Melanocytic lesions associated with dermatofibromas

A spectrum of lesions ranging from junctional nevus to malignant melanoma in situ

Roy King, Paul Googe, Robert Page, Martin C. Mihm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dermatofibromas are common lesions that are often associated with epidermal hyperplasia and basal layer hyperpigmentation. A single case of lentiginous melanocytic hyperplasia overlying a dermatofibroma has been reported, however, nevi and melanoma have to the best of our knowledge, not been previously reported. We present 14 cases of melanocytic lesions associated with dermatofibromas. The clinical data and hematoxylin- and eosin- stained sections were obtained and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue was immunostained with antibodies against S-100, Mart-1, Factor XIIIa, and CD117. There were nine females and five males ranging in age from 30 to 64 years and anatomic sites included back (five), arm (six), flank (two), and leg (one). The clinical diagnosis ranged from dermatofibroma to desmoplastic melanoma. Histologically, the melanocytic lesions included junctional, compound, and dermal nevi, and malignant melanoma in situ. In four cases the dermal component appeared to merge with the dermatofibroma. In the case of the melanoma in situ, the dermatofibroma abutted the epidermis. Immunohistochemically, the melanocytic lesions were S-100/Mart-1+, FXIIIa-, and the dermatofibromas were S-100/Mart-1-, FXIIIa+. Melanocytic neoplasia may appear in association with dermatofibromas. The fibrohistiocytic proliferation may be misinterpreted as a spindle or pleomorphic melanocytic process. Awareness of this association will aid in the correct diagnosis, and immunohistochemical studies will help in the differentiation of these two cell populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1043-1047
Number of pages5
JournalModern Pathology
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

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Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma
Nevus
Melanoma
Nevi and Melanomas
Hyperplasia
Factor XIIIa
Skin
Hyperpigmentation
Hematoxylin
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Epidermis
Paraffin
Formaldehyde
Cell Differentiation
Leg
Arm
Antibodies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Melanocytic lesions associated with dermatofibromas: A spectrum of lesions ranging from junctional nevus to malignant melanoma in situ",
abstract = "Dermatofibromas are common lesions that are often associated with epidermal hyperplasia and basal layer hyperpigmentation. A single case of lentiginous melanocytic hyperplasia overlying a dermatofibroma has been reported, however, nevi and melanoma have to the best of our knowledge, not been previously reported. We present 14 cases of melanocytic lesions associated with dermatofibromas. The clinical data and hematoxylin- and eosin- stained sections were obtained and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue was immunostained with antibodies against S-100, Mart-1, Factor XIIIa, and CD117. There were nine females and five males ranging in age from 30 to 64 years and anatomic sites included back (five), arm (six), flank (two), and leg (one). The clinical diagnosis ranged from dermatofibroma to desmoplastic melanoma. Histologically, the melanocytic lesions included junctional, compound, and dermal nevi, and malignant melanoma in situ. In four cases the dermal component appeared to merge with the dermatofibroma. In the case of the melanoma in situ, the dermatofibroma abutted the epidermis. Immunohistochemically, the melanocytic lesions were S-100/Mart-1+, FXIIIa-, and the dermatofibromas were S-100/Mart-1-, FXIIIa+. Melanocytic neoplasia may appear in association with dermatofibromas. The fibrohistiocytic proliferation may be misinterpreted as a spindle or pleomorphic melanocytic process. Awareness of this association will aid in the correct diagnosis, and immunohistochemical studies will help in the differentiation of these two cell populations.",
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AU - Mihm, Martin C.

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AB - Dermatofibromas are common lesions that are often associated with epidermal hyperplasia and basal layer hyperpigmentation. A single case of lentiginous melanocytic hyperplasia overlying a dermatofibroma has been reported, however, nevi and melanoma have to the best of our knowledge, not been previously reported. We present 14 cases of melanocytic lesions associated with dermatofibromas. The clinical data and hematoxylin- and eosin- stained sections were obtained and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue was immunostained with antibodies against S-100, Mart-1, Factor XIIIa, and CD117. There were nine females and five males ranging in age from 30 to 64 years and anatomic sites included back (five), arm (six), flank (two), and leg (one). The clinical diagnosis ranged from dermatofibroma to desmoplastic melanoma. Histologically, the melanocytic lesions included junctional, compound, and dermal nevi, and malignant melanoma in situ. In four cases the dermal component appeared to merge with the dermatofibroma. In the case of the melanoma in situ, the dermatofibroma abutted the epidermis. Immunohistochemically, the melanocytic lesions were S-100/Mart-1+, FXIIIa-, and the dermatofibromas were S-100/Mart-1-, FXIIIa+. Melanocytic neoplasia may appear in association with dermatofibromas. The fibrohistiocytic proliferation may be misinterpreted as a spindle or pleomorphic melanocytic process. Awareness of this association will aid in the correct diagnosis, and immunohistochemical studies will help in the differentiation of these two cell populations.

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