Multi-institutional study of self-reported attitudes and behaviors of general surgery residents about ethical academic practices in test taking

Valerie P. Grignol, Kevin Grannan, John Sabra, Robert M. Cromer, Benjamin Jarman, Daniel Dent, Robert P. Sticca, Timothy M. Nelson, John S. Kukora, Brian Daley, Robert W. Treat, Paula M. Termuhlen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Correlation exists between people who engage in academic dishonesty as students and unethical behavior once in practice. Previously, we assessed the attitudes of general surgery residents and ethical practices in test taking at a single institution. Most residents had not participated in activities they felt were unethical, yet what constituted unethical behavior was unclear. We sought to verify these results in a multi-institutional study. METHODS: A scenario-based survey describing potentially unethical activities related to the American Board of Surgery In-training Examination (ABSITE) was administered. Participants were asked about their knowledge of or participation in the activities and whether the activity was unethical. Program directors were surveyed about the use of ABSITE results for resident evaluation and promotion. RESULTS: Ten programs participated in the study. The resident response rate was 67% (186/277). Of the respondents, 43% felt that memorizing questions to study for future examinations was unethical and 50% felt that using questions another resident memorized was unethical. Most felt that buying (86%) or selling (79%) questions was unethical. Significantly more senior than junior residents have memorized (30% vs 16%; p = 0.04) or used questions others memorized (33% vs 12%; p = 0.002) to study for future ABSITE examinations and know of other residents who have done so (42% vs 20%; p = 0.004). Most programs used results of the ABSITE in promotion (80%) and set minimum score expectations and consequences (70%). CONCLUSION: Similar to our single-institution study, residents had not participated in activities they felt to be unethical; however the definition of what constitutes cheating remains unclear. Differences were identified between senior and junior residents with regard to memorizing questions for study. Cheating and unethical behavior is not always clear to the learner and represents an area for further education. (J Surg 70:777-781.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-781
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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surgery
resident
examination
promotion
Students
Education
further education
selling
director
scenario
participation
Surveys and Questionnaires
evaluation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Education

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Multi-institutional study of self-reported attitudes and behaviors of general surgery residents about ethical academic practices in test taking. / Grignol, Valerie P.; Grannan, Kevin; Sabra, John; Cromer, Robert M.; Jarman, Benjamin; Dent, Daniel; Sticca, Robert P.; Nelson, Timothy M.; Kukora, John S.; Daley, Brian; Treat, Robert W.; Termuhlen, Paula M.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, Vol. 70, No. 6, 01.01.2013, p. 777-781.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grignol, VP, Grannan, K, Sabra, J, Cromer, RM, Jarman, B, Dent, D, Sticca, RP, Nelson, TM, Kukora, JS, Daley, B, Treat, RW & Termuhlen, PM 2013, 'Multi-institutional study of self-reported attitudes and behaviors of general surgery residents about ethical academic practices in test taking', Journal of Surgical Education, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 777-781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2013.09.001
Grignol, Valerie P. ; Grannan, Kevin ; Sabra, John ; Cromer, Robert M. ; Jarman, Benjamin ; Dent, Daniel ; Sticca, Robert P. ; Nelson, Timothy M. ; Kukora, John S. ; Daley, Brian ; Treat, Robert W. ; Termuhlen, Paula M. / Multi-institutional study of self-reported attitudes and behaviors of general surgery residents about ethical academic practices in test taking. In: Journal of Surgical Education. 2013 ; Vol. 70, No. 6. pp. 777-781.
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abstract = "PURPOSE: Correlation exists between people who engage in academic dishonesty as students and unethical behavior once in practice. Previously, we assessed the attitudes of general surgery residents and ethical practices in test taking at a single institution. Most residents had not participated in activities they felt were unethical, yet what constituted unethical behavior was unclear. We sought to verify these results in a multi-institutional study. METHODS: A scenario-based survey describing potentially unethical activities related to the American Board of Surgery In-training Examination (ABSITE) was administered. Participants were asked about their knowledge of or participation in the activities and whether the activity was unethical. Program directors were surveyed about the use of ABSITE results for resident evaluation and promotion. RESULTS: Ten programs participated in the study. The resident response rate was 67{\%} (186/277). Of the respondents, 43{\%} felt that memorizing questions to study for future examinations was unethical and 50{\%} felt that using questions another resident memorized was unethical. Most felt that buying (86{\%}) or selling (79{\%}) questions was unethical. Significantly more senior than junior residents have memorized (30{\%} vs 16{\%}; p = 0.04) or used questions others memorized (33{\%} vs 12{\%}; p = 0.002) to study for future ABSITE examinations and know of other residents who have done so (42{\%} vs 20{\%}; p = 0.004). Most programs used results of the ABSITE in promotion (80{\%}) and set minimum score expectations and consequences (70{\%}). CONCLUSION: Similar to our single-institution study, residents had not participated in activities they felt to be unethical; however the definition of what constitutes cheating remains unclear. Differences were identified between senior and junior residents with regard to memorizing questions for study. Cheating and unethical behavior is not always clear to the learner and represents an area for further education. (J Surg 70:777-781.",
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AU - Cromer, Robert M.

AU - Jarman, Benjamin

AU - Dent, Daniel

AU - Sticca, Robert P.

AU - Nelson, Timothy M.

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N2 - PURPOSE: Correlation exists between people who engage in academic dishonesty as students and unethical behavior once in practice. Previously, we assessed the attitudes of general surgery residents and ethical practices in test taking at a single institution. Most residents had not participated in activities they felt were unethical, yet what constituted unethical behavior was unclear. We sought to verify these results in a multi-institutional study. METHODS: A scenario-based survey describing potentially unethical activities related to the American Board of Surgery In-training Examination (ABSITE) was administered. Participants were asked about their knowledge of or participation in the activities and whether the activity was unethical. Program directors were surveyed about the use of ABSITE results for resident evaluation and promotion. RESULTS: Ten programs participated in the study. The resident response rate was 67% (186/277). Of the respondents, 43% felt that memorizing questions to study for future examinations was unethical and 50% felt that using questions another resident memorized was unethical. Most felt that buying (86%) or selling (79%) questions was unethical. Significantly more senior than junior residents have memorized (30% vs 16%; p = 0.04) or used questions others memorized (33% vs 12%; p = 0.002) to study for future ABSITE examinations and know of other residents who have done so (42% vs 20%; p = 0.004). Most programs used results of the ABSITE in promotion (80%) and set minimum score expectations and consequences (70%). CONCLUSION: Similar to our single-institution study, residents had not participated in activities they felt to be unethical; however the definition of what constitutes cheating remains unclear. Differences were identified between senior and junior residents with regard to memorizing questions for study. Cheating and unethical behavior is not always clear to the learner and represents an area for further education. (J Surg 70:777-781.

AB - PURPOSE: Correlation exists between people who engage in academic dishonesty as students and unethical behavior once in practice. Previously, we assessed the attitudes of general surgery residents and ethical practices in test taking at a single institution. Most residents had not participated in activities they felt were unethical, yet what constituted unethical behavior was unclear. We sought to verify these results in a multi-institutional study. METHODS: A scenario-based survey describing potentially unethical activities related to the American Board of Surgery In-training Examination (ABSITE) was administered. Participants were asked about their knowledge of or participation in the activities and whether the activity was unethical. Program directors were surveyed about the use of ABSITE results for resident evaluation and promotion. RESULTS: Ten programs participated in the study. The resident response rate was 67% (186/277). Of the respondents, 43% felt that memorizing questions to study for future examinations was unethical and 50% felt that using questions another resident memorized was unethical. Most felt that buying (86%) or selling (79%) questions was unethical. Significantly more senior than junior residents have memorized (30% vs 16%; p = 0.04) or used questions others memorized (33% vs 12%; p = 0.002) to study for future ABSITE examinations and know of other residents who have done so (42% vs 20%; p = 0.004). Most programs used results of the ABSITE in promotion (80%) and set minimum score expectations and consequences (70%). CONCLUSION: Similar to our single-institution study, residents had not participated in activities they felt to be unethical; however the definition of what constitutes cheating remains unclear. Differences were identified between senior and junior residents with regard to memorizing questions for study. Cheating and unethical behavior is not always clear to the learner and represents an area for further education. (J Surg 70:777-781.

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