Inhibition of synaptosomal uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine by conformationally restricted sympathomimetic amines

H. L. Komiskey, F. L. Hsu, F. J. Bossart, J. W. Fowble, Duane Miller, P. N. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The conformationally restricted cis and trans isomer of substituted cyclobutanes were examined for their ability to inhibit 3H-norepinephrine and 3H-dopamine accumulation by synaptosomes prepared from the cortex and corpus striatum, respectively. The drugs were more effective in preventing the accumulation of 3H-norepinephrine by cortical synaptosomes than 3H-dopamine by striatal synaptosomes. However, in the synaptosomes isolated from both regions, the trans isomers were more potent inhibitors of accumulation that the cis isomers. The greatest stereoselectivity was exhibited by the isomers of 2-amino-1-phenylcyclobutanol. The accumulation of 3H-norepinephrine by cortical synaptosomes and the accumulation of 3H-dopamine by striatal synaptosomes were inhibited 50% by concentrations of the trans isomer of 7.4 × 10-6 M and 1.7 × 10-4 M, respectively. The cis isomer was inactive. In separate experiments, the releasing capabilities of the restricted analogs were determined by superfusing cortical and striatal synaptosomes labelled in vitro with 3H-catecholamines. The trans and cis isomers elicited a trivial release of 3H-norepinephrine and 3H-dopamine from crotical and striatal synaptosomes, respectively. The results indicate that the decreased synaptosomal accumulation of 3H-catecholamines caused by the analogs was due mainly to inhibition of uptake. The influence of dihydral angle between phenyl-NH2 on the inhibition of uptake is discussed. It is concluded that the anti conformation of sympathomimetic amines is the preferred conformation at the noradrenergic amine pump.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1978
Externally publishedYes

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Sympathomimetics
Synaptosomes
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Corpus Striatum
Catecholamines
Cyclobutanes
Amines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Inhibition of synaptosomal uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine by conformationally restricted sympathomimetic amines. / Komiskey, H. L.; Hsu, F. L.; Bossart, F. J.; Fowble, J. W.; Miller, Duane; Patil, P. N.

In: European Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 52, No. 1, 01.11.1978, p. 37-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Komiskey, H. L. ; Hsu, F. L. ; Bossart, F. J. ; Fowble, J. W. ; Miller, Duane ; Patil, P. N. / Inhibition of synaptosomal uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine by conformationally restricted sympathomimetic amines. In: European Journal of Pharmacology. 1978 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 37-45.
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