Knowledge and beliefs regarding the consequences of cigarette smoking and their relationships to smoking status in a biracial sample.

Robert Klesges, G. Somes, R. W. Pascale, L. M. Klesges, M. Murphy, K. Brown, E. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate carefully smoking-related knowledge and beliefs and their relationships to smoking status in a large, heterogeneous sample of smokers and nonsmokers in two settings: (a) a large, biracial southern city and (b) a small midwestern community. Participants were 611 (198 male, 413 female) adult respondents to a random-dialing telephone survey in Fargo, North Dakota (n = 200), and Memphis, Tennessee (n = 411). Each participant was given the Smoking Attitudes Survey, which assesses generalized health beliefs as well as health-related problems associated with smoking. Participants' knowledge of smoking-associated diseases (e.g., lung cancer) and of diseases not associated with smoking (e.g., kidney stones) was assessed. Stepwise regression analysis of composite knowledge scores revealed four independent predictors of the health consequences of smoking: education, race, smoking status, and income. Smokers, compared to nonsmokers, reported less knowledge related to the health consequences of smoking, were more likely to be male, were less concerned with the health consequences of smoking, and were more concerned about the health consequences of cholesterol. The best predictor of smokers who had never attempted cessation was their greater concern over weight control when compared to smokers with a history of smoking cessation attempts. The results are discussed in terms of smoking prevention and intervention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-401
Number of pages15
JournalHealth psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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Smoking
Health
Kidney Calculi
Smoking Cessation
Telephone
Lung Diseases
Lung Neoplasms
Cholesterol
Regression Analysis
Education
Weights and Measures
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Knowledge and beliefs regarding the consequences of cigarette smoking and their relationships to smoking status in a biracial sample. / Klesges, Robert; Somes, G.; Pascale, R. W.; Klesges, L. M.; Murphy, M.; Brown, K.; Williams, E.

In: Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, Vol. 7, No. 5, 01.01.1988, p. 387-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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