Interleukin-1-mediated PGE2 production and sphingomyelin metabolism. Evidence for the regulation of cyclooxygenase gene expression by sphingosine and ceramide

L. R. Ballou, C. P. Chao, M. A. Holness, S. C. Barker, Rajendra Raghow

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Abstract

We recently demonstrated that sphingosine enhances interleukin-1β (IL-1)- mediated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in human dermal fibroblasts (Ballou, L. R., Barker, S. C., Postlethwaite, A. E., and Kang, A. H. (1990) J. Immunol. 145, 4245-4251). Because sphingosine and ceramide are interconvertable, we extended previous studies by treating cells with C2- ceramide (C2-cer), a membrane-soluble analogue of ceramide, and found that C2-cer stimulates IL-1-mediated PGE2 production to the same degree as sphingosine. In an effort to elucidate the mechanistic basis by which sphingosine and C2-cer affect PGE2 production, we examined the effect of these molecules on the expression of genes encoding cyclooxygenase (EC 1.14.99.1, Cox) and phospholipase A2 (EC 3.1.1.4, PLA2), the rate-limiting enzymes in PGE2 biosynthesis. We found that sphingosine and C2-cer treatment resulted in an 8-fold induction of Cox mRNA within 1-2 h which declined thereafter; concomitant changes in Cox protein were also observed. In contrast, expression of phospholipase A2 remained unaltered. We also found that IL-1-mediated PGE2 production was dramatically enhanced in cells treated simultaneously with sphingomyelinase which led us to directly test the effect of IL-1 on sphingomyelin turnover. IL-1 treatment induced the hydrolysis of a significant fraction of prelabeled sphingomyelin which was accompanied by increased levels of intracellular ceramide. Taken together, our results suggest that enhanced Cox expression may account for the observed enhancement of IL-1-mediated PGE2 production by sphingosine and C2-cer. These data also suggest that endogenous sphingomyelin metabolites, generated in response to IL-1, may play an important role in IL-1 signal transduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20044-20050
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number28
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Sphingosine
Sphingomyelins
Ceramides
Gene Expression Regulation
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
Interleukin-1
Dinoprostone
Metabolism
Gene expression
Phospholipases A2
Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase
Signal transduction
Gene encoding
Biosynthesis
Fibroblasts
Metabolites
Hydrolysis
Signal Transduction
N-acetylsphingosine
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Interleukin-1-mediated PGE2 production and sphingomyelin metabolism. Evidence for the regulation of cyclooxygenase gene expression by sphingosine and ceramide. / Ballou, L. R.; Chao, C. P.; Holness, M. A.; Barker, S. C.; Raghow, Rajendra.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 267, No. 28, 01.01.1992, p. 20044-20050.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We recently demonstrated that sphingosine enhances interleukin-1β (IL-1)- mediated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in human dermal fibroblasts (Ballou, L. R., Barker, S. C., Postlethwaite, A. E., and Kang, A. H. (1990) J. Immunol. 145, 4245-4251). Because sphingosine and ceramide are interconvertable, we extended previous studies by treating cells with C2- ceramide (C2-cer), a membrane-soluble analogue of ceramide, and found that C2-cer stimulates IL-1-mediated PGE2 production to the same degree as sphingosine. In an effort to elucidate the mechanistic basis by which sphingosine and C2-cer affect PGE2 production, we examined the effect of these molecules on the expression of genes encoding cyclooxygenase (EC 1.14.99.1, Cox) and phospholipase A2 (EC 3.1.1.4, PLA2), the rate-limiting enzymes in PGE2 biosynthesis. We found that sphingosine and C2-cer treatment resulted in an 8-fold induction of Cox mRNA within 1-2 h which declined thereafter; concomitant changes in Cox protein were also observed. In contrast, expression of phospholipase A2 remained unaltered. We also found that IL-1-mediated PGE2 production was dramatically enhanced in cells treated simultaneously with sphingomyelinase which led us to directly test the effect of IL-1 on sphingomyelin turnover. IL-1 treatment induced the hydrolysis of a significant fraction of prelabeled sphingomyelin which was accompanied by increased levels of intracellular ceramide. Taken together, our results suggest that enhanced Cox expression may account for the observed enhancement of IL-1-mediated PGE2 production by sphingosine and C2-cer. These data also suggest that endogenous sphingomyelin metabolites, generated in response to IL-1, may play an important role in IL-1 signal transduction.",
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N2 - We recently demonstrated that sphingosine enhances interleukin-1β (IL-1)- mediated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in human dermal fibroblasts (Ballou, L. R., Barker, S. C., Postlethwaite, A. E., and Kang, A. H. (1990) J. Immunol. 145, 4245-4251). Because sphingosine and ceramide are interconvertable, we extended previous studies by treating cells with C2- ceramide (C2-cer), a membrane-soluble analogue of ceramide, and found that C2-cer stimulates IL-1-mediated PGE2 production to the same degree as sphingosine. In an effort to elucidate the mechanistic basis by which sphingosine and C2-cer affect PGE2 production, we examined the effect of these molecules on the expression of genes encoding cyclooxygenase (EC 1.14.99.1, Cox) and phospholipase A2 (EC 3.1.1.4, PLA2), the rate-limiting enzymes in PGE2 biosynthesis. We found that sphingosine and C2-cer treatment resulted in an 8-fold induction of Cox mRNA within 1-2 h which declined thereafter; concomitant changes in Cox protein were also observed. In contrast, expression of phospholipase A2 remained unaltered. We also found that IL-1-mediated PGE2 production was dramatically enhanced in cells treated simultaneously with sphingomyelinase which led us to directly test the effect of IL-1 on sphingomyelin turnover. IL-1 treatment induced the hydrolysis of a significant fraction of prelabeled sphingomyelin which was accompanied by increased levels of intracellular ceramide. Taken together, our results suggest that enhanced Cox expression may account for the observed enhancement of IL-1-mediated PGE2 production by sphingosine and C2-cer. These data also suggest that endogenous sphingomyelin metabolites, generated in response to IL-1, may play an important role in IL-1 signal transduction.

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