Learning through interaction in children with autism: Preliminary data from asocial-communication-based intervention

Devin Casenhiser, Stuart G. Shanker, Jim Stieben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study evaluates a social-communication-based approach to autism intervention aimed at improving the social interaction skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We report preliminary results from an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 51 children aged 2 years 0 months to 4 years 11 months. Participants were assigned to either a target treatment or community treatment group. Families in the target treatment group were given 2 hours of therapy and coaching each week in an intervention emphasizing social-interaction and the parent-child relationship. Children in the community treatment group received a variety of services averaging 3.9-hours per week. After 12 months, outcomes were measured to determine changes in the groups in social interaction and communication. In addition, a regression analysis was conducted to determine whether changes in social interaction skills were associated with language development. Results suggest that children in the treatment group made significantly greater gains in social interaction skills in comparison to the community treatment group, but no between-group differences were found for standard language assessments. Initiation of joint attention, involvement, and severity of language delay were found to be significantly associated with improvement of language skills in children with autism. Finally caregiver skills targeted by the intervention were found to be significantly associated with changes in children's interaction skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-241
Number of pages22
JournalAutism
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

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Autistic Disorder
Interpersonal Relations
Communication
Learning
Therapeutics
Language
Language Development Disorders
Parent-Child Relations
Language Development
Caregivers
Randomized Controlled Trials
Regression Analysis
Social Skills

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Learning through interaction in children with autism : Preliminary data from asocial-communication-based intervention. / Casenhiser, Devin; Shanker, Stuart G.; Stieben, Jim.

In: Autism, Vol. 17, No. 2, 01.03.2013, p. 220-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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