Measurement characteristics of dietary psychosocial scales in a weight gain prevention study with 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls

D. A. Sherrill-Mittleman, L. M. Klesges, J. Q. Lanctot, M. B. Stockton, Robert Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few measurement instruments for children's eating behaviors and beliefs have been specifically validated for African-American children. Validation within this population is important because of potential cultural and ethnic influences. Objectives were to evaluate established and newly developed or adapted dietary psychosocial measures in a sample of 303 preadolescent African-American girls and their caregivers. Acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's α ≥ 0.70) was found for measures of girls' self-efficacy for healthy eating, outcome expectancies for healthy eating, positive family support for healthy eating and household availability of low-fat food and fruit, juice and vegetables (FJV). Evidence for concurrent validity was found with significant associations between self-efficacy for healthy eating and lower intake of energy (r = -0.17) and fat grams (r = -0.16). Greater FJV availability was associated with greater FJV intake (r = 0.14) and lower body mass index (BMI) in girls (r = -0.12). Positive family support for healthy eating was associated with higher BMI in girls (r = 0.41). These results contribute to the development of scales to evaluate prevention interventions related to dietary intake in African-American children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-595
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

Fingerprint

eating behavior
African Americans
Weight Gain
vegetables
Self Efficacy
Body Mass Index
Fats
self-efficacy
Child Behavior
Feeding Behavior
measurement method
Energy Intake
Caregivers
caregiver
Healthy Diet
American
Food
food
energy
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Measurement characteristics of dietary psychosocial scales in a weight gain prevention study with 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls. / Sherrill-Mittleman, D. A.; Klesges, L. M.; Lanctot, J. Q.; Stockton, M. B.; Klesges, Robert.

In: Health Education Research, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.08.2009, p. 586-595.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sherrill-Mittleman, D. A. ; Klesges, L. M. ; Lanctot, J. Q. ; Stockton, M. B. ; Klesges, Robert. / Measurement characteristics of dietary psychosocial scales in a weight gain prevention study with 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls. In: Health Education Research. 2009 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 586-595.
@article{b6c8ed571ad14ff1b164783d89cba1b4,
title = "Measurement characteristics of dietary psychosocial scales in a weight gain prevention study with 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls",
abstract = "Few measurement instruments for children's eating behaviors and beliefs have been specifically validated for African-American children. Validation within this population is important because of potential cultural and ethnic influences. Objectives were to evaluate established and newly developed or adapted dietary psychosocial measures in a sample of 303 preadolescent African-American girls and their caregivers. Acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's α ≥ 0.70) was found for measures of girls' self-efficacy for healthy eating, outcome expectancies for healthy eating, positive family support for healthy eating and household availability of low-fat food and fruit, juice and vegetables (FJV). Evidence for concurrent validity was found with significant associations between self-efficacy for healthy eating and lower intake of energy (r = -0.17) and fat grams (r = -0.16). Greater FJV availability was associated with greater FJV intake (r = 0.14) and lower body mass index (BMI) in girls (r = -0.12). Positive family support for healthy eating was associated with higher BMI in girls (r = 0.41). These results contribute to the development of scales to evaluate prevention interventions related to dietary intake in African-American children.",
author = "Sherrill-Mittleman, {D. A.} and Klesges, {L. M.} and Lanctot, {J. Q.} and Stockton, {M. B.} and Robert Klesges",
year = "2009",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/her/cyn059",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "586--595",
journal = "Health Education Research",
issn = "0268-1153",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement characteristics of dietary psychosocial scales in a weight gain prevention study with 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls

AU - Sherrill-Mittleman, D. A.

AU - Klesges, L. M.

AU - Lanctot, J. Q.

AU - Stockton, M. B.

AU - Klesges, Robert

PY - 2009/8/1

Y1 - 2009/8/1

N2 - Few measurement instruments for children's eating behaviors and beliefs have been specifically validated for African-American children. Validation within this population is important because of potential cultural and ethnic influences. Objectives were to evaluate established and newly developed or adapted dietary psychosocial measures in a sample of 303 preadolescent African-American girls and their caregivers. Acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's α ≥ 0.70) was found for measures of girls' self-efficacy for healthy eating, outcome expectancies for healthy eating, positive family support for healthy eating and household availability of low-fat food and fruit, juice and vegetables (FJV). Evidence for concurrent validity was found with significant associations between self-efficacy for healthy eating and lower intake of energy (r = -0.17) and fat grams (r = -0.16). Greater FJV availability was associated with greater FJV intake (r = 0.14) and lower body mass index (BMI) in girls (r = -0.12). Positive family support for healthy eating was associated with higher BMI in girls (r = 0.41). These results contribute to the development of scales to evaluate prevention interventions related to dietary intake in African-American children.

AB - Few measurement instruments for children's eating behaviors and beliefs have been specifically validated for African-American children. Validation within this population is important because of potential cultural and ethnic influences. Objectives were to evaluate established and newly developed or adapted dietary psychosocial measures in a sample of 303 preadolescent African-American girls and their caregivers. Acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's α ≥ 0.70) was found for measures of girls' self-efficacy for healthy eating, outcome expectancies for healthy eating, positive family support for healthy eating and household availability of low-fat food and fruit, juice and vegetables (FJV). Evidence for concurrent validity was found with significant associations between self-efficacy for healthy eating and lower intake of energy (r = -0.17) and fat grams (r = -0.16). Greater FJV availability was associated with greater FJV intake (r = 0.14) and lower body mass index (BMI) in girls (r = -0.12). Positive family support for healthy eating was associated with higher BMI in girls (r = 0.41). These results contribute to the development of scales to evaluate prevention interventions related to dietary intake in African-American children.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67650922377&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67650922377&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/her/cyn059

DO - 10.1093/her/cyn059

M3 - Article

C2 - 19075296

AN - SCOPUS:67650922377

VL - 24

SP - 586

EP - 595

JO - Health Education Research

JF - Health Education Research

SN - 0268-1153

IS - 4

ER -