Metered dose inhaler-spacer technique in hospitalized geriatric patients

Effect of patient education by a pharmacist

Valerie Strayhorn Smith, Elizabeth Tolley, Kutay Demirkan, Timothy Self

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if hospitalized geriatric patients could correctly use a metered dose inhaler plus spacer (MDI-spacer) after a brief description and demonstration of proper use by a pharmacist. Twenty-three geriatric patients admitted to a university hospital were evaluated. Patients were asked to use the MDI-spacer (Aerochamber) and were scored using a 9-point checklist (pretest). Educational intervention by the pharmacist consisted of a 5-minute discussion and correct demonstration of the device. Patients were then asked to use the device again (post-test). The overall score improved from 60.4% to 88.9% after patient education (p = 0.0001), with exhaling slowly (step 4), inhaling slowly over 4 to 5 seconds (step 7), and holding breath for at least 4 seconds (step 8) showing the largest improvement, and five of nine steps having significant improvement. For the overall score, there were no differences between genders in this group of geriatric patients, including pretest and post-test. A pharmacist was an effective patient educator for this group of hospitalized geriatric patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-164
Number of pages3
JournalHospital Pharmacy
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Geriatrics
Metered Dose Inhalers
Patient Education
Pharmacists
Education
Demonstrations
Breath Holding
Exhalation
Equipment and Supplies
Checklist
Inhalation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Metered dose inhaler-spacer technique in hospitalized geriatric patients : Effect of patient education by a pharmacist. / Smith, Valerie Strayhorn; Tolley, Elizabeth; Demirkan, Kutay; Self, Timothy.

In: Hospital Pharmacy, Vol. 35, No. 2, 01.01.2000, p. 162-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Smith, Valerie Strayhorn ; Tolley, Elizabeth ; Demirkan, Kutay ; Self, Timothy. / Metered dose inhaler-spacer technique in hospitalized geriatric patients : Effect of patient education by a pharmacist. In: Hospital Pharmacy. 2000 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 162-164.
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