Interferon effects on the growth and division of human fibroblasts

Lawrence Pfeffer, James S. Murphy, Igor Tamm

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Abstract

The overall rate of proliferation of human fibroblasts in culture is reduced at interferon concentrations greater than 40 international reference units (U)/ml. Inhibition is near maximal at 640 U/ml, at which concentration the doubling time between 24 and 72 h after beginning of treatment is increased 2-3 times over the control value. Inhibition of cell proliferation was not readily reversible upon removal of interferon and refeeding of cultures. Study of the mitotic behavior of individual cells showed that the first intermitotic interval after beginning of treatment with interferon (640 U/ml) was prolonged in about two-thirds of the cells. In this fraction, many cells failed to divide again after the second post-treatment mitosis, while others exhibited a progressively increasing intermitotic interval with subsequent divisions. One-third of the interferon-treated fibroblasts initially divided at a rate similar to the rate of proliferation of control cells, but subsequently these cells also slowed down and finally stopped dividing. After treatment at 640 U/ml for 3 days, the rates of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis were depressed to 86, 75, and 64% of control values, respectively. However, the interferon-treated fibroblasts had grown larger than control cells as indicated by the following parameters: cell attachment area, 165%; volume, 131%; DNA content, 130% and protein content, 150%. Thus, interferon does not prevent cell growth, but interferes with cell division.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979
Externally publishedYes

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Interferons
Fibroblasts
Growth
Interferon-beta
Cell Proliferation
DNA
Mitosis
Cell Division
Proteins
RNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Interferon effects on the growth and division of human fibroblasts. / Pfeffer, Lawrence; Murphy, James S.; Tamm, Igor.

In: Experimental Cell Research, Vol. 121, No. 1, 01.01.1979, p. 111-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pfeffer, Lawrence ; Murphy, James S. ; Tamm, Igor. / Interferon effects on the growth and division of human fibroblasts. In: Experimental Cell Research. 1979 ; Vol. 121, No. 1. pp. 111-120.
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