Insulin promotes the biosynthesis and secretion of apolipoprotein B-48 by altering apolipoprotein B mRNA editing

Fayanne E. Thorngate, Rajendra Raghow, Henry G. Wilcox, C. S. Werner, Murray Heimberg, Marshall Elam

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Abstract

Long-term insulin treatment selectively stimulates secretion of the truncated form of apolipoprotein B (apoB), apoB-48, from primary rat hepatocytes in culture. Chronic treatment with insulin at 400 ng/ml causes a 3-fold increase in total apoB secretion, with apoB-48 making up about 75% of that increase. apoB-48 is the protein product generated by translation of full-length apoB mRNA which has been modified by a posttranscriptional editing mechanism. Editing changes codon 2153 in the middle of the apoB-100 coding region from CAA, coding for glutamine, to UAA, a translation stop signal. We therefore examined the effect of insulin treatment on the ratio of edited to nonedited apoB mRNA in RNA isolated from primary rat hepatocyte cultures. There was a dramatic shift in the ratio of edited versus nonedited forms of apoB mRNA, from about 1:1 in untreated cells to 7:1 in insulin- treated cells. Insulin exerted a dose-dependent effect on apoB secretion and apoB mRNA editing over the range of insulin concentrations studied (0.4-400 ng/ml). In contrast, oleic acid, which also increased apoB (B-48 and B-100) secretion, had no significant effect on the ratio of apoB-48 to apoB-100 particles secreted and no effect on the proportion of edited apoB mRNA. Neither insulin nor oleic acid affects total apoB mRNA levels as assayed by Northern blot analysis. These data strongly suggest that insulin stimulates biosynthesis and secretion of apoB-48 in rat hepatocytes by regulating the proportion of edited apoB mRNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5392-5396
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume91
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 7 1994

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Apolipoprotein B-48
Apolipoproteins B
Insulin
Messenger RNA
Apolipoprotein B-100
Hepatocytes
Oleic Acid
Terminator Codon
Glutamine
Codon
Northern Blotting

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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Insulin promotes the biosynthesis and secretion of apolipoprotein B-48 by altering apolipoprotein B mRNA editing. / Thorngate, Fayanne E.; Raghow, Rajendra; Wilcox, Henry G.; Werner, C. S.; Heimberg, Murray; Elam, Marshall.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 91, No. 12, 07.06.1994, p. 5392-5396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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