Lipoprotein compositional changes with combination hormone therapy (conjugated estrogen and medroxyprogesterone) in African American women

Thomas A. Hughes, Diane Pace, Raymond W. Ke, Elizabeth Tolley, Nauman Qureshi, Frankie Stentz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether combination hormone therapy (HT) significantly alters lipoprotein composition in healthy African American women. Methods: Postmenopausal African American women, 45 to 65 years old, were randomly assigned to receive daily HT (conjugated equine estrogen, 0.625 mg, and medroxyprogesterone, 2.5 mg) or placebo (treated, 44; placebo, 16) for 12 weeks. Lipoproteins were separated by gradient ultracentrifugation into very-low-density, intermediate-density, and low-density lipoproteins (VLDL, IDL, and LDL) and 3 high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions (light, medium, and dense - L, M, and D). Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II, C-III, C-II, and C-I were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Apo B, phospholipids, triglycerides, cholesterol, and free cholesterol were measured by standard assays. Results: Total plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL apo B, and total apo B did not change during HT. A small, transient reduction occurred in LDL cholesterol, and a persistent reduction was noted in VLDL apo B, apo C-II, and apo C-III. Total HDL phospholipids, cholesterol, apo A-I, and apo A-II increased, whereas the LDL/HDL ratio and the apo B/apo A-I ratio decreased. Cholesterol ester increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M, but only a transient increase occurred in HDL-L phospholipids. Apo A-I increased in HDL-L, HDL-M, and HDL-D; however, a similar increase occurred in HDL-D apo A-I in the control subjects. Moreover, an increase occurred in apo A-II in HDL-M. A reduction in the apo A-II:A-I ratio in HDL-L but not in HDL-M indicated an increase in HDL-L LpA-I particles. The increase in HDL particles in HDL-M was entirely due to an increase in LpA-I:A-II particles. Apo CIII increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M. The absence of changes in the HDL lipid ratios indicated an unaltered lipid composition of these particles. No changes were found in IDL compositional measurements. In 12 treated patients and 4 control subjects, Lp(a) was detected by ultracentrifugation; no changes were noted in Lp(a) composition or quantity with HT. Total Lp(a) measured by enzyme immunosorbent assay showed a trend toward an increase in treated patients after 12 weeks of HT. Conclusion: African American women had a beneficial response to HT by increasing the number of LpA-I particles in HDL-L and LpA-I:A-II particles in HDL-M as well as cholesterol esters in both. There was a small reduction in VLDL apo B (and thus particle number) but only a transient reduction in LDL cholesterol. A shift of apo C-III from VLDL to HDL was noted. No detrimental changes occurred in any lipoprotein subfraction (specifically, no increase in triglycerides).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Practice
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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Medroxyprogesterone
Conjugated (USP) Estrogens
HDL Lipoproteins
African Americans
Lipoproteins
Hormones
Apolipoproteins B
Apolipoprotein A-I
Therapeutics
Apolipoprotein A-II
Apolipoprotein C-III
LDL Cholesterol
Phospholipids
Cholesterol Esters
Ultracentrifugation
Triglycerides
Apolipoprotein C-II

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Lipoprotein compositional changes with combination hormone therapy (conjugated estrogen and medroxyprogesterone) in African American women. / Hughes, Thomas A.; Pace, Diane; Ke, Raymond W.; Tolley, Elizabeth; Qureshi, Nauman; Stentz, Frankie.

In: Endocrine Practice, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.01.2004, p. 179-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Lipoprotein compositional changes with combination hormone therapy (conjugated estrogen and medroxyprogesterone) in African American women",
abstract = "Objective: To determine whether combination hormone therapy (HT) significantly alters lipoprotein composition in healthy African American women. Methods: Postmenopausal African American women, 45 to 65 years old, were randomly assigned to receive daily HT (conjugated equine estrogen, 0.625 mg, and medroxyprogesterone, 2.5 mg) or placebo (treated, 44; placebo, 16) for 12 weeks. Lipoproteins were separated by gradient ultracentrifugation into very-low-density, intermediate-density, and low-density lipoproteins (VLDL, IDL, and LDL) and 3 high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions (light, medium, and dense - L, M, and D). Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II, C-III, C-II, and C-I were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Apo B, phospholipids, triglycerides, cholesterol, and free cholesterol were measured by standard assays. Results: Total plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL apo B, and total apo B did not change during HT. A small, transient reduction occurred in LDL cholesterol, and a persistent reduction was noted in VLDL apo B, apo C-II, and apo C-III. Total HDL phospholipids, cholesterol, apo A-I, and apo A-II increased, whereas the LDL/HDL ratio and the apo B/apo A-I ratio decreased. Cholesterol ester increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M, but only a transient increase occurred in HDL-L phospholipids. Apo A-I increased in HDL-L, HDL-M, and HDL-D; however, a similar increase occurred in HDL-D apo A-I in the control subjects. Moreover, an increase occurred in apo A-II in HDL-M. A reduction in the apo A-II:A-I ratio in HDL-L but not in HDL-M indicated an increase in HDL-L LpA-I particles. The increase in HDL particles in HDL-M was entirely due to an increase in LpA-I:A-II particles. Apo CIII increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M. The absence of changes in the HDL lipid ratios indicated an unaltered lipid composition of these particles. No changes were found in IDL compositional measurements. In 12 treated patients and 4 control subjects, Lp(a) was detected by ultracentrifugation; no changes were noted in Lp(a) composition or quantity with HT. Total Lp(a) measured by enzyme immunosorbent assay showed a trend toward an increase in treated patients after 12 weeks of HT. Conclusion: African American women had a beneficial response to HT by increasing the number of LpA-I particles in HDL-L and LpA-I:A-II particles in HDL-M as well as cholesterol esters in both. There was a small reduction in VLDL apo B (and thus particle number) but only a transient reduction in LDL cholesterol. A shift of apo C-III from VLDL to HDL was noted. No detrimental changes occurred in any lipoprotein subfraction (specifically, no increase in triglycerides).",
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T1 - Lipoprotein compositional changes with combination hormone therapy (conjugated estrogen and medroxyprogesterone) in African American women

AU - Hughes, Thomas A.

AU - Pace, Diane

AU - Ke, Raymond W.

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AU - Qureshi, Nauman

AU - Stentz, Frankie

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N2 - Objective: To determine whether combination hormone therapy (HT) significantly alters lipoprotein composition in healthy African American women. Methods: Postmenopausal African American women, 45 to 65 years old, were randomly assigned to receive daily HT (conjugated equine estrogen, 0.625 mg, and medroxyprogesterone, 2.5 mg) or placebo (treated, 44; placebo, 16) for 12 weeks. Lipoproteins were separated by gradient ultracentrifugation into very-low-density, intermediate-density, and low-density lipoproteins (VLDL, IDL, and LDL) and 3 high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions (light, medium, and dense - L, M, and D). Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II, C-III, C-II, and C-I were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Apo B, phospholipids, triglycerides, cholesterol, and free cholesterol were measured by standard assays. Results: Total plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL apo B, and total apo B did not change during HT. A small, transient reduction occurred in LDL cholesterol, and a persistent reduction was noted in VLDL apo B, apo C-II, and apo C-III. Total HDL phospholipids, cholesterol, apo A-I, and apo A-II increased, whereas the LDL/HDL ratio and the apo B/apo A-I ratio decreased. Cholesterol ester increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M, but only a transient increase occurred in HDL-L phospholipids. Apo A-I increased in HDL-L, HDL-M, and HDL-D; however, a similar increase occurred in HDL-D apo A-I in the control subjects. Moreover, an increase occurred in apo A-II in HDL-M. A reduction in the apo A-II:A-I ratio in HDL-L but not in HDL-M indicated an increase in HDL-L LpA-I particles. The increase in HDL particles in HDL-M was entirely due to an increase in LpA-I:A-II particles. Apo CIII increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M. The absence of changes in the HDL lipid ratios indicated an unaltered lipid composition of these particles. No changes were found in IDL compositional measurements. In 12 treated patients and 4 control subjects, Lp(a) was detected by ultracentrifugation; no changes were noted in Lp(a) composition or quantity with HT. Total Lp(a) measured by enzyme immunosorbent assay showed a trend toward an increase in treated patients after 12 weeks of HT. Conclusion: African American women had a beneficial response to HT by increasing the number of LpA-I particles in HDL-L and LpA-I:A-II particles in HDL-M as well as cholesterol esters in both. There was a small reduction in VLDL apo B (and thus particle number) but only a transient reduction in LDL cholesterol. A shift of apo C-III from VLDL to HDL was noted. No detrimental changes occurred in any lipoprotein subfraction (specifically, no increase in triglycerides).

AB - Objective: To determine whether combination hormone therapy (HT) significantly alters lipoprotein composition in healthy African American women. Methods: Postmenopausal African American women, 45 to 65 years old, were randomly assigned to receive daily HT (conjugated equine estrogen, 0.625 mg, and medroxyprogesterone, 2.5 mg) or placebo (treated, 44; placebo, 16) for 12 weeks. Lipoproteins were separated by gradient ultracentrifugation into very-low-density, intermediate-density, and low-density lipoproteins (VLDL, IDL, and LDL) and 3 high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions (light, medium, and dense - L, M, and D). Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II, C-III, C-II, and C-I were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Apo B, phospholipids, triglycerides, cholesterol, and free cholesterol were measured by standard assays. Results: Total plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL apo B, and total apo B did not change during HT. A small, transient reduction occurred in LDL cholesterol, and a persistent reduction was noted in VLDL apo B, apo C-II, and apo C-III. Total HDL phospholipids, cholesterol, apo A-I, and apo A-II increased, whereas the LDL/HDL ratio and the apo B/apo A-I ratio decreased. Cholesterol ester increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M, but only a transient increase occurred in HDL-L phospholipids. Apo A-I increased in HDL-L, HDL-M, and HDL-D; however, a similar increase occurred in HDL-D apo A-I in the control subjects. Moreover, an increase occurred in apo A-II in HDL-M. A reduction in the apo A-II:A-I ratio in HDL-L but not in HDL-M indicated an increase in HDL-L LpA-I particles. The increase in HDL particles in HDL-M was entirely due to an increase in LpA-I:A-II particles. Apo CIII increased in both HDL-L and HDL-M. The absence of changes in the HDL lipid ratios indicated an unaltered lipid composition of these particles. No changes were found in IDL compositional measurements. In 12 treated patients and 4 control subjects, Lp(a) was detected by ultracentrifugation; no changes were noted in Lp(a) composition or quantity with HT. Total Lp(a) measured by enzyme immunosorbent assay showed a trend toward an increase in treated patients after 12 weeks of HT. Conclusion: African American women had a beneficial response to HT by increasing the number of LpA-I particles in HDL-L and LpA-I:A-II particles in HDL-M as well as cholesterol esters in both. There was a small reduction in VLDL apo B (and thus particle number) but only a transient reduction in LDL cholesterol. A shift of apo C-III from VLDL to HDL was noted. No detrimental changes occurred in any lipoprotein subfraction (specifically, no increase in triglycerides).

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