Iron therapy in chronic kidney disease

Current controversies

Csaba Kovesdy, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anaemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a complex disease that requires an integrated approach to incorporate both diagnostic and therapeutic interventions and to address the different facets of its aetiology and pathophysiology. The advent of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) has revolutionised the therapy of anaemia of CKD, and has resulted in a significant decline in the need for blood transfusions in CKD patients. The routine application of ESA has also led to the need for concomitant iron supplementation. ESA and iron therapy now form the cornerstone of anaemia management in CKD. Intravenous iron administration is effective with acceptable safety, and may improve ESA responsiveness. However, less is known about the long-term safety of iron supplementation in CKD patients. Whereas maintenance (weekly to monthly) intravenous iron has been routinely used in maintenance dialysis patients, iron replacement in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD is less well studied, in spite of the much larger number of patients affected. This review discusses iron supplementation in CKD with an emphasis toward controversial issues that continue to pose dilemmas in clinical practice. Concerns related to both the optimal amount of iron supplementation and to the safety of various agents available in clinical practice are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-24
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Renal Care
Volume35
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Iron
Hematinics
Anemia
Therapeutics
Safety
Maintenance
Blood Transfusion
Intravenous Administration
Dialysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Iron therapy in chronic kidney disease : Current controversies. / Kovesdy, Csaba; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar.

In: Journal of Renal Care, Vol. 35, No. SUPPL. 2, 01.01.2009, p. 14-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kovesdy, Csaba ; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar. / Iron therapy in chronic kidney disease : Current controversies. In: Journal of Renal Care. 2009 ; Vol. 35, No. SUPPL. 2. pp. 14-24.
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