Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population

Stephen J. Sheinkopf, Elena J. Tenenbaum, Daniel S. Messinger, Cynthia L. Miller-Loncar, Ed Tronick, Linda L. Lagasse, Seetha Shankaran, Henrietta Bada, Charles Bauer, Toni Whitaker, Jane Hammond, Barry M. Lester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Using existing longitudinal data from 570 infants in the Maternal Lifestyle Study, we explored the predictive value of maternal and infant affect and maternal vocalizations during 2 minutes of face-to-face interactions at 4 months on IQ scores at 4.5 and 7 years. After controlling for demographic factors, maternal depression, and prenatal drug exposure, maternal positive affect and maternal positive vocalizations emerged as predictors of both verbal and performance IQ at 4.5 and 7 years. Although infant positive affect during the interaction with the mother was not predictive of these outcome measures, infant positive affect towards an examiner predicted verbal but not performance IQ at 4.5 years. These results suggest that maternal positive affect may index emotional engagement in interaction that facilitates both verbal and nonverbal cognitive development, while infant social positive affect is specifically related to the acquisition of verbal reasoning abilities. These findings are significant because they are based on a discrete snapshot of observable behavior in infancy (just 2 minutes of interaction), because they extend the range of maternal behaviors and characteristics known to support positive developmental outcomes, and because they are derived from high-risk infants where prevention efforts may be beneficial. Potential mechanisms for these associations are discussed, as are the clinical implications for identifying dyads most in need of targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12479
JournalDevelopmental Science
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Mothers
Population
Maternal Exposure
Maternal Behavior
Aptitude
Child Development
Life Style
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Depression
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Sheinkopf, S. J., Tenenbaum, E. J., Messinger, D. S., Miller-Loncar, C. L., Tronick, E., Lagasse, L. L., ... Lester, B. M. (2017). Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population. Developmental Science, 20(5), [e12479]. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12479

Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population. / Sheinkopf, Stephen J.; Tenenbaum, Elena J.; Messinger, Daniel S.; Miller-Loncar, Cynthia L.; Tronick, Ed; Lagasse, Linda L.; Shankaran, Seetha; Bada, Henrietta; Bauer, Charles; Whitaker, Toni; Hammond, Jane; Lester, Barry M.

In: Developmental Science, Vol. 20, No. 5, e12479, 01.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheinkopf, SJ, Tenenbaum, EJ, Messinger, DS, Miller-Loncar, CL, Tronick, E, Lagasse, LL, Shankaran, S, Bada, H, Bauer, C, Whitaker, T, Hammond, J & Lester, BM 2017, 'Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population', Developmental Science, vol. 20, no. 5, e12479. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12479
Sheinkopf SJ, Tenenbaum EJ, Messinger DS, Miller-Loncar CL, Tronick E, Lagasse LL et al. Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population. Developmental Science. 2017 Sep 1;20(5). e12479. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12479
Sheinkopf, Stephen J. ; Tenenbaum, Elena J. ; Messinger, Daniel S. ; Miller-Loncar, Cynthia L. ; Tronick, Ed ; Lagasse, Linda L. ; Shankaran, Seetha ; Bada, Henrietta ; Bauer, Charles ; Whitaker, Toni ; Hammond, Jane ; Lester, Barry M. / Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population. In: Developmental Science. 2017 ; Vol. 20, No. 5.
@article{06ca5d9d654742f184613672d1464e66,
title = "Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population",
abstract = "Using existing longitudinal data from 570 infants in the Maternal Lifestyle Study, we explored the predictive value of maternal and infant affect and maternal vocalizations during 2 minutes of face-to-face interactions at 4 months on IQ scores at 4.5 and 7 years. After controlling for demographic factors, maternal depression, and prenatal drug exposure, maternal positive affect and maternal positive vocalizations emerged as predictors of both verbal and performance IQ at 4.5 and 7 years. Although infant positive affect during the interaction with the mother was not predictive of these outcome measures, infant positive affect towards an examiner predicted verbal but not performance IQ at 4.5 years. These results suggest that maternal positive affect may index emotional engagement in interaction that facilitates both verbal and nonverbal cognitive development, while infant social positive affect is specifically related to the acquisition of verbal reasoning abilities. These findings are significant because they are based on a discrete snapshot of observable behavior in infancy (just 2 minutes of interaction), because they extend the range of maternal behaviors and characteristics known to support positive developmental outcomes, and because they are derived from high-risk infants where prevention efforts may be beneficial. Potential mechanisms for these associations are discussed, as are the clinical implications for identifying dyads most in need of targeted interventions.",
author = "Sheinkopf, {Stephen J.} and Tenenbaum, {Elena J.} and Messinger, {Daniel S.} and Miller-Loncar, {Cynthia L.} and Ed Tronick and Lagasse, {Linda L.} and Seetha Shankaran and Henrietta Bada and Charles Bauer and Toni Whitaker and Jane Hammond and Lester, {Barry M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/desc.12479",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
journal = "Developmental Science",
issn = "1363-755X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal and infant affect at 4 months predicts performance and verbal IQ at 4 and 7 years in a diverse population

AU - Sheinkopf, Stephen J.

AU - Tenenbaum, Elena J.

AU - Messinger, Daniel S.

AU - Miller-Loncar, Cynthia L.

AU - Tronick, Ed

AU - Lagasse, Linda L.

AU - Shankaran, Seetha

AU - Bada, Henrietta

AU - Bauer, Charles

AU - Whitaker, Toni

AU - Hammond, Jane

AU - Lester, Barry M.

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Using existing longitudinal data from 570 infants in the Maternal Lifestyle Study, we explored the predictive value of maternal and infant affect and maternal vocalizations during 2 minutes of face-to-face interactions at 4 months on IQ scores at 4.5 and 7 years. After controlling for demographic factors, maternal depression, and prenatal drug exposure, maternal positive affect and maternal positive vocalizations emerged as predictors of both verbal and performance IQ at 4.5 and 7 years. Although infant positive affect during the interaction with the mother was not predictive of these outcome measures, infant positive affect towards an examiner predicted verbal but not performance IQ at 4.5 years. These results suggest that maternal positive affect may index emotional engagement in interaction that facilitates both verbal and nonverbal cognitive development, while infant social positive affect is specifically related to the acquisition of verbal reasoning abilities. These findings are significant because they are based on a discrete snapshot of observable behavior in infancy (just 2 minutes of interaction), because they extend the range of maternal behaviors and characteristics known to support positive developmental outcomes, and because they are derived from high-risk infants where prevention efforts may be beneficial. Potential mechanisms for these associations are discussed, as are the clinical implications for identifying dyads most in need of targeted interventions.

AB - Using existing longitudinal data from 570 infants in the Maternal Lifestyle Study, we explored the predictive value of maternal and infant affect and maternal vocalizations during 2 minutes of face-to-face interactions at 4 months on IQ scores at 4.5 and 7 years. After controlling for demographic factors, maternal depression, and prenatal drug exposure, maternal positive affect and maternal positive vocalizations emerged as predictors of both verbal and performance IQ at 4.5 and 7 years. Although infant positive affect during the interaction with the mother was not predictive of these outcome measures, infant positive affect towards an examiner predicted verbal but not performance IQ at 4.5 years. These results suggest that maternal positive affect may index emotional engagement in interaction that facilitates both verbal and nonverbal cognitive development, while infant social positive affect is specifically related to the acquisition of verbal reasoning abilities. These findings are significant because they are based on a discrete snapshot of observable behavior in infancy (just 2 minutes of interaction), because they extend the range of maternal behaviors and characteristics known to support positive developmental outcomes, and because they are derived from high-risk infants where prevention efforts may be beneficial. Potential mechanisms for these associations are discussed, as are the clinical implications for identifying dyads most in need of targeted interventions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84997113333&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84997113333&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/desc.12479

DO - 10.1111/desc.12479

M3 - Article

C2 - 27774733

AN - SCOPUS:84997113333

VL - 20

JO - Developmental Science

JF - Developmental Science

SN - 1363-755X

IS - 5

M1 - e12479

ER -