### Abstract

Background: Arterial diameter changes are known to impact wall thickness, but the clinical relevance of the changes is unclear. Aim: To use known mathematical relationships to estimate anticipated changes in arterial wall thicknesses occurring with enlargement of atherosclerotic regions. Design: Mathematical relationships between a cylinder's diameter and its wall thickness were used to calculate the theoretical effect of diameter enlargement on the thickness of an atherosclerotic wall. Methods: Equating the wall areas of two cylinders, one of smaller diameter than the other, allowed estimation of the degree of thickening that would be needed to maintain intima-medial thickness (IMT) after arterial remodelling. The difference in cylinder diameters was based on arterial diameter enlargement reported with atherosclerosis progression. Thus, the calculated wall changes estimate arterial changes which could go undetected if only IMT is measured by ultrasound. Results: The expected IMT change for diameter enlargement is not a linear function of the diameter change, but varies depending upon initial size (diameter and IMT). Thus a 0.6 mm arterial diameter enlargement would be expected to cause a 0.039-0.235 mm change in IMT, depending on artery size. The estimated IMT change is similar to that associated with major atherosclerotic risk factors. Discussion: The level of vascular remodelling reported with atherosclerosis could have a measurable impact on IMT, suggesting that indicators incorporating both diameter and IMT may be better disease indicators than IMT alone. Arterial diameters, as well as IMT, should be obtained in ultrasound studies of atherosclersis.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 729-737 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | QJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians |

Volume | 97 |

Issue number | 11 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Nov 1 2004 |

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### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Medicine(all)

### Cite this

*QJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians*,

*97*(11), 729-737. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hch120

**Mathematical estimation of the potential effect of vascular remodelling/dilatation on B-mode ultrasound intima-medial thickness.** / Eigenbrodt, Marshal L.; Bursac, Zoran; Eigenbrodt, E. P.; Couper, D. J.; Tracy, R. E.; Mehta, J. L.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*QJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians*, vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 729-737. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hch120

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mathematical estimation of the potential effect of vascular remodelling/dilatation on B-mode ultrasound intima-medial thickness

AU - Eigenbrodt, Marshal L.

AU - Bursac, Zoran

AU - Eigenbrodt, E. P.

AU - Couper, D. J.

AU - Tracy, R. E.

AU - Mehta, J. L.

PY - 2004/11/1

Y1 - 2004/11/1

N2 - Background: Arterial diameter changes are known to impact wall thickness, but the clinical relevance of the changes is unclear. Aim: To use known mathematical relationships to estimate anticipated changes in arterial wall thicknesses occurring with enlargement of atherosclerotic regions. Design: Mathematical relationships between a cylinder's diameter and its wall thickness were used to calculate the theoretical effect of diameter enlargement on the thickness of an atherosclerotic wall. Methods: Equating the wall areas of two cylinders, one of smaller diameter than the other, allowed estimation of the degree of thickening that would be needed to maintain intima-medial thickness (IMT) after arterial remodelling. The difference in cylinder diameters was based on arterial diameter enlargement reported with atherosclerosis progression. Thus, the calculated wall changes estimate arterial changes which could go undetected if only IMT is measured by ultrasound. Results: The expected IMT change for diameter enlargement is not a linear function of the diameter change, but varies depending upon initial size (diameter and IMT). Thus a 0.6 mm arterial diameter enlargement would be expected to cause a 0.039-0.235 mm change in IMT, depending on artery size. The estimated IMT change is similar to that associated with major atherosclerotic risk factors. Discussion: The level of vascular remodelling reported with atherosclerosis could have a measurable impact on IMT, suggesting that indicators incorporating both diameter and IMT may be better disease indicators than IMT alone. Arterial diameters, as well as IMT, should be obtained in ultrasound studies of atherosclersis.

AB - Background: Arterial diameter changes are known to impact wall thickness, but the clinical relevance of the changes is unclear. Aim: To use known mathematical relationships to estimate anticipated changes in arterial wall thicknesses occurring with enlargement of atherosclerotic regions. Design: Mathematical relationships between a cylinder's diameter and its wall thickness were used to calculate the theoretical effect of diameter enlargement on the thickness of an atherosclerotic wall. Methods: Equating the wall areas of two cylinders, one of smaller diameter than the other, allowed estimation of the degree of thickening that would be needed to maintain intima-medial thickness (IMT) after arterial remodelling. The difference in cylinder diameters was based on arterial diameter enlargement reported with atherosclerosis progression. Thus, the calculated wall changes estimate arterial changes which could go undetected if only IMT is measured by ultrasound. Results: The expected IMT change for diameter enlargement is not a linear function of the diameter change, but varies depending upon initial size (diameter and IMT). Thus a 0.6 mm arterial diameter enlargement would be expected to cause a 0.039-0.235 mm change in IMT, depending on artery size. The estimated IMT change is similar to that associated with major atherosclerotic risk factors. Discussion: The level of vascular remodelling reported with atherosclerosis could have a measurable impact on IMT, suggesting that indicators incorporating both diameter and IMT may be better disease indicators than IMT alone. Arterial diameters, as well as IMT, should be obtained in ultrasound studies of atherosclersis.

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U2 - 10.1093/qjmed/hch120

DO - 10.1093/qjmed/hch120

M3 - Article

VL - 97

SP - 729

EP - 737

JO - QJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians

JF - QJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians

SN - 1460-2725

IS - 11

ER -