Large conductance voltage- and calcium-gated potassium channels (BK) in cerebral artery myocytes of perinatal fetal primates share several major characteristics with the adult phenotype

Shivantika Bisen, Maria N. Simakova, Alejandro Dopico, Anna Bukiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Large conductance voltage- and calcium-gated channels (BK) control fundamental processes, including smooth muscle contractility and artery diameter. We used a baboon (Papio spp) model of pregnancy that is similar to that of humans to characterize BK channels in the middle cerebral artery and its branches in near-term (165 dGa) primate fetuses and corresponding pregnant mothers. In cell-attached patches (K + pipette = 135 mM) on freshly isolated fetal cerebral artery myocytes, BK currents were identified by large conductance, and voltage- and paxilline-sensitive effects. Their calcium sensitivity was confirmed by a lower Vhalf (transmembrane voltage needed to reach half-maximal current) in inside-out patches at 30 versus 3 μM [Ca 2+ ] free . Immunostaining against the BK channel-forming alpha subunit revealed qualitatively similar levels of BK alpha protein-corresponding fluorescence in fetal and maternal myocytes. Fetal and maternal BK currents recorded at 3 μM [Ca 2+ ] free from excised membrane patches had similar unitary current amplitude, and Vhalf. However, subtle differences between fetal and maternal BK channel phenotypes were detected in macroscopic current activation kinetics. To assess BK function at the organ level, fetal and maternal artery branches were pressurized in vitro at 30 mmHg and probed with the selective BK channel blocker paxilline (1 μM). The degree of paxilline-induced constriction was similar in fetal and maternal arteries, yet the constriction of maternal arteries was achieved sooner. In conclusion, we present a first identification and characterization of fetal cerebral artery BK channels in myocytes from primates. Although differences in BK channels between fetal and maternal arteries exist, the similarities reported herein advance the idea that vascular myocyte BK channels are functional near-term, and thus may serve as pharmacological targets during the perinatal-neonatal period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0203199
JournalPloS one
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels
Cerebral Arteries
Potassium Channels
potassium channels
myocytes
arteries
Muscle Cells
Primates
Mothers
Calcium
Phenotype
calcium
phenotype
Arteries
Electric potential
Papio
Constriction
muscle strength
Middle Cerebral Artery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Large conductance voltage- and calcium-gated potassium channels (BK) in cerebral artery myocytes of perinatal fetal primates share several major characteristics with the adult phenotype",
abstract = "Large conductance voltage- and calcium-gated channels (BK) control fundamental processes, including smooth muscle contractility and artery diameter. We used a baboon (Papio spp) model of pregnancy that is similar to that of humans to characterize BK channels in the middle cerebral artery and its branches in near-term (165 dGa) primate fetuses and corresponding pregnant mothers. In cell-attached patches (K + pipette = 135 mM) on freshly isolated fetal cerebral artery myocytes, BK currents were identified by large conductance, and voltage- and paxilline-sensitive effects. Their calcium sensitivity was confirmed by a lower Vhalf (transmembrane voltage needed to reach half-maximal current) in inside-out patches at 30 versus 3 μM [Ca 2+ ] free . Immunostaining against the BK channel-forming alpha subunit revealed qualitatively similar levels of BK alpha protein-corresponding fluorescence in fetal and maternal myocytes. Fetal and maternal BK currents recorded at 3 μM [Ca 2+ ] free from excised membrane patches had similar unitary current amplitude, and Vhalf. However, subtle differences between fetal and maternal BK channel phenotypes were detected in macroscopic current activation kinetics. To assess BK function at the organ level, fetal and maternal artery branches were pressurized in vitro at 30 mmHg and probed with the selective BK channel blocker paxilline (1 μM). The degree of paxilline-induced constriction was similar in fetal and maternal arteries, yet the constriction of maternal arteries was achieved sooner. In conclusion, we present a first identification and characterization of fetal cerebral artery BK channels in myocytes from primates. Although differences in BK channels between fetal and maternal arteries exist, the similarities reported herein advance the idea that vascular myocyte BK channels are functional near-term, and thus may serve as pharmacological targets during the perinatal-neonatal period.",
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T1 - Large conductance voltage- and calcium-gated potassium channels (BK) in cerebral artery myocytes of perinatal fetal primates share several major characteristics with the adult phenotype

AU - Bisen, Shivantika

AU - Simakova, Maria N.

AU - Dopico, Alejandro

AU - Bukiya, Anna

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Large conductance voltage- and calcium-gated channels (BK) control fundamental processes, including smooth muscle contractility and artery diameter. We used a baboon (Papio spp) model of pregnancy that is similar to that of humans to characterize BK channels in the middle cerebral artery and its branches in near-term (165 dGa) primate fetuses and corresponding pregnant mothers. In cell-attached patches (K + pipette = 135 mM) on freshly isolated fetal cerebral artery myocytes, BK currents were identified by large conductance, and voltage- and paxilline-sensitive effects. Their calcium sensitivity was confirmed by a lower Vhalf (transmembrane voltage needed to reach half-maximal current) in inside-out patches at 30 versus 3 μM [Ca 2+ ] free . Immunostaining against the BK channel-forming alpha subunit revealed qualitatively similar levels of BK alpha protein-corresponding fluorescence in fetal and maternal myocytes. Fetal and maternal BK currents recorded at 3 μM [Ca 2+ ] free from excised membrane patches had similar unitary current amplitude, and Vhalf. However, subtle differences between fetal and maternal BK channel phenotypes were detected in macroscopic current activation kinetics. To assess BK function at the organ level, fetal and maternal artery branches were pressurized in vitro at 30 mmHg and probed with the selective BK channel blocker paxilline (1 μM). The degree of paxilline-induced constriction was similar in fetal and maternal arteries, yet the constriction of maternal arteries was achieved sooner. In conclusion, we present a first identification and characterization of fetal cerebral artery BK channels in myocytes from primates. Although differences in BK channels between fetal and maternal arteries exist, the similarities reported herein advance the idea that vascular myocyte BK channels are functional near-term, and thus may serve as pharmacological targets during the perinatal-neonatal period.

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