40% vs 15%; χ2 test, P = .03). The 5-year primary patency rate for IARs was 68% in the IAS group, 46% in the IAA group, and 61% in the AFB group. Univariate analyses revealed that primary patency rates for IARs in patients with previous IAS were significantly higher than those in the IAA group (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test, P = .02). Previous IAA repair was associated with a two-fold increased risk of IAR graft failure (relative risk, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1-4.8; P = .04). Conclusions: IARs in patients with previous IAS have significantly improved graft patency, compared with those in patients with previous IAA alone. Such graft patency for IAR after IAS is similar to that obtained after AFB repair.

AB - Objective: Iliac artery angioplasty (IAA) is an effective adjunct when combined with infrainguinal arterial reconstructions (IARs) in appropriate patients with multilevel occlusive disease. However, the effect of iliac artery stenting (IAS) on the outcome of patients undergoing distal bypass procedures is not defined. The purpose of this study was to estimate the influence of previous IAS for iliac occlusive disease on the outcome of IARs, compared with those after IAA alone or aortofemoral bypass grafting procedures (AFBs). Methods: During a 5-year period (1995-2000), 105 patients with previous intervention for iliac occlusive disease underwent 120 IARs. The criteria prepared by the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery) were followed to define the variables. The TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus classification was used to characterize the type of iliac lesions. Univariate (Kaplan-Meier) and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazards model) were used to determine the association between preoperative variables and cumulative primary patency. Results: Forty-five IARs were performed in patients with an earlier IAS repair, 33 in patients with an earlier IAA repair, and 42 in patients with an earlier AFB repair. There were not significant differences between patients in the IAS and IAA groups, except for a more frequent use of polytetrafluoroethylene grafts for IARs in the IAS group (40% vs 15%; χ2 test, P = .03). The 5-year primary patency rate for IARs was 68% in the IAS group, 46% in the IAA group, and 61% in the AFB group. Univariate analyses revealed that primary patency rates for IARs in patients with previous IAS were significantly higher than those in the IAA group (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test, P = .02). Previous IAA repair was associated with a two-fold increased risk of IAR graft failure (relative risk, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1-4.8; P = .04). Conclusions: IARs in patients with previous IAS have significantly improved graft patency, compared with those in patients with previous IAA alone. Such graft patency for IAR after IAS is similar to that obtained after AFB repair.

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U2 - 10.1067/mva.2001.119400

DO - 10.1067/mva.2001.119400

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JO - Journal of Vascular Surgery

JF - Journal of Vascular Surgery

SN - 0741-5214

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