Lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase deficiencies associated with impaired chylomicron clearance in D-(+) galactosamine hepatitis

Dennis Black, Michael R. Freeman, Seymour M. Sabesin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

D-(+) galactosamine (GalN) produces a reversible form of hepatic injury in the rat, accompanied by alterations in morphology and composition of plasma lipoproteins in the fasting state. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hepatic lipase (HL) activities were measured in fasting control and GalN rats 24 hr after GalN injection and initiation of fasting. Significant (p < 0.001) deficiencies of both enzymes were noted in GalN animals as compared to controls with LPL activity decreasing to 37.6% and HL activity to 23.2% of control values in GalN animals. Serial enzyme determinations performed in both GalN and control animals after gastric fat loading revealed an early persistent HL deficiency (p < 0.025) at 9 hr after GalN injection and initiation of fasting which persisted after the fat loading at 15 hr, and a later appearing LPL deficiency (p < 0.025) was noted at 24 hr after GalN injection and at 9 hr after fat loading. Serial compositional studies of plasma lipoproteins in pooled specimens after a gastric fat load revealed a marked chylomicronemia in GalN animals compared to controls which reached a maximum at 12 hr after fat loading. A slight increase in VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) triglyceride and total cholesterol (CH) and a late-appearing (16 hr after fat loading) LDL (low density lipoprotein) CH peak, consisting mostly of unesterified CH, were also noted in GalN rats as compared to control animals. These data demonstrate a defect in chylomicron (CM) catabolism in GalN hepatopathy in the rat which is probably secondary to the observed severe LPL and HL deficiencies, although other factors such as activator deficiency, plasma inhibitory substances, and a defective CM particle may be important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-626
Number of pages7
JournalMetabolism
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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Hepatitis D
Chylomicrons
Galactosamine
Lipoprotein Lipase
Lipase
Liver
Fats
Fasting
Injections
Lipoproteins
Stomach
Hyperlipoproteinemia Type I
Cholesterol
Enzymes
LDL Cholesterol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase deficiencies associated with impaired chylomicron clearance in D-(+) galactosamine hepatitis. / Black, Dennis; Freeman, Michael R.; Sabesin, Seymour M.

In: Metabolism, Vol. 31, No. 6, 01.01.1982, p. 620-626.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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