Massive Hemoptysis in Cystic Fibrosis

Donald K. Porter, Marvin J. Van Every, Raymond F. Anthracite, John Mack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Massive hemoptysis occurs in 5% to 7% of patients with cystic fibrosis. Approximately 11% of these patients will die within 48 hours of manifestation because of uncontrolled hemoptysis and asphyxiation. If conservative medical treatment fails to control hemoptysis, fiberoptic or rigid bronchoscopy is the least risky and most accurate method of localizing the source of hemoptysis. Acute control of hemoptysis can be obtained in up to 100% of patients with endobronchial Fogarty balloon tamponade and in up to 88% of patients with bronchial artery embolization. Emergency thoracotomy can be performed if the above fail, but only in patients with mild cystic fibrosis and adequate pulmonary reserve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-290
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume143
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Hemoptysis
Cystic Fibrosis
Bronchial Arteries
Balloon Occlusion
Asphyxia
Bronchoscopy
Thoracotomy
Emergencies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Massive Hemoptysis in Cystic Fibrosis. / Porter, Donald K.; Van Every, Marvin J.; Anthracite, Raymond F.; Mack, John.

In: Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 143, No. 2, 01.01.1983, p. 287-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Porter, Donald K. ; Van Every, Marvin J. ; Anthracite, Raymond F. ; Mack, John. / Massive Hemoptysis in Cystic Fibrosis. In: Archives of Internal Medicine. 1983 ; Vol. 143, No. 2. pp. 287-290.
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